• Escrivá announces the approval of Brussels on pensions and summons unions and employers tomorrow to seek the agreement



has closed an agreement with

Unidas Podemos on the

pension reform

proposal that will be presented this morning to the social agents, according to

Yolanda Díaz

herself ,

Second Vice President and Minister of Labor, and who also has the approval of the

European Commission,

as reported on Thursday by Minister José Luis Escrivá.

It was obvious that when the Minister of Social Security said yesterday that

the agreement was "practically closed"

and even that he hoped that the pact with the social agents would be made today because it already had the green light from the Commission,

the text also had all the necessary qualities to be accepted by Podemos

and, therefore, by the rest of the

minority partners of the investiture.

The main problem that had prevented this parliamentary support until now was the intention of the Executive to

extend the computation period

from the last 25 years that are currently used to the best 28 of the last 30. That option has been discarded and will be replaced by a

possibility open to retirees,

who can choose between having their pension calculated according to the salaries received in the last 25 years or opting for the salary of the best 27 years of the last 29 to be taken as a reference.

The proposal, which has already convinced Podemos,

is expected to please the unions,

which also opposed an imposed extension of the calculation period.



, to whom Escrivá had promised to "adapt" the period employed to current job careers in Component 30 of the Recovery Plan, it is assumed that the measure has also fit.

The minister has been

negotiating on three sides

and, in the last two months,

especially in Brussels and with the parties

, to make sure that the advances he made with the community institutions would be accepted in the Spanish parliamentary circle.

Knowing from the beginning the position of the


, he could also know if the measures would be accepted by the latter.

In practice, moreover,

having the approval of a part of the social dialogue is not so important

for the European Commission, to whom what matters is that the reform becomes the norm and enters into force.

The more consensus you have, the better, but it is not a

sine qua non

requirement to comply with what was agreed in the Recovery Plan.

Although CEOE and Cepyme

will attend the meeting this Friday at 12:30 p.m.

, an agreement with them is ruled out, since from the beginning they have opposed a reform that acts mainly on the revenue side,

charging companies with new charges.

to offset the increase in spending derived from linking pensions to the CPI.

"We have reached an agreement to protect pensions and reinforce the redistributive nature of the system.

We will do so by increasing the income that companies will contribute

for the highest salaries and protecting the lowest pensions more," admitted Yolanda Díaz.

Along the same lines, Ione Belarra

, Minister of Social Affairs for the Podemos quota , has pronounced

: "We extend rights to pensioners, guaranteeing the sustainability of the system

thanks to the increase in income


It is assumed that the Executive will try to have only the approval of the unions.

Once it has it, it will approve the reform by

royal decree-law

in one of the next Councils of Ministers and it will be validated in Congress before Easter.

Escrivá also plans to go to the

Toledo Pact Commission

to inform his deputies, something that they have been demanding for a long time.

The Executive is in a hurry to carry out the reform since it accumulates a

delay of two months

with respect to the commitment it had with Brussels.

In the Recovery Plan, he had planned to approve the reform before

December 31

and the next disbursement of European funds - the fourth that Spain will receive - is linked to this reform being in force.

The problem is that

reaching consensus has been difficult

, especially since the government needs it on three fronts.

On the one hand, with the

European institutions

, which seem to have already given the go-ahead to the set of measures proposed by Escrivá -those already approved, which increased spending, and the proposals now, to compensate for this imbalance-;


parliamentary arch

, where they have had to ensure that what has been committed to Brussels has sufficient support to be approved, and finally the

social agents,

since it is desirable that they put their stamp on the reform.

At that table, there are two very distant positions.

From the beginning, the


have opposed the Government's proposals, which go through guaranteeing the sustainability of the pension system, acting fundamentally through income, that is, increasing the contributions of the companies and without making any containment through the spent.

For this reason,

CEOE and Cepyme have remained practically on the sidelines of the negotiation.

Although the employers have not yet expressed their position, they are already anticipating their no to the reform.

Lorenzo Amor,

president of ATA and

vice president of CEOE,

lamented that "

Escrivá's and the Government's voracious collection

has no limits. Everything indicates that the increase in the cost of pensions will be covered by a

strong increase in contributions


seriously putting the employment and the viability of companies and the self-employed

, which it will continue

to fleece".

Escrivá has focused on dialogue with those with whom there was a possibility of an agreement,

the UGT and CCOO

, although they have insisted from the beginning that, before negotiating,

the Ministry must have political support and backing from Brussels


Even so, the unions showed their cards from the beginning: they opposed the extension of the calculation period to calculate the pension (something that Escrivá had promised the Commission on its own, without expressly appearing in the recommendations of the Pact of Toledo and which, in theory, had no impact on the costs of the system) and also made their list of



The latter, among which was a relaxation of the minimum contribution period to access the pension, have been interpreted as a possible

bargaining chip

so that the unions end up accepting a modification of the calculation period, provided that this does not mean lower pensions.

According to the criteria of The Trust Project

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  • European Comission

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  • Jose Luis Escriva

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