Author: Lin Xiaozhao
Sub-provincial cities are second only to municipalities directly under the central government in terms of administrative level. They are an important part of my country's central city system and play an important role in leading and radiating regional economic development.
How will the economic development of these cities perform in 2022?
After sorting out and counting the GDP and growth rate of 15 sub-provincial cities in 2022, a reporter from China Business News found that there are currently three sub-provincial cities, Shenzhen, Guangzhou, and Chengdu, whose GDP exceeds 2 trillion yuan, an increase of one from the previous year.
From the perspective of ranking changes, in 2022, Wuhan will overtake Hangzhou for the first time in the past three years, and Xiamen will overtake Changchun and Shenyang.
Shenzhen leads for 11 consecutive years
At present, there are 15 sub-provincial cities in the country, including 10 provincial capital cities of Guangzhou, Wuhan, Nanjing, Chengdu, Xi'an, Hangzhou, Jinan, Harbin, Shenyang, and Changchun, and 5 planned cities of Shenzhen, Xiamen, Ningbo, Qingdao, and Dalian. separate city.
Among the 15 sub-provincial cities, Shenzhen and Guangzhou, as first-tier cities, rank the top two in terms of GDP.
Among them, Shenzhen has ranked first among sub-provincial cities for 11 consecutive years since surpassing Guangzhou in 2012.
The data shows that Shenzhen's GDP in 2022 will be 3,238.768 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 3.3%.
Industry is the key to Shenzhen's superiority.
The data shows that in 2022, the total output value of Shenzhen's industrial enterprises above designated size will exceed 4.5 trillion yuan, ranking first among cities in the country for four consecutive years; the added value of all industries will exceed 1.1 trillion yuan, ranking first among cities in the country for the first time.
As a result, for the first time, Shenzhen has become the "double first" city in terms of total industrial output value above designated size and total industrial added value, and its position as the largest industrial city has become more stable.
In terms of growth rate, in 2022, the added value of industries above designated size in Shenzhen will increase by 4.8% year-on-year, which is higher than that of the whole country and the whole province, and maintains a leading level among first-tier cities and major industrial cities.
At the same time, in 2022, Shenzhen's fixed asset investment will increase by 8.4% year-on-year, ranking first in first-tier cities, which is significantly higher than that of the whole country and the whole province.
Shenzhen's industrial investment continued to maintain a good growth momentum, an increase of 19.2%, of which, manufacturing investment increased by 15.4%.
Professor Tan Gang, deputy dean of the Shenzhen Institute of Socialism, analyzed China Business News that the proportion of manufacturing in Shenzhen is the highest among first-tier cities. In recent years, Shenzhen has always insisted on taking industry as the foundation of the city and insisting on "manufacturing as the leader" .
According to Tan Gang's analysis, one of the major advantages of Shenzhen is that it can quickly and on-the-spot turn innovation achievements into productive forces, industrial products, and markets.
Shenzhen is well integrated in the innovation chain and industrial chain.
The whole-process innovation ecological chain established by Shenzhen industrializes Shenzhen's most competitive research and development achievements on-site, and extends forward to do basic research and tackle key problems on this basis, and extends backward to provide financial support services and talent introduction.
This ecological chain combines innovation and industry well, forming Shenzhen's own characteristics and advantages.
After Shenzhen, Guangzhou's GDP ranks second with 2,883.9 billion yuan, and the gap between the total and Shenzhen has widened to 354.868 billion yuan.
Among all cities in the country, Guangzhou was surpassed by Chongqing for the first time in many years, ranking fifth in the country.
Peng Peng, chairman of the executive committee of the Guangdong Provincial Restructuring Research Association, analyzed China Business News that Guangzhou has a relatively high proportion of tertiary industries, which was significantly affected by the epidemic last year.
With the optimization of epidemic prevention and control measures, the tertiary industry in Guangzhou will recover significantly this year.
However, the pressure facing Guangzhou is not only the issue of the tertiary industry. At present, Guangzhou also needs to make efforts in the emerging manufacturing industry, and must improve technology and industrial chain.
Chengdu, which ranks third, will achieve a new breakthrough in GDP in 2022. The city's GDP will reach 2,081.75 billion yuan, breaking through the 2 trillion mark for the first time.
So far, the GDP of three sub-provincial cities has exceeded the 2 trillion mark.
In recent years, Chengdu's high-tech industries have developed rapidly.
According to news from Chengdu High-tech Zone, the number of high-tech enterprises in the zone will exceed 2,000 in 2022, reaching 2,253, an increase of 54%. At the same time, the net increase of high-tech enterprises exceeds 1,000, a record high. The number exceeded 4,000, reaching more than 4,320, an increase of 30.4%.
Wuhan overtakes Hangzhou for the first time in the past three years
After the top three, the GDP of Wuhan and Hangzhou both exceeded 1.8 trillion yuan in 2022, and are moving towards the 2 trillion mark.
In terms of rankings, a major change in sub-provincial cities this year is that after 2019, Wuhan surpassed Hangzhou for the first time in three years, ranking fourth among sub-provincial cities, while Hangzhou relegated to fifth.
Judging from the changes in recent years, before 2020, Wuhan's GDP will be ahead of that of Hangzhou.
The data shows that in 2019, Wuhan's GDP was 85 billion yuan higher than that of Hangzhou. In 2020, due to the impact of the epidemic, Wuhan's total GDP was surpassed by Hangzhou, with a difference of 49 billion yuan between the two places. This leading position will continue until 2021; In 2022, Wuhan's GDP will exceed that of Hangzhou for the first time in three years, leading Hangzhou by 11.343 billion yuan.
Data show that in 2022, Wuhan will achieve a GDP of 1,886.643 billion yuan, an increase of 4.0% over the previous year.
During the same period, Hangzhou's GDP was 1,875.3 billion yuan, an increase of 1.5% over the previous year.
From the data point of view, the added value of Wuhan's secondary industry was 671.665 billion yuan, an increase of 7.3%, accounting for 35.6% of GDP.
During the same period, the added value of Hangzhou's secondary industry was 562 billion yuan, an increase of 0.4%, accounting for 30% of GDP.
It can be seen that the secondary industry in Wuhan has a higher proportion and a faster growth rate.
The data shows that in 2022, the added value of Wuhan's designated high-tech manufacturing industry will increase by 16.3%, which is 11.3 percentage points faster than that of the city's designated industries, and will always maintain double-digit growth during the year; the added value accounts for 17.1% of the city's designated industries. , an increase of 1.0 percentage points over the previous year; the contribution rate to the city's industrial growth above designated size was 55.7%, an increase of 19.0 percentage points over the previous year.
Tang Hairu, deputy director of the Expert Committee of the Hangzhou Planning Commission, analyzed China Business News that Wuhan is the central city in the central region, which has a strong driving effect on the entire central region, and its secondary industry development is very prominent.
In contrast, Hangzhou has seized the opportunity of the Internet in recent years and has achieved outstanding results in the development of the digital economy.
However, in this process, how to further maintain and give full play to its advantages, how to further move from the consumer Internet to the industrial Internet, and further promote the development of intelligent manufacturing, Hangzhou still has many shortcomings.
"Shenzhen's innovation chain and industrial chain go hand in hand, and the innovation chain empowers the development of the industrial chain." Tang Hairu said that Hangzhou's innovation chain is at the forefront of the country, but the connection between the innovation chain and the industrial chain is relatively weak.
Therefore, Hangzhou needs to further supplement the industrial chain so that the innovation chain and the industrial chain can have a better connection.
Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Jinan, and Xi'an rank 6th to 10th among sub-provincial cities.
Among them, Ningbo's GDP exceeded the 1.5 trillion yuan mark for the first time.
As in the previous year, 10 of the 15 cities had a GDP exceeding one trillion yuan.
The five sub-provincial cities that have not exceeded the trillion mark are the four cities in the northeast and Xiamen, which is from the southeast coast and has the smallest land area and total population.
That is to say, at present, there is not a single city with a GDP trillion in the entire Northeast region.
Judging from the rankings of these cities, last year, Xiamen even surpassed Changchun and Shenyang, rising to the 12th place among sub-provincial cities.
The data shows that in 2022, Xiamen will achieve a GDP of 780.27 billion yuan, an increase of 4.4%, and the growth rate is tied with Xi'an for the first place among sub-provincial cities.
Ding Changfa, associate professor of the Department of Economics of Xiamen University, analyzed China Business News. On the one hand, Changchun and other places were greatly affected by the epidemic last year, while Xiamen was relatively less affected by the epidemic; on the other hand, the growth rates of investment and consumption in Xiamen last year were relatively quick.
He predicted that Xiamen is expected to overtake Dalian in the next few years, and then complete the overall overtaking of the four sub-provincial cities in Northeast China.
The data shows that in 2022, Xiamen's fixed asset investment will increase by 10.2%, which is 5.1 and 2.7 percentage points higher than that of the whole country and the whole province respectively, playing a key role in the city's steady growth and development; the total retail sales of consumer goods will increase by 3.1%, which is higher than that of the whole country. 3.3 percentage points, the growth rate rebounded by 2.8 percentage points compared with the first half of last year.