Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, January 29 Question: Promoting the integrated high-quality development of Tongzhou District in Beijing and Sanhe, Dachang, and Xianghe counties and cities in Hebei Province——The responsible comrade of the National Development and Reform Commission answered reporters' questions
Xinhua News Agency reporter An Bei
Promoting the integrated high-quality development of Tongzhou District in Beijing and the three counties and cities of Sanhe, Dachang and Xianghe in Hebei Province is a key task in the "14th Five-Year Plan" to promote the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei.
Focusing on this work, a reporter from Xinhua News Agency recently interviewed the comrades in charge of the National Development and Reform Commission.
Question: Tongzhou District of Beijing is separated by a river from Beisan County of Hebei Province. What is the significance of promoting the integrated high-quality development of the two places?
Answer: The Party Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to the construction of Beijing's urban sub-center and the coordinated development of Tongzhou District and the three northern counties.
In March 2020, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Beijing Municipal Government, and the Hebei Provincial People's Government jointly issued the "Coordinated Development Plan for Tongzhou District of Beijing and Sanhe, Dachang, and Xianghe Counties and Cities of Hebei Province", proposing to give full play to the demonstration and leadership of Beijing's urban sub-center The role and radiation drive the coordinated development of the three counties in the north.
In 2021, the State Council issued the "Opinions on Supporting the High-Quality Development of Beijing's Urban Sub-Centre" to actively promote the integrated high-quality development of Tongzhou District and Beisan County.
Tongzhou District and Beisan County are important supporting parts for the construction of Beijing's urban sub-center. The economic and social ties in the region are very close. Promoting integrated high-quality development will help optimize resource allocation in a larger space and strengthen service guarantees for the capital's functions. Effectively control Beijing's "big city disease"; it is conducive to supporting the construction of Beijing's urban sub-center, optimizing Beijing's urban spatial layout and economic structure, and accelerating the creation of new highlands for regional development; it is conducive to exploring and innovating regional integrated development systems and mechanisms, and driving Beijing's urban sub-center Integrated high-quality development of surrounding areas.
Q: What are the basic principles and main goals of promoting the integrated high-quality development of the two places?
Answer: Grasping firmly on the "bull nose" of orderly relieving Beijing's non-capital functions, adhering to the "one game of chess" plan, giving full play to the demonstration and leading role of Beijing's urban sub-center, and effectively and orderly promoting the integrated high-quality development of Tongzhou District and Beisan County, creating a A model of regional coordinated and coordinated development in the new era.
Grasp three principles: First, reform and innovation, and try first.
According to the development orientation and actual needs, Beijing and Hebei Province have legally granted Tongzhou District and some provincial (city) level economic and social management authority in Beisan County, and gradually implemented "unified planning, unified policies, unified standards, and unified management and control" to enhance regional integration The level of development.
The second is orderly implementation and pragmatic advancement.
Promote the interconnection of infrastructure step by step and in an orderly manner, the joint control and joint management of the ecological environment, the coordination and cooperation of industrial development, and the joint construction and sharing of public services.
The third is government guidance and market operation.
Establish and improve an integrated high-quality development management system and mechanism to promote the independent and orderly flow of elements.
The main goal is that by 2025, the integrated high-quality development management system and mechanism of Tongzhou District and Beisan County will be established and effectively function, and take the lead in forming a unified standard system in the fields of environmental governance, infrastructure, public services, and engineering technology.
Key ecological restoration and construction projects have been basically completed, positive progress has been made in the construction of rail transit, an integrated transportation network with priority on public transport has been basically established, the synergy of the industrial system and the standardization of the business environment have been significantly enhanced, and Beijing has undertaken the release of non-capital functions and the joint construction of industrial parks Substantial progress has been made. Beijing's high-quality medical and educational resources have been extended to the three northern counties in an orderly manner, and the gap in public services has gradually narrowed.
By 2035, the integrated high-quality development system and mechanism of Tongzhou District and Beisan County will be more mature and perfect, the quality of the ecological environment will be fundamentally improved, a smart, green, efficient and convenient public transportation system will be established, and a modern economic system led by innovation will be basically established. Chain and supply chain integrated development, independent and orderly flow of element resources, a higher level of equalization of basic public services, people's sense of gain, happiness, and security are significantly improved, green cities, forest cities, sponge cities, smart cities, waste-free The city has been basically completed and has become a vivid practice of the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei in the new era.
Q: What achievements have been made in the integrated high-quality development of Tongzhou District and Beisan County?
Answer: With the joint efforts of all parties, the coordinated development of Tongzhou District and Beisan County has made important progress in stages, laying a good foundation for integrated high-quality development.
First, the improvement of the ecological environment has achieved remarkable results.
Tongzhou District and Beisan County have signed an agreement to strengthen the ecological environment management in the border area, and unified management and control in five aspects: regional air pollution prevention and control, river basin water environment restoration, soil pollution control, garbage disposal, and water resource utilization.
For the first time in the past 22 years, the main stream of Chaobai River has flowed through the whole line.
In 2022, the average concentration of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in Tongzhou District and Beisan County will be below 33 micrograms per cubic meter, and the monitoring water quality compliance rate of major river sections such as the North Canal Tumenlou and Chaobai River Datao Bridge will reach 100%.
Second, the construction of transportation integration is steadily advancing.
The construction of Tongzhou-Dachangchang access road and Chaobai River bridge has been accelerated, and 5 bridges across Chaobai River, 10 cross-border roads, and 22 cross-border buses have been opened.
All toll stations on Jingtong Expressway are free of charge except during the morning peak hours.
The Beijing section and the Hebei section of the first inter-provincial rail transit Pinggu Line in Beijing started construction, and the Jingtang Jingbin intercity railway connecting Tongzhou District and the three counties in the north was opened for operation.
The third is to undertake the gradual formation of industrial transfer.
Beijing and the three northern counties of Langfang have held project promotion and negotiation meetings for four consecutive years since 2019, and more than 160 projects have been signed in total.
Beisan counties centered on the extension of key industries, cultivated and introduced 319 high-tech enterprises and 2,973 small and medium-sized technological enterprises.
Fourth, public service cooperation has been continuously strengthened.
Beijing primary and secondary schools, kindergartens and 14 schools in Beisan County cooperate in running schools, which can add more than 2,000 primary and junior high school places.
39 medical institutions in Beijing cooperated with Beisan County in technical assistance, remote diagnosis and treatment, and expert consultation. Four municipal hospitals including Beijing Chaoyang Hospital and Friendship Hospital supported Yanda Hospital in Sanhe City to become a top-three general hospital, and 21 in Beisan County Medical institutions above the second level realize direct settlement for medical treatment in different places in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei.
Q: What are the key tasks for the integrated high-quality development of Tongzhou District and Beisan County in the next stage?
Answer: In-depth study and implementation of the spirit of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, conscientiously implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important instructions, and implement five key tasks.
The first is to further strengthen the joint control and governance of the ecological environment.
Adhere to the integrated protection and systematic management of mountains, rivers, forests, farmland, lakes, grass and sand, optimize regional spatial order and improve the ecological environment; take strict control measures for various air pollution sources in the region; strengthen the shoreline protection and spatial control of rivers and lakes in the region; expand ecological green space , comprehensively improve the comprehensive quality of the environment, and consolidate the foundation of ecological security in the eastern part of the capital.
The second is to further promote infrastructure interconnection.
Deeply promote the construction of "Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei on rails", accelerate the construction of cross-regional rail transit such as the Pinggu Line; open up road traffic congestion points; improve regional integrated traffic construction, operation, and management policies, and study the establishment of rail transit and bus operation subsidy sharing, etc. Mechanism; systematically promote the comprehensive management of Chaobai River, Beiyun River, Yi River and other rivers.
The third is to further strengthen the coordination and cooperation of industrial development.
Focus on the development of new service economies such as digital industries, cultural industries, leisure and health care, and transform and upgrade traditional advantageous industries such as food processing and furniture manufacturing; promote the extension of Beijing industries that conform to regional functional positioning to Tongzhou District and Beisan County; improve industrial coordination policies, study Formulate a differentiated catalog of new industrial prohibitions and restrictions.
The fourth is to further promote the joint construction and sharing of public services.
Encourage the expansion of high-quality basic education and vocational education resources in Beijing to the three northern counties by means of cooperative education and the establishment of branch campuses; support the strengthening of cooperation between medical institutions in Beijing and the three northern counties; comprehensively improve the service guarantee capabilities in the field of health care and elderly care in Tongzhou District and the three northern counties .
Increase the supply of affordable rental housing and shared property housing, promote the integrated development of the national fitness public service system, establish a cross-regional work information communication and sharing mechanism and a corporate salary survey information release coordination mechanism.
The fifth is to increase the intensity of reform and innovation.
Support Beijing state-owned enterprises to participate in the comprehensive urban development of the three northern counties in a market-oriented manner; share reform and innovation pilots, and encourage social capital to participate in projects with certain benefits such as industrial parks, public services, infrastructure and ecological construction.
Promote the regional sharing of relevant pilot policies, promote the unification of standards for government service matters in the region, regional common handling, and mutual recognition of results, and create a first-class regional business environment.
Q: What guarantees are there in terms of institutional mechanisms?
Answer: Beijing and Hebei Province will innovate systems and mechanisms, and build a management structure compatible with integrated high-quality development on the basis of the existing work docking mechanism between Tongzhou District and Beisan County.
First, strengthen organization and leadership.
Set up a council as a decision-making layer, responsible for researching and negotiating major issues in the region, coordinating relevant departments of the two provinces and cities, Beijing City Sub-Center, Tongzhou District, Langfang City and Beisan County to coordinate and promote important reform measures, major engineering projects, key work items, and supervise Promote the implementation of tasks.
The second is to promote the work in a solid manner.
There is an executive committee under the council, which is responsible for researching and formulating institutional rules, key plans, key points of work, supporting policies, reform matters, major projects, etc., and coordinating all aspects to promote implementation after reporting to the council for approval.
The third is to encourage social participation.
The council and the executive committee may invite deputies to the people's congresses of Beijing and Hebei provinces and municipalities, members of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, experts, scholars, entrepreneurs, etc. to offer advice and suggestions according to work needs.
The fourth is to strengthen the implementation of responsibilities.
Beijing Municipality and Hebei Province fulfill their main responsibilities and form a strong joint force for common advancement.