At the beginning of 2023, many departments and industries have released a series of statistical data and planning goals for "stabilizing the economy and promoting development and strengthening confidence".

From the information that has been released, we can already see the resilience and confidence that the Chinese economy will show in 2023.

Let's look forward to the performance of the Chinese economy in 2023, which is stable and improving through the following questions.

  What is the overall situation of the domestic retail industry in the future?

  How can foreign trade enterprises seize the opportunity to expand the market?

  How can various natural resource elements contribute to high-quality economic development?

  Positive signals have emerged, how to stabilize the economy and strengthen confidence?

  Chinese New Year is approaching, traditional New Year's Eve dinners are popular all over the world

  With the Spring Festival approaching, what is the overall situation of the retail industry?

Get a feel for how people everywhere prepare for the holidays.

  In Yuxi, Yunnan, many restaurants have launched traditional New Year's Eve dinner sets with their own characteristics.

  In Ningbo, Zhejiang, the reservations for this year's New Year's Eve dinner began at the beginning of last month. Ms. Yu, a citizen, failed to book a box in three restaurants near her home.

  The store manager said that this year's New Year's Eve dinner is mainly in the form of set meals, and the names of the set meals also imply auspiciousness.

  In Jiangmen, Guangdong, a local prefabricated vegetable company has launched a series of prefabricated dishes for the New Year’s Eve with the flavor of the hometown of overseas Chinese in Wuyi.

Many citizens said that pre-made dishes for the New Year's Eve dinner can save the time of buying and cooking. It is convenient and quick, and it is a good choice.

  Ministry of Commerce: The market resumed in an orderly manner during the New Year's Day holiday, with sufficient supply and stable prices

  As the Spring Festival approaches, the holiday consumer market is gradually becoming lively.

How is the supply situation in the recent consumer market?

What about the price level?

The Ministry of Commerce held a regular press conference on the 6th, and the spokesperson of the Ministry of Commerce made a special introduction at the meeting.

  The Ministry of Commerce stated that during the New Year's Day holiday, the sales of popular commodities increased steadily.

Driven by the festive atmosphere and various promotional activities, residents' basic living consumption has grown steadily, and demand for new year's goods, daily necessities and other commodities has increased.

During the New Year's Day holiday, the sales of grain, oil, food, beverages, and daily necessities of retail enterprises monitored by the Ministry of Commerce increased by 11.3%, 10.2%, and 2.6% year-on-year respectively.

  Service consumption showed a recovery trend.

Catering stores around the world have resumed dine-in one after another, and catering companies sell online and offline through multiple channels to meet the diverse needs of consumers.

The consumption of ice and snow continues to heat up, and colorful New Year's Eve activities are favored.

The demand for inter-provincial travel and long-distance travel has increased significantly, and the hotel occupancy rate and booking rate in popular tourist destinations have continued to increase.

According to agency data, the three-day box office on New Year's Day exceeded 550 million yuan, and the operating rate of theaters across the country reached 85%, a record high in 10 months.

  Online consumption maintained rapid development.

The Ministry of Commerce, together with relevant departments and units, guided the launch of the "2023 National Online New Year's Shopping Festival". According to the monitoring of commercial big data, the national online retail sales in the first five days of the "New Year's Shopping Festival" reached 208 billion yuan, an increase of 4.7% over the same period last year.

Among them, the sales of new year gift boxes, health supplements, and imported fresh food have grown rapidly, and the momentum of new consumption formats and models such as live streaming and instant delivery has been continuously released.

  The daily necessities market is generally stable.

The purchase volume of grain, edible oil, meat, eggs, and vegetables in hundreds of large agricultural and sideline product wholesale markets across the country increased compared with that before the holiday.

In terms of prices, the prices of grain, edible oil, beef and mutton were basically the same as before the holiday; the prices of pork, chicken, and eggs dropped slightly; the average wholesale price of 30 kinds of vegetables rose by 1.5%.

  Shu Jueting, Spokesperson of the Ministry of Commerce: It is currently the peak consumption season of the "two festivals". With the continuous optimization of epidemic prevention and control measures, normal production and living order and offline consumption scenes have accelerated, and residents' consumption enthusiasm is returning.

The Ministry of Commerce will work with local and relevant departments to earnestly implement the spirit of the Central Economic Work Conference, give priority to the recovery and expansion of consumption, and actively study and refine the implementation of policies to promote consumption.

On the whole, domestic consumer demand will be gradually released, and overall consumption is expected to maintain a steady recovery trend.

  China Chamber of Commerce: China's retail industry prosperity index stabilized and rebounded in January

  On the 6th, the China General Chamber of Commerce announced that China's retail industry prosperity index in January was 50.3%.

It rebounded by 1.6 percentage points from the previous month, ending the previous downward trend.

  In January this year, boosted by the consumption promotion policy of the Central Economic Work Conference, the willingness to consume was released, and consumption was more concentrated during the New Year’s Day and Spring Festival holidays.

  From the perspective of industry classification, the commodity management index is 50.8%, a slight increase of 2.6 percentage points from the previous month; the leasing operation index is 50.6%, a slight decrease of 0.8 percentage points from the previous month; Monthly rose slightly by 0.3 percentage points.

The customer unit price level index was 54.7%, a sharp increase of 6.2 percentage points from the previous month, indicating that commodity management enterprises expect a significant recovery in consumption this month, and the consumption level has rebounded.

  The analysis pointed out that although the prosperity of the retail industry in January was not as good as that of previous years, it has risen sharply month-on-month by taking advantage of the consumption factors during the New Year’s Day and Spring Festival holidays. Moreover, with the recovery of consumption scenes, improvement of income expectations and release of residents’ savings, my country’s retail industry as a whole is gradually stepping out. Cold winter, the future can be expected.

  State Council Information Office Press Conference: It is estimated that the total passenger flow during the Spring Festival travel this year will almost double that of the same period last year

  This year's Spring Festival Transport starts on January 7 and ends on February 15, a total of 40 days.

On the 6th, the press conference held by the Information Office of the State Council announced that preliminary analysis and judgment showed that the total passenger flow during the Spring Festival travel season was about 2.095 billion, an increase of 99.5% over the same period last year, and returned to 70.3% of the same period in 2019 (2.98 billion). .

  Civil Aviation Administration of China: Strive to restore the overall level to 75% before the epidemic in 2023

  The reporter learned from the 2023 National Civil Aviation Work Conference on the 6th that this year, civil aviation will strive to recover to about 75% of the level before the epidemic.

  According to reports, in the whole year of 2022, civil aviation will complete a total transportation turnover of 59.93 billion ton-kilometers, 250 million passenger trips, and 6.076 million tons of cargo and mail throughput, returning to 46.3%, 38.1%, and 80.7% of pre-epidemic levels.

This year, civil aviation will follow the principles of safety first, market leading, and security first, and on the basis of doing a good job in the assessment of operational support capabilities, grasp the rhythm of the industry's recovery and development, and strive to complete a total transportation turnover of 97.6 billion ton-kilometers and a passenger traffic volume of 4.6 100 million person-times, 6.17 million tons of cargo and mail transportation, and the overall recovery to about 75% of the pre-epidemic level, and strive to achieve a break-even balance.

  Ningbo, Zhejiang: Capital increase and production expansion foreign trade enterprises seize the opportunity to expand the market

  Under the background of economic recovery, how should foreign trade enterprises seize the opportunity to expand the market?

With the optimization of the epidemic prevention and control policy, many foreign trade companies have taken advantage of the policy to make full use of it, increase capital and expand production, and seize opportunities to expand the market.

The reporter saw in Ningbo, Zhejiang, that some foreign trade companies worked overtime to catch up with orders, and plans to increase capital and expand production were also put on the agenda; the government departments delivered policies in time, and the companies were very confident.

  In the factory area of ​​a door and window accessories company in Ningbo, a batch of accessories to be sent to Saudi Arabia is being loaded. This is the order brought back by Ding Yandong, the general manager of the company, who participated in the chartered flight "going to sea" organized by the Zhejiang Provincial Department of Commerce a month ago. This On New Year's Day, the workers only had one day off, and they worked overtime to catch up.

Immediately afterwards, Ding Yandong's company was recognized as a national high-tech enterprise, not only received a subsidy of 300,000 yuan, but the bank also offered to send money to the door.

  With orders and cash flow, Ding Yandong's plan to increase capital and expand production is also on the agenda.

He rented a new factory building of more than 600 square meters, and plans to introduce a brand-new automated production line. The equipment is expected to be in place after the Spring Festival.

While getting the new machine running, the confident Ding Yandong also scheduled his personal schedule for the second half of the year.

  In Cixi, Zhejiang, with the introduction of a series of government policies to stabilize the economy and increase vitality, the operating conditions of a foreign trade company that exports electric kitchen appliances such as juicers and coffee machines have gradually improved, and orders have increased significantly.

The company acquired a factory building to expand the production scale, but the more than 12 million yuan required to purchase new equipment made the company difficult.

The local taxation department will promptly deliver the policy to the door. When such a high-tech enterprise purchases equipment and appliances, it can give certain tax reductions or exemptions.

In this way, the enterprise can save about 1.5 million yuan.

  Some companies have enjoyed benefits, while others have keenly sensed new opportunities for development.

A listed company in Yuyao, Zhejiang Province, produces mid-to-high-end vacuum cleaners, both domestic sales and foreign trade. Overseas orders have been scheduled until March. After the Central Economic Work Conference was held in December last year, the company decided to focus on domestic sales and integrate into the double cycle.

  Authoritative interview: Guaranteeing the elements of resources and promoting the overall improvement of economic operation

  How can various natural resource elements contribute to high-quality economic development?

Natural resources are the material basis, space carrier and energy source of economic and social development.

In the new year, how to ensure that various natural resource elements contribute to high-quality economic development and promote the construction of a beautiful China?

In this regard, CCTV reporters from the main station interviewed Wang Guanghua, Minister of Natural Resources.

  Wang Guanghua said that since 2022, in the face of the impact of unexpected factors at home and abroad, in order to implement the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee on stabilizing the economic market, the Ministry of Natural Resources has successively issued a series of protection policies for land use and sea use.

Including speeding up the preparation of land and space planning at all levels to provide a basis for spatial planning for the implementation of major construction projects; speeding up the approval of land use and sea use, supporting the real economy and related industries to reduce the cost of land use; on the premise of keeping the bottom line of cultivated land and ecology, ensuring The demand for land and sea use in various places, in conjunction with relevant fiscal and financial control policies, has effectively guaranteed the implementation of a large number of major projects and promoted the stable economic development.

  Wang Guanghua, Minister of Natural Resources: Adhere to the land element following the project, and enhance the pertinence of land use planning and arrangement.

In the past, as long as there were good projects, there was land.

Now resources are limited, so we don’t need to use as much as we want. We need to change from the past resource guarantee type to the current resource constraint type, and use limited resources to meet larger-scale development.

  The effects of various policies that have been introduced so far are showing, and many projects will be fully launched this year, which will play a very important role in stabilizing growth.

Wang Guanghua introduced that this year, the Ministry of Natural Resources will conscientiously implement the major deployments determined by the Central Economic Work Conference, continuously optimize the protection policy of natural resource elements, and coordinate efforts with macroeconomic policies to promote the overall recovery of economic operation.

  Wang Guanghua, Minister of Natural Resources: Appropriately increase the land planning indicators for this year, support the major projects established in the "14th Five-Year Plan", and support the construction of modern infrastructure in urban agglomerations and metropolitan areas.

Prioritize the use of sea for major projects and livelihood projects.

Promote the reform of "decentralization, management and service" of land use approval authority, so that provincial governments have greater autonomy.

  Expert Interpretation: How to stabilize the economy and strengthen confidence now that the positive signal is now?

  Through the positive information conveyed by multiple departments and industries at the beginning of the new year, we can already feel that the pace of China's economic recovery is gradually accelerating.

Now that the positive signals have emerged, how should we stabilize the economy and strengthen confidence?

Let's listen to the interpretation of Dong Yu, Executive Vice President of the China Development Planning Research Institute of Tsinghua University.

  Dong Yu, executive vice president of the China Development Planning Research Institute of Tsinghua University: The confidence and expectations of this year come from the optimization of the epidemic control policy, and also from the Central Economic Work Conference's unwavering adherence to the two, and the support for the confidence of market players.

We can see that the Central Economic Work Conference has particularly emphasized the need to firmly develop the private economy in terms of policy and public opinion, so that the platform economy can further show its talents. These are closely related to the difficulties and challenges that have emerged in some enterprises and the platform economy in the past few years.

Many of the problems of weakening expectations and lack of confidence encountered in the current development are reflected in the private economy and in small, medium and micro enterprises.

The Central Economic Work Conference emphasizes optimizing the development environment of private enterprises, which will also play a very important guiding role in building confidence and improving expectations throughout the year.

At the same time, the central government has made a series of new deployments in expanding reform and opening up. For example, this year, it has placed special emphasis on attracting and utilizing foreign capital. On the one hand, it will continue to leverage the advantages of my country's super-large-scale market to attract global resource elements through domestic circulation.

On the other hand, by creating a first-class business environment that is market-oriented, ruled by law, and internationalized, more foreign-funded enterprises are willing to vote with their feet, to come to China, to stay in China, and to share the opportunities of China's development.

These will play a very positive role in promoting the overall operation of China's economy from different perspectives of internal circulation and external circulation.

(CCTV news client)