• Employment increases by 12,640 people in Spain in the worst month of December since 2012

The year


has ended with the

creation of 471,360 jobs

, which brings the total number of workers in the country to exceed the barrier of twenty million for the first time and stands at


Social Security affiliates, as reported by this Tuesday the Ministry of Social Security.

To create these almost half a million jobs, it has been necessary to

sign 18.3 million contracts

-given the short duration of many of them- and, due to the effect of the labor reform, there has been a strong


of jobs that were traditionally constituted with a

temporary contract to an indefinite contract.

For this reason, the Government can boast of an

unprecedented increase in permanent contracts

in the country, while there has been an

even reduction in temporary

employment .

This is so because jobs that used to be covered with temporary contracts have now been covered with indefinite contracts (full or part-time) or discontinuous fixed contracts (an indefinite modality that allows the worker to be activated when needed and deactivated, sending him to unemployment and deregistering from Social Security, when the level of activity drops and it is no longer necessary).



, a total of

5.78 million permanent contracts were signed,

which represents an increase of 4.5 million in the number of contracts of this type signed compared to 2021.

44% of this increase

is due to the explosion that there have been

discontinuous permanent



2.17 million

contracts of this type have been signed, 1.96 million more than in 2021);

23% responds to the increase in part-time permanent contracts (with 1.35 million of this type, 1.04 million more than last year) and

33% to full-time permanent contracts

, the most stable, according to the statistics. SEPE contract data.

In total, 2.21 million full-time permanent contracts

were signed last year ,

representing an increase of 1.49 million of this type with respect to the previous year.

This shows that despite the transfer that has taken place from temporary contracts to discontinuous permanent ones, there has also been part of the temporary contract that has become indefinite.

However, it must be borne in mind that

the nature of employment has not changed

: jobs that were seasonal before continue to be so now (such as the hotel job at a beach bar, for example), only that the type of contract with the one that enables this workforce is more stable.

In some cases they are

discontinuous permanent workers,

who are guaranteed a return to employment after the period of inactivity, and in others they are


, who will enjoy a higher compensation when they are laid off at the end of the season.

This increase in contracting stability translates into an

improvement in the confidence and expectations

of these workers, who are certain of having a job or higher compensation when their contract is terminated, which in turn translates in an

improvement in consumption

that has a positive impact on the Spanish economy, as recently assessed by the Bank of Spain.

The problem is that

these discontinuous landlines are not always working,

but there are periods of inactivity in which they are at home collecting, in some cases, the unemployment benefit.

That is why the experts consider it useful to know how many of them each month are in this situation, which could be considered similar to unemployment.

The Ministry, however, assures that

it does not have the "refined" or "statistical guarantee" data

to disclose it monthly, as the Secretary of State for Employment,

Joaquín Pérez Rey,

admitted today, hence the true situation of the unemployment.

According to data from the Ministry of Labor, also released this Tuesday,

registered unemployment has fallen

in the country in



268,252 people

(8.64%), until closing the year with 2,837,653 unemployed.

Economists denounce that these data are distorted by the effect of discontinuous fixes.

The hotel industry pulls employment and four provinces lose workers

At the end of 2022, Social Security has

15.82 million employees,

with a salaried employment contract.

Of them,

77% are permanent workers


15.5% are temporary workers;

0.7% have an apprenticeship or internship contract, and the rest have another type of contract.

The number of permanent


has grown this year by

2.28 million people,

of which 1.23 million have moved to full-time permanent employment, 603,942 have joined with a part-time contract and

451,662 are new discontinuous permanent workers.

Given that the number of temporary workers has decreased by 1.81 million and that of permanent workers has risen by 2.28 million, a transfer of all these employees is observed and

an additional balance of some 470,000 new permanent

workers , who have signed an ordinary contract -full or part-time- or a permanent discontinuous one.

Beyond the change that the labor reform has caused in employment dynamics, last year ended with an increase of 471,360 workers.

The main gain occurred in

salaried employment

, since the General Regime closed with a positive balance of 470,972 positions.

This group includes the special household and agricultural systems that did lose jobs, 5,584 and 48,386, respectively.

Self-employment closed the year almost flat

, with a net gain of 5 self-employed;

while the Sea Regime gained 409 workers and the Coal Regime lost 27.

The hospitality industry

was the sector that gave

the most employment in the country,


87,037 jobs

were created in the year, followed by information and communications (+52,265), professional and scientific activities (+52,177), health and social services (+49,228), construction (+45,186), transport and storage (+42,824) and commerce (+41,484).

The only activities that lost jobs were activities of households as employers (-895), activities of offshore organizations (-152) and financial and insurance activities (-66).

Employment was created in all the autonomous communities of the country, although the

Canary Islands (+5.25%), the Balearic Islands (+3.95%) and the Community of Madrid (+3.92%) stand out.

The most timid advances occurred in Extremadura (+0.35%), the Principality of Asturias (+0.62%) and Castilla-La Mancha (+0.71%).

Four provinces did register a

loss of jobs







(-0.19%) and

Ciudad Real

(-0.11%), with that close the year with fewer workers than they had in 2021.

The Ministry of Social Security has not yet broken down how much of the new employment created in the country in 2022 is

public employment

, but until November of last year - the latest data available - the Public Administrations had incorporated 78,156 workers compared to the same month of the previous year.

In total, the public sector employed 2.85 million employees at the end of November, including civil servants and labor personnel.

If we subtract these workers from the total affiliates and also discount the 3.33 million self-employed,

private employment

in the country by companies amounts to

14.08 million people.

According to the criteria of The Trust Project

Know more

  • Social Security

  • Four

  • Castilla la Mancha

  • Estremadura

  • Madrid's community

  • SEPE

  • Employment

  • ERTE

  • Unemployment