Deepen the structural reform of the agricultural supply side and take the road of promoting agriculture by quality (visiting the front line of rural revitalization)

  In Yongfeng Village, Meishan City, Sichuan Province, on the banks of the Minjiang River, Wang Yuanwei, a big grain grower, plunged into the golden rice waves and bent over to pick up a heavy bunch of rice ears. He couldn't hide his joy: "This year is another harvest year. Mu of land can produce more than 2,000 tons of grain.”

  In Yikongqiao Village, Weifang City, Shandong Province, on the shore of the Bohai Bay, Zhang Ping, secretary of the village party branch and chairman of the professional cooperative, walked into the granary, bent down and grabbed a handful of wheat grains, and said with a smile: "This is an expert from Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences guiding us. 'Jimai 44', the price per ton is 200 yuan higher than that of ordinary wheat."

  In Simola Wa Village, Tengchong City, Yunnan Province, villager Li Fashun's family restaurant has been renovated. Tourists come in droves. Li Fashun said while busy, "We have eaten a 'tourist meal', and the days are getting better."

  The vast rural land is full of pictures of high yields and increased income, full of new atmosphere of high-quality development of agriculture and rural areas.

  Industrial revitalization is the top priority of rural revitalization.

General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that we should deepen the structural reform of the agricultural supply side and take the road of promoting agriculture with quality.

  Keep in mind the entrustment, and work hard.

All localities closely focus on developing modern agriculture, build a rural industrial system, adjust and optimize the agricultural structure, promote the integrated development of the primary, secondary and tertiary industries in rural areas, promote the revitalization of rural industries, and promote affluent rural life.

Take ensuring the supply of important agricultural products, especially food, as the top priority

  In Zhanghuai Village, Jiuxian Town, Taihe County, Fuyang City, Anhui Province, Xu Congxiang, a 69-year-old grain grower, came to the field under the scorching sun to check the growth of corn and soybeans.

He pushed aside the tall corn stalk and showed a satisfied smile: "The stalk is even and strong, the grain is full, and it is a good harvest!"

  In recent years, the corn, wheat and soybeans planted by Xu Congxiang have repeatedly refreshed the per-unit yield record in Anhui Province.

What do you rely on for a good harvest and high yield?

"Good fields, good seeds and good methods are the key." Xu Congxiang smiled. "The demonstration field under my feet used to be sand and ginger black soil, which was low-lying and prone to waterlogging. After soil improvement and high-standard farmland construction, it is now a fertile and good field."

  In 2010, Xu Congxiang began to lead the villagers to establish a professional planting cooperative, transfer more than 1,000 mu of land, and cooperate with provincial and municipal academies of agricultural sciences to carry out field demonstrations of high-quality varieties.

  Under the influence of Xu Congxiang, his son Xu Jian switched from distributing agricultural materials to growing grains. After 1995, his grandson Xu Xudong returned to his hometown after graduating from university, and also followed in the footsteps of his grandfather to start farming.

  With careful planting and scientific management, Xu Congxiang's skin was getting darker and darker, and the grain output was getting higher and higher.

In the summer of 2022, the average yield of wheat per mu will exceed 800 kilograms, a new high.

He wrote a letter to General Secretary Xi Jinping to report the good news of the harvest.

  On June 27, 2022, General Secretary Xi Jinping replied to Xu Congxiang: "I am very happy to learn that the wheat grown by your family has a bumper harvest, and that your children and grandchildren have followed you in farming." In the reply, the General Secretary hoped to grow grain Large households have given full play to the advantages of large-scale operation and actively applied modern agricultural technology to drive the majority of small farmers to diversify and grow good grains, and together contribute to national food security.

  The professional cooperative signed a technical co-production contracting agreement with the villagers to drive the farmers in the village to plant more than 5,000 mu of grain crops in accordance with a unified model; it plans to lead the establishment of the Taihe County Large Grain Growers Association to promote the cooperation of large grain growers to research new varieties and exchange new technologies... Xu Congxiang said that after receiving the reply from the general secretary, everyone was more motivated, and they must have a variety of crops and good crops.

  General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that to implement the rural revitalization strategy, we must take ensuring the supply of important agricultural products, especially grain, as the primary task, and put the improvement of comprehensive agricultural production capacity in a more prominent position. in place.

  Yin Yin entrusted, inspiring people to forge ahead.

  In Yongfeng Village, Taihe Town, Dongpo District, Meishan City, Sichuan Province, rice waves are rolling in the chessboard-like fields.

"Look, Tian Chengfang and the canal are connected. Despite the high temperature and dry weather this year, experts measured production on the spot some time ago, and the actual yield per mu reached 780.2 kilograms." Li Xueping, Secretary of the Party Committee of Yongfeng Village, introduced.

  Yongfeng Village has built an area of ​​3,100 mu of high-standard farmland, with 1,500 mu of contiguous scale planting. It is the first in Sichuan to realize the whole process of mechanized production of rice "ploughing, planting, sowing and harvesting".

  On June 8, 2022, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized during his inspection and investigation in Yongfeng Village that the Chengdu Plain has been known as the "Land of Abundance" since ancient times. In the new era, we will build a higher-level "Tianfu Granary".

  Some time ago, Li Xueping had another identity - "Tian Chang".

He led 20 villagers to form a farmland patrol team to conduct regular inspections to help put the most stringent farmland protection system in place.

  In the fields of Yongfeng Village, especially in the critical growth period of rice, the villagers often see Ma Jun, a professor at Sichuan Agricultural University, busy.

Ma Jun led the team to take root here for 20 years, and wrote the paper on the land of "Tianfu Granary".

  Using key technologies such as sparse planting and strong seedlings, water and fertilizer coupling taught by Ma Jun, Wang Yuanwei's rice production increased by more than 10%.

Wang Yuanwei, who has tasted the sweetness, is very motivated and decisively expands the scale of planting, and the transferred land has expanded from less than 300 mu to more than 3,000 mu.

  Today's Yongfeng Village has built the largest pilot base for new rice varieties and new technologies in Sichuan Province.

The villagers rely on the fields to eat the fields, store grains in the technology, and work hard with the agricultural experts in the province, and the days are getting better and better.

  Thoroughly implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important instructions, take ensuring the effective supply of grain and important agricultural products as the primary task of the "three rural" work, thoroughly implement the strategy of "holding grain in the land and storing grain in technology", and continuously consolidate and improve grain production capacity. The heavy harvest answer sheet was handed over: the grain output has been stable at more than 1.3 trillion catties for seven consecutive years, and has reached a new level of 100 billion catties in 10 years.

It is necessary to ensure both quantity, variety and quality

  In Yikongqiao Village, Gaoli Street, Hanting District, Weifang City, Shandong Province, walking into the field after the wheat harvest, the interplanted corn and soybeans were lush and growing. Zhang Ping pushed aside the waist-high bean sprouts, and a bunch of pods jumped into view: "Look, this is the star variety 'Qihuang 34', with many pods and big pods."

  "Old Zhang did a good job!" Xu Ran, a fellow at the Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, walked into the center of the ground to check the growth of the bean sprouts, and nodded frequently.

He told reporters that "Qihuang 34" is a new soybean variety with high protein, high fat, high yield and wide adaptability. "In layman's terms, each pound of soybeans can squeeze two yuan more oil and three taels of tofu than ordinary soybeans."

  Planting high-quality new varieties will make the villagers in Yikongqiao Village have a sweeter smile and a bigger pocket.

  In 2014, Zhang Ping, who was doing business abroad, returned to her hometown.

At that time, the villagers planted common varieties of wheat, and the income was not high due to the family-by-household and single-person operation.

Zhang Ping led the establishment of a professional cooperative for crop planting of Huimin, and strived to make agricultural operations profitable.

  In 2018, Yikongqiao Village ushered in a major turning point.

At that time, the national high-quality wheat (strong-gluten wheat) demonstration area project was settled in the village, and the team of academician Zhao Zhendong of Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences came here to repeatedly compare 24 high-quality strong-gluten wheat varieties, select the best among the best, and finally choose to plant "Jimai 44" .

  In the flour processing workshop of the cooperative, Zhang Ping picked up a handful of wheat grains and introduced to the reporter: "Look, the grains are full, the color is bright, the quality is good, and the appearance is good. The purchase price per ton is 200 yuan higher than that of the wheat we planted before. , grain merchants are rushing to harvest, and farmers are rushing to plant.”

  As the yield per mu has climbed from 800 to more than 1,300 jin, the planting area of ​​"Jimai 44" has expanded from 1,800 mu to more than 10,000 mu, and Yikongqiao Village has become a well-known high-quality wheat demonstration planting area in the country.

  Seeing the benefits brought by the new varieties, Yikongqiao Village accelerated the pace of structural adjustment.

"The cooperative planted 600 mu of 'Qihuang 34' soybeans last year, and this year it has grown to 1,000 mu. Next year, it plans to add another 500 mu." Zhang Ping said that whether it is wheat or soybeans, high quality leads to high prices.

  Quality is benefit and quality is competitiveness.

General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized: "At present, the food consumption structure of urban and rural residents is constantly upgrading. In the future, to ensure the supply of agricultural products, it is necessary to ensure not only quantity, but also diversity and quality." Excellence, quality improvement, brand building and standardized production.”

  Highlight the greening, high-quality, specialization, and branding of agriculture, and the road to promoting agriculture with quality is getting wider and wider in the vast fields.

  The two mountains are facing each other, and the green color catches the eye. Rows of greenhouses flashed outside the car window. Jinmi Village, Xiaoling Town, Zhashui County, Shaanxi Province arrived.

In April 2020, during an inspection in Jinmi Village, General Secretary Xi Jinping walked into the live broadcast platform and praised the local specialty Zhashui fungus - "small fungus, big industry".

  For more than two years, the folks have worked hard to build a large scale, a long chain, and a strong brand.

  Zhashui County introduced the technical team of Li Yu, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and a professor of Jilin Agricultural University, to build an academician workstation, and developed 5 high-quality black fungus demonstration strains with strong adaptability, high planting yield, and good promotion prospects, and successfully cultivated Yu fungus. , golden fungus and other rare edible fungi.

"Zhashui black fungus sells for 35 yuan per catty, while jade fungus and golden fungus can sell for 80 yuan and 150 yuan per catty respectively." said Li Zhengsen, secretary of the party branch of Jinmi Village.

  Walking into a fungus smart greenhouse, I saw that the villagers were using ropes to wear and hang the fungus bags on the steel frame like they were wearing candied haws.

"This is the second season of fungus this year, and the fungus will grow in another half a month." Villager Zhao Qin said that the fungus used to be "soaked" in the ground. Now, you can use your mobile phone to keep track of the temperature and humidity in the shed at any time. Key information, remote monitoring of fungus growth, and remote control for ventilation, shading, irrigation, etc.

  Growing fungus is getting easier, but the quality requirements are getting stricter.

At the Jinmi Village Exhibition and Sales Center, pick up a pack of fungus, scan the QR code, and see the information on planting, picking, drying, sorting, testing, packaging, etc. at a glance.

Since last year, Zhashui County has formulated and released the standards of Zhashui fungus products and technical regulations, and established and improved the quality traceability and testing system of fungus.

"We're going to polish the golden name card of the tussah fungus more and more brightly," Li Zhengsen said.

  Focusing on the market to adjust structure and varieties, and focus on improving quality and efficiency, new momentum for agricultural development has been continuously released.

In recent years, the varieties of "rice bags" and "vegetable baskets" have become more diverse, marshmallow gum has developed steadily, meat, eggs, milk, aquatic products, fruit and vegetable teas have been supplied abundantly; quality has been continuously optimized and upgraded, and the pass rate of routine monitoring of agricultural product quality and safety has remained stable at 97%. % or more, more and more green and high-quality agricultural products are placed on the table of the people.

Through production and sales, integrating agriculture, culture and tourism, and promoting the development and growth of rural industries

  "Everyone, this is the star variety of Maozhu Mountain Village - Lanyu grapes. It's the sweetest time. If you want to eat it, hurry up and place an order..." Standing in the vineyard, Wang Jianzheng, who was broadcasting live, was talking to the screen of his mobile phone. .

  In Maozhushan Natural Village, Nanyi Village, Caiwan Town, Quanzhou County, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, August is the grape picking season. More and more villagers, like Wang Jianzheng, have become Internet anchors, selling their grapes to netizens everywhere.

  In Maozhushan Village, almost every household has a vineyard. The average annual output of grapes in the village exceeds 1 million catties, and the per capita annual income is 35,000 yuan.

E-commerce live broadcast is a microcosm of the cultivation of new industries and new formats in Maozhushan Village.

  In April 2021, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized during his inspection in Maozhushan Village that to comprehensively promote rural revitalization, we must base ourselves on characteristic resources, adhere to the development of agriculture through science and technology, develop new industries and new formats such as rural tourism and leisure agriculture according to local conditions, and integrate production and sales, and integrate agriculture. Cultural tourism promotes the development and growth of rural industries and allows farmers to share more of the value-added benefits of the industry.

  The cadres and masses of Maozhushan Village kept in mind the general secretary's entrustment and promoted the development of the industry into the fast lane.

  At noon, the reporter met Xie Duorong, a courier at the entrance of the village.

While busy packing, he introduced: "We have set up a special delivery point here, picking up the goods twice a day, so I can't be too busy."

  "I used to wait for fruit merchants to come to buy it, but now I sell a part of it through the e-commerce platform, and the price has doubled." Wang Jianzheng said.

  The increasingly popular grapes have fueled tourism in Maozhushan Village. In 2021, the village will receive more than 300,000 tourists.

There are 36 farmhouses and canteens in the village, and the business is booming.

  At present, Nanyi Village is building a modern agricultural industry demonstration park, planning to build a homestay style experience area, an ecological scenery experience area, an agricultural product trading service center and other projects.

"We take advantage of the proximity of the Red Army's Long March Xiangjiang Campaign Memorial Park to develop new industries and new formats such as ecological agriculture, leisure picking, and tourism, create a rural tourism brand, and continue to expand rural industries." said Wang Junrong, secretary of the Party Branch of Nanyi Village.

  Nowadays, the countryside is no longer a place solely engaged in agriculture, but also has an important ecological conservation function, a desirable leisure and sightseeing function, and a unique cultural experience function.

  Explore new functions and new values, cultivate new industries and new formats, create new carriers and new models, and activate the endogenous power of rural development.

  Surrounded by green mountains, towering ancient trees and gurgling streams, Smola Wa Village in Zhongzhai, Sanjia Village, Qingshui Township, Tengchong City, Yunnan Province is a village with a history of more than 500 years.

  In June 2020, the Smola Rural Tourism Professional Cooperative was established, and all 73 households in the Smola Wa Village took shares.

Zhao Jiaqing, deputy mayor of Qingshui Township and secretary of the general party branch of Sanjia Village, introduced that over the past two years, the cooperative has launched the comprehensive development project of Happy Wa Township, connecting the seven lanes of Smola into a tour path, and implanting rice cakes, Wa paintings, and Wa people respectively. Clothing, beverages, tea art and other different characteristic formats have formed one lane and one characteristic, and built a happy restaurant, a rice cake factory, a specialty snack street, etc.

  Protective development, traditional villages are rejuvenated.

The village gates shaded by green trees, the clean and tidy volcanic stone roads, the newly renovated folk culture exhibition hall, the farmhouses with yellow walls and black tiles, and the pillars of the bull head totem can be seen everywhere... Walking into the stockade, the rich Wa customs blows on your face. Come.

  The Wa Village has undergone great changes, with richer experiences and a new space for development.

In the past, the village organized tea planting, but it was never able to open a market, and the villagers regarded the tea tree as a burden.

Now, the cooperative has cooperated with the Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences to develop the "Smola series" of characteristic agricultural products, making the agricultural products into souvenirs, and making delicate black tea from bulk tea bags, and the price has increased several times.

  In the past, the villagers Meng's family left their family of three to work outside, and their life was dull.

Today, the Meng family is working at the Happy Restaurant, his wife sets up a stall in the specialty snack street, and his son drives a sightseeing car in the scenic spot. The family's annual income exceeds 150,000 yuan.

  "In 2021, the per capita disposable income of Smola Wa Village will be 18,860 yuan, an increase of 7,412 yuan over 2019," Zhao Jiaqing said.

  Smola means "happy place" in Wa language.

At the entrance of the Wa village of Smola, under the sun, the red characters "Make a happy place happier" are particularly dazzling.

  Pastoral gardens have become parks, farm houses have become guest rooms, and labor has become an experience... Looking at the country, rural industries are booming, the agricultural product processing and circulation industry is accelerating the transformation and upgrading, and new formats such as leisure tourism and e-commerce live broadcasts are emerging, making the life of the rural people more prosperous.

  (Reporters Wang Mingfeng, Han Junjie, Gong Shijian, Li Maoying, and Li Zong participated in the collection and writing)

  Our reporter Hou Linliang Xiao Jiaxin Qiang Yu Wen