"Three Autumn" production is smooth and a bumper harvest of autumn grain is in sight
"Three Autumn" production is smooth and a bumper harvest of autumn grain is in sight
The agricultural situation dispatch of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs on September 29 shows that 396 million mu of autumn grain has been harvested nationwide, 30.3% completed, and the progress is 1.7 percentage points faster than that of the previous year, and a bumper harvest is in sight.
The executive meeting of the State Council held a few days ago pointed out that from the perspective of autumn grain, the annual grain output can achieve the goal of more than 1.3 trillion kilograms.
At present, it is the critical period of autumn management, autumn harvest, and autumn planting. All localities are doing a good job in the late stage management of autumn grains, harvesting autumn grains from south to north, starting autumn grain purchases in a timely manner, and actively implementing autumn and winter planting areas.
Do a good job in field management in the later stage of autumn grain
This year is the first year of large-scale promotion of soybean and corn ribbon compound planting.
The reporter learned from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs that there are more than 40,000 new business entities in 1,047 counties in 16 provinces actively promoting the compound planting of soybean and corn strips, and the compound planting area nationwide has reached more than 15 million mu.
From the field survey, soybean and corn are growing well, and it is expected to achieve the expected goal of "basically unchanged corn and increasing soybeans for one season".
In the fields of Yang Xianquan, a large grain grower in Liangjia Town, Yucheng City, Shandong Province, the corn is full of fruits and the beans are packed with pods, which can be harvested soon.
Yang Xianquan said that in the past, only corn was planted. This year, the combined planting of soybean and corn has basically not reduced the production of corn.
Rao Quanqin, deputy director of Yucheng Agriculture and Rural Affairs Bureau, introduced that Yucheng has explored the compound planting of soybean and corn strips. This year, 134,600 mu of soybeans were planted, accounting for 10% of Shandong Province.
The city has also built 10,000 mu of municipal demonstration parks, 10 towns and streets each built 1,000 mu of demonstration farms, and all administrative villages have built 200 mu of demonstration fields. 11 technical service guidance groups have been established to carry out "nanny services" in the fields.
In Muchong Village, Chishan Town, Shangli County, Pingxiang City, Jiangxi Province, Zeng Qihua, a 53-year-old large grain grower, ushered in the rice harvest.
This year, the 1,400 mu of arable land he has transferred has had a bumper harvest.
Zeng Qihua said that in addition to the grain planting subsidies and agricultural machinery purchase subsidies clearly stipulated by the state, the town also provides an additional subsidy of 70 to 100 yuan per mu, and there are special subsidies for centralized seedling breeding.
From farming to harvesting, most of the links have been mechanized, and even spraying pesticides is a drone operation.
High-standard farmland is built uniformly in the county, and the agricultural department has technical guidance. The harvested grain can be sold to the processing factory in the town or the storage center in the county.
After the autumn harvest, he plans to plant another crop of rapeseed.
According to the analysis of the Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of Hebei Province, the autumn grains in the province are currently growing well. Combined with the actual harvest of summer grains, it is comprehensively analyzed that this year will be a bumper year.
"Since late June, the precipitation in Hebei Province has generally been high, and the climatic conditions are generally favorable for the production of autumn grains. There is a foundation and hope for a bumper harvest." The person in charge of the Hebei Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said that at present, there are uncertainties in meteorological disasters and cannot be Don't take it lightly, but also do a good job in equipment preparation and operator training to ensure that the autumn grain harvest is in the right season.
Pan Wenbo, director of the Planting Industry Management Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said that during the critical period of autumn grain production, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs formulated and issued 6 technical guidelines for rice resistance to high temperature and heat damage in the south, and corn resistance to high temperature and drought. The guidance working group, 10 expert guidance groups and 12 scientific and technological teams have mobilized grass-roots agricultural technicians to take root in front-line guidance services.
He said that it is necessary to do a good job of field management in the later stage of autumn grain, strengthen classification guidance, and implement key measures to prevent disasters, reduce disasters, stabilize production and increase production.
Harvest acquisitions unfold gradually
Recently, Shandong Province held a contest to reduce the loss of corn machine harvest.
The operators drove the Lovol Valley Harvester into the work area, the tall plants turned into full corn cobs in an instant, and the referee immediately entered the field to evaluate the damage reduction effect.
According to the relevant person in charge of Weichai Lovol, it is necessary to adjust the driving speed at any time and adjust the harvesting height at any time, which requires higher requirements for the harvester.
In recent years, domestic high-end agricultural machinery products such as high-horsepower tractors, unmanned agricultural machinery, and large grain harvesters have formed a matrix, and agricultural machinery and equipment have accelerated to develop towards intelligence.
At present, corn has basically achieved mechanized harvesting, which has advantages in efficiency, loss reduction, and cost savings compared with manual harvesting.
Wang Jiayun, deputy director of the Agricultural Mechanization Management Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said that during the "Three Autumns" this year, it is expected that various agricultural machinery will be invested in various regions to reach 30 million units (sets), and the yield rates of rice, corn and soybeans will exceed 94%, 80%, and 82% respectively. %, the machine-sowing rate of wheat exceeds 93%, and the level of mechanization of rape planting and harvesting of crops such as potatoes, peanuts, cotton, and sugarcane has been further improved.
All localities should learn from the production experience of this year's "Three Summers" and do a good job in ensuring the smooth flow of agricultural machinery.
At the same time, strengthen the construction of grain drying capacity, increase the supply of drying operation services, further tap the potential for loss reduction, and strive to return autumn grain particles to the warehouse.
With the accelerated harvest of autumn grains, this year's acquisition work has been put on the agenda.
"This year, the state will continue to implement the minimum purchase price policy for middle and late rice in the main producing areas. The minimum purchase price of middle and late indica rice and japonica rice is 1.29 yuan and 1.31 yuan per catty respectively. It is estimated that this year's autumn grain season will purchase about 185 million tons, which is roughly the same as the normal level. Quite." Qin Yuyun, a spokesman for the State Grain and Material Reserve Bureau, said that the listing of autumn grains will be closely tracked, and market-oriented and policy-based acquisitions will be carefully organized.
COFCO is the largest agri-food enterprise in my country.
Since September, COFCO's corn purchases in Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia and other places, rice purchases and processing in Jilin, Liaoning and other places, and peanut purchases in Hebei, Shandong and other places have been progressing in an orderly manner.
Up to now, preparations for autumn grain purchase funds, warehouse capacity, and personnel have been completed, so that "money waits for grain, warehouse waits for grain, and people wait for grain".
COFCO has widely deployed purchasing and storage sites in the main corn-producing areas. There are a total of 315 warehouses in the Northeast Region, with sufficient purchasing capacity, warehouse capacity and railway shipping capacity.
With the launch of the new corn season, the purchase of new grains in various regions has been started one after another.
Orderly planning for autumn and winter
As the autumn grains are gradually opened, the arrangement of autumn and winter planting is also carried out in an orderly manner.
Zhang Hongqi, director of the Shandong Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said that Shandong has included the task of grain sown area into the performance assessment of city and county party and government leaders and leading cadres to promote the rural revitalization strategy, and implemented incentives for large grain-producing counties and subsidies for arable land protection to strengthen farmers and benefit farmers. policy.
At present, there are many favorable conditions to ensure the increase in the sown area of wheat. Returning forests to farmland ensures the increase of arable land, and the rise in wheat prices ensures that the grain is profitable. The overall good moisture content ensures that it can be planted. steadily increased.
Lu Shiren, director of the Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of Anhui Province, said that this year's autumn and winter planting in the province will ensure that 42.8 million mu of wheat and 6.9 million mu of rapeseed will be planted, and the area will not be less than the previous year.
A total of more than 400 million yuan has been allocated across Anhui, focusing on promoting the single-variety consolidation system and large-scale planting of special wheat and high-quality rapeseed.
It is estimated that the area of high-quality special wheat in the province will reach more than 32 million mu, accounting for 75%.
"Hunan has assigned the task of planting rapeseed in autumn and winter to cities and prefectures, and decomposed them layer by layer." Yuan Yanwen, director of the Hunan Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said that in order to achieve the goal of planting expansion, Hunan is focusing on improving the comprehensive benefits of the rapeseed industry.
On the one hand, increase brand cultivation, promote the construction of a regional public brand of "Hunan Rapeseed Oil", and achieve "good oil at a good price".
On the other hand, promote the development of clusters, do a good job in the construction of national-level industrial clusters of early-maturing rapeseed, promote the "company + base + farmer" model, and create a "one enterprise, one piece, one type" rapeseed standardization base.
The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said that all localities should make the expansion of rapeseed as the focus of this autumn and winter planting, and make good use of policies such as incentives and social services in oil-producing counties.
Solve the problems of rapeseed production one by one, organize the promotion of a batch of high-oil "double-low" varieties and early-maturing varieties, accelerate the popularization and application of suitable agricultural machinery such as rapeseed seedlings in blankets, mechanical planting and transplanting, and support entities of various scales to undertake more tasks of plant expansion .