Oil and gas simultaneously ensure national energy security

  Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, in the face of new changes in the energy supply and demand pattern and new trends in international energy development, the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core has put forward the "Four Revolutions, One Cooperation" energy security strategy to provide high-quality energy development in the new era. indicated the direction.

  Over the past ten years, the oil industry has used its strong operational capabilities, capital capabilities and innovation capabilities to continuously improve the supply capacity and quality of energy products in accordance with the requirements of the Party Central Committee, and to explore new solutions for the global energy transition.

The past ten years have witnessed the greatest progress and changes of Chinese petroleum enterprises. The strength of the enterprises has been continuously enhanced, and the innovation ability has been continuously improved. The road of innovation and green development.

  Injecting innovation and development momentum

  In recent years, global industrial transformation has been advancing rapidly, and disruptive technologies in the oil and gas field have been continuously nurtured, formed and developed.

The oil industry focuses on improving my country's energy security capabilities, continuously promotes high-level self-reliance and self-reliance in energy technology, and increases the integration of big data, cloud computing, artificial intelligence and other information industries with traditional technologies, and injects new momentum into the sustainable development of the industry.

  After more than 60 years of construction, many oilfields in my country have entered a bottleneck period of development.

Taking Daqing Oilfield as an example, after years of high-efficiency development, the oilfield has entered a stage of high water cut and high production, with multiple wells and low production, and the remaining oil is highly dispersed.

Other fields face the same conundrum.

Changqing Oilfield, the largest oil and gas field in my country, is a typical low-permeability, low-pressure and low-abundance "three-low" oil and gas field in the world. Known as the "whetstone".

  The good meat has been eaten, and the rest are hard bones.

For enterprises, only by grasping innovation can they hold the "bull nose" of high-quality development of enterprises.

  Facing the reality of high water cut, Daqing Oilfield has overcome various complex technical problems, leading the world in core technologies such as water flooding, polymer flooding, and compound flooding. Percentage points; the application of ASP flooding technology has made my country the largest tertiary oil recovery base in the world.

  Facing the exploration and development problems of world-class "three lows" oil and gas reservoirs and the complex external environment, Changqing Oilfield independently developed the multi-fracture fracturing stimulation technology, invented the low-cost surface gathering and transportation technology and skid-mounted integrated device, which contributed to the economic development of tight oil. The development has created a low-cost and intensive development path.

  While breaking through bottlenecks through independent innovation, Chinese oil companies have focused on key technical areas such as clean oil quality upgrades and domestic catalysts, and have developed a number of major achievements that have reached the international advanced level and have promotion value and economic benefits.

New breakthroughs have been made in the research and development of high-end lubricants, and Kunlun Lubricating high-speed rail gearbox oil has been officially applied to the first “Fuxing” EMU in China; the 10-million-ton oil refining technology has achieved leapfrog development, and the technology share of main production units has reached 80%. %; The complete set of clean gasoline production technology of National V/National VI standard has strongly supported the national oil product quality upgrade project and won the battle to defend the clear water and blue sky; the "one-million-ton ethane-to-ethylene complete technology" has been successfully applied, and the key technical indicators have reached International advanced level...

  During the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, only PetroChina applied for more than 30,000 patents, of which the number of invention patents and authorized patents increased by 10.6 and 15.1 percentage points respectively compared with the "12th Five-Year Plan" period.

Leading the formulation and revision of 27 international standards and advanced foreign standards, which is 3.5 times that of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, and the contribution rate of China's petroleum science and technology progress has reached 61%.

  Green and low carbon into development consensus

  In January 2020, the National Energy Administration and the Ministry of Natural Resources agreed to establish the Jimsar National Continental Shale Oil Demonstration Zone in Xinjiang, which is the first national continental shale oil demonstration zone in China, with an estimated resource reserve of 1.112 billion Ton.

  During this year's Winter Olympics, Sinopec plans to build four hydrogen refueling stations in the two major areas of the Beijing Winter Olympics, Chongli and Yanqing, to provide clean energy for the Winter Olympics.

  Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, my country has further promoted the energy consumption revolution and accelerated the transformation of energy use methods. Oil companies have actively implemented the concept of "lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets", firmly followed the path of green and low-carbon development, and promoted "oil" to "oil". "Oil and gas" transformation, continue to strengthen the coordinated development of oil and gas and new energy and new businesses, and the integrated development of wind, solar, gas and electricity, and strive to build a new pattern of multi-energy complementation.

  Taking PetroChina as an example, the company is actively committed to transforming from an oil and gas supplier to a comprehensive energy service provider, incorporating "green and low-carbon" into the company's five major strategies, and clarified the three-step overall deployment of "clean replacement, strategic replacement, and green transformation". Wind, solar, heat, electricity, and hydrogen have implemented a number of new energy projects and embarked on an oil path under the "two-carbon" commitment.

  The data shows that with the formulation and implementation of the "Seven-Year Action Plan" for the oil and gas industry to increase reserves and production, from 2019 to 2021, crude oil production continued to rebound, and the output steadily rose to nearly 200 million tons; from 2017 to 2021, natural gas continued The annual increase in production exceeds 10 billion cubic meters, and the output in 2021 will reach 207.6 billion cubic meters, an increase of 87.7% over 2012 and an average annual increase of 7.2%.

  The largest shale gas production base in my country at present, the shale gas base in southern Sichuan, after more than ten years of exploration and practice, a "trillion-trillion reserve, tens of billions of production" shale gas area will be built in 2020; The shale gas field has created a Chinese model for the large-scale, rapid, efficient and green development of shale gas.

In western China, Yumen Oilfield, known as the "cradle of new China's petroleum industry", has adjusted its development strategy to "simultaneous development of oil and gas, multi-energy drive". By the end of December 2021, a 200-megawatt photovoltaic power station will be rapidly built put into operation.

  Under the guidance of the "dual carbon" goal, new breakthroughs have been made in carbon reduction technology in the oil industry.

In 2012, Jilin Oilfield carried out the carbon dioxide flooding full life cycle expansion test at the small well spacing in the north of Hei 79, and constructed the carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) process.

In June this year, the first phase of the 200,000-ton CCUS industrialization promotion and application of Jilin Oilfield entered the stage of on-site implementation, and the first full-industry-chain and full-process CCUS-EOR demonstration project in China was built.

The project is the only Chinese project among the 21 large-scale CCUS projects in operation around the world, and the largest EOR project in Asia, with an annual oil production capacity of 100,000 tons and an annual carbon dioxide storage capacity of 350,000 tons.

  Deepening reforms to stimulate lasting vitality

  In the past decade, the international energy prices have fluctuated violently, and the development of new energy has been surging, and China's oil industry has faced profound changes in the internal and external environment.

In response to these changes, with the goal of ensuring national energy security and the starting point of deepening reforms, the oil industry has vigorously promoted three institutional reforms, accelerated the transformation of operating mechanisms, focused on improving corporate governance efficiency, and stimulated lasting vitality for steady growth.

  Low oil prices strike, what should I do if the losses increase?

Deepening the supply-side structural reform has further pointed out the direction for the transformation and development of the oil industry.

Major oil companies follow the law of enterprise development, focus on oil and gas, consolidate capital and open up new ones, strengthen their main business, adjust structure, control investment, and continue to “slim down and keep fit”.

Liaoyang Petrochemical optimizes the structure of the plant, digs deep into the connotation of benefits, and gets rid of the hat of 12 years of losses in one fell swoop; Jilin Chemical Construction of Huanqiu Engineering promotes the market-oriented operation of the project and realizes the turnaround from losses to profits; Bohai Equipment integrates and shuts down the offshore manufacturing business, stopping the company's largest The bleeding point... During the "13th Five-Year Plan" period alone, PetroChina shut down 9 small refineries successively, eliminated more than 11 million tons of outdated production capacity, and completed the governance of 79 zombie enterprises. The efficiency increase exceeded 31 billion yuan.

  The establishment of the National Petroleum and Natural Gas Pipeline Network Group Co., Ltd. is one of the most important and fundamental reform measures in the reform of the oil and gas system in recent years.

In March 2019, the "Implementation Opinions on the Reform of the Oil and Gas Pipeline Network Operation Mechanism" was reviewed and approved, emphasizing the need to promote the reform of the oil and gas pipeline network operation mechanism, improve the allocation efficiency of oil and gas resources, and ensure the safe and stable supply of oil and gas. This is the clarion call for the reform of the pipeline network operation mechanism. blow.

On December 9, 2019, the National Pipeline Network Company was officially established to build a "national network" to realize the interconnection of long-distance oil and gas pipelines, better ensure national energy security, and promote the high-quality development of the oil and gas industry.

  In the past ten years, the oil industry has continued to move forward on the road of building a world-class comprehensive international energy company. Millions of oil people have overcome difficulties, climbed to the peak in the process of realizing scientific and technological self-reliance and self-reliance, and strived to "come on" for the motherland to realize its century-old dream. .

  Qi Hui