China News Service, Beijing, September 28

Question : How does China bridge the "digital divide"?

  Reporter Song Yusheng

  The two elderly people sat happily on the stone sill at the head of the village, held up their mobile phones high, and made a video call with their relatives far away.

  In the National Museum of China's "Century Changes - Sculpture Exhibition", a sculpture called "5G Era" records the specific moments of contemporary Chinese rural digital life.

  In the past ten years, in the vast countryside of China, such scenes of digitally connecting family relationships have become more and more common.

This is inseparable from China's continuous efforts to bridge the "digital divide".

"Broadband for every village, 5G for every county"

  "Compared to cities, the construction of rural Internet infrastructure is our shortcoming. We must increase investment, speed up the pace of rural Internet construction, and expand the effective coverage of optical fiber networks and broadband networks in rural areas." General Secretary Xi Jinping has great views on promoting rural Internet development. Deeply missed and ardently hopeful.

  Dulongjiang Township in Yunnan is the main settlement of the Dulong people.

It is deep in the canyon and the natural conditions are very harsh.

In the early days of the founding of New China, the Dulong people "crossed the millennium in one step" and directly transitioned from the end of the primitive society to the socialist society.

  When the world has entered the digital age, can the Dulong people keep up with the times?

This question now has an answer.

  In July 2022, 6 administrative villages in Dulongjiang Township will achieve full 5G network coverage.

Products of the digital age, such as e-commerce and live streaming, are gradually being integrated into the daily life of the people in Dulongjiang Township.

  From the last century when communication relied on climbing mountains and mountains, to "shooting and sending messages", and then to the opening of mobile communication networks in this century... Now, Dulongjiang Township has entered the digital age, and people are also playing live broadcasts, bringing goods and opening local schools. Taking information technology classes, seeing a doctor, and realizing telemedicine consultation...

  Dulongjiang Township is just a microcosm of China's rural development.

In the past ten years, China's information infrastructure has achieved leapfrog development, and the world's largest optical fiber and mobile broadband network has been built. The country has achieved "broadband access to every village", "5G access to counties and counties" and "gigabit access to cities and cities".

  In 2021, the average download rate of fixed broadband in my country will be 62.55Mbit/s, an increase of 16.7 times compared with 2013; the average download rate of mobile broadband will be 59.34Mbit/s, an increase of 4.0 times compared with 2016.

The network speed has been greatly improved, which has played a supporting role in improving the quality of life of the masses and reducing costs and increasing efficiency of enterprises.

"Let people run less errands and run more data"

  At the same time as the Internet speed has increased, the communication tariff has dropped.

  Since the first proposal of "speeding up and lowering fees" in 2015, my country has successively cancelled domestic long-distance roaming fees and data "roaming" fees for mobile phones. The average tariff per unit bandwidth of fixed broadband and mobile network traffic has dropped by more than 95%. The average bandwidth tariff has dropped by more than 70%, and various tariff reduction measures have benefited more than 1 billion users annually, with a cumulative profit of more than 700 billion yuan.

  "To satisfy the people's yearning for a better life as the starting point and end point of digital government construction, create a ubiquitous, smart, convenient, fair and inclusive digital service system, so that people run less errands and data run more." 2022 This was pointed out at the 25th meeting of the Central Committee for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms held on April 19.

  The data shows that the national integrated government service platform has more than 1 billion real-name users, and has gathered more than 10,000 high-frequency application standardized services.

  As of the end of 2021, among provincial-level administrative licensing matters, the average commitment time limit has been reduced by more than 50%, the proportion of online approval and "zero running" has reached 56.36%, and 90.5% of the items have been accepted online and "run at most once".

  The "Digital China Development Report (2021)" issued by the State Internet Information Office pointed out that my country's e-government online service index has risen to 9th in the world, and "hand-held office" and "fingertip office" have become standard for government services in various places. "One-stop Office" and "Trans-provincial Office" have achieved positive results.

"Use it, use it, use it well"

  People should not only "use and afford" information services, but also "use them well".

  Xi Jinping emphasized, "We must adapt to the expectations and needs of the people, speed up the popularization of informatization services, reduce application costs, and provide the common people with useful, affordable, and useful information services, so that hundreds of millions of people can share the fruits of Internet development. More gain."

  In recent years, the anti-aging and barrier-free renovation of Internet applications has been carried out in depth.

As of June 2022, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has organized and completed the aging-friendly and barrier-free transformation and evaluation of 452 websites and APPs, constantly meeting the application needs of the elderly and the disabled, and helping special groups to share informatization results. Make smart life warm and barrier-free.

  Since the launch of the National Smart Education Platform in March 2022, the supply of various high-quality digital resources has continued to expand, and the number of views has continued to increase.

As of the beginning of September, the total number of page views was nearly 4 billion, and the total number of visitors was about 600 million.

  In 2022, a unified national medical insurance information platform will be established.

The platform covers 14 subsystems, including payment methods, cross-provincial medical treatment, public services, and procurement of medicines and medical consumables, effectively covering about 400,000 designated medical institutions and about 400,000 designated retail pharmacies, providing high-quality services to 1.36 billion insured persons. health care services.

  The essence of the network lies in interconnection, and the value of information lies in intercommunication.

When more and more "agriculture, rural areas and farmers" bloggers appear on Chinese short video platforms, and the elderly skillfully use mobile phones to chat and shop... All these are testimony to China's efforts to bridge the "digital divide" over the past decade.