Original title: Extreme weather frequently "patrons", "roasted" to ask workers' rights protection (theme)

  Experts suggest that the labor protection system in extreme weather should be improved to "shield the wind and rain" for workers (subtitle)

  Worker's Daily - Gao Zili, reporter from zhonggong.com

  Since the beginning of this year, extreme weather has continued to attract attention.

The weather in some areas is complex and changeable, and even the occurrence of "ice and fire", droughts and floods alternate frequently, which brings great inconvenience to the work and life of employees, especially the safety and health of employees working outdoors. being threatened.

Experts suggest that the labor protection system in extreme weather should be improved to "shield the wind and rain" for workers.

Extreme weather "patrons", operation safety is a hidden concern

  In recent years, extreme weather such as high temperature, heavy rainfall and typhoon has frequently "patronized" many parts of the country.

The reporter combed and found that cases of extreme weather causing injuries to employees are not uncommon.

  Since the beginning of summer this year, the regional high temperature weather has continued, and the highest temperature in some places has even exceeded 40 degrees Celsius. There are frequent reports of workers suffering from heat stroke or even unfortunate deaths due to high temperature work.

In July, the Affiliated Hospital of Chuanbei Medical College, Nanchong City, Sichuan Province received 2 consecutive cases of heat stroke patients, all of whom were outdoor workers; on July 12, a decoration worker in Nanjing suffered dizziness and frequent vomiting after working for 4 consecutive hours. He entered the emergency room of Zidong District, Jiangsu Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine and was diagnosed with heat stroke.

  Extremely cold weather also poses a threat to workers.

In December 2020, an outdoor worker with frostbite was admitted to the Second Burn Ward of the Fifth Hospital of Harbin, Heilongjiang Province. After diagnosis, the patient's injuries were serious and he was at risk of amputation.

  In addition, the work safety of workers in typhoon weather has also attracted much attention.

  In June 2020, a once-in-a-decade typhoon landed in Anda City, Suihua City, Heilongjiang Province. The typhoon overturned the prefabricated house where worker Liu lived at the construction site, causing him to be injured; a few days ago, in Dianbai, Maoming City, Guangdong Province After the typhoon "Siamba" made landfall, a video of workers trapped in a tower crane made countless netizens worry about the safety of the trapped workers.

In extreme weather, how is the attendance of office workers calculated?

  "In extreme weather, does not go to work count as absenteeism?" The reporter found during random interviews on the street that office workers are generally concerned about attendance in extreme weather.

  The reporter searched and found that some places have issued relevant emergency regulations or plans to guide people's production and life under extreme weather.

  Among them, Article 29 of the Measures for the Prevention of Meteorological Disasters of Shanghai stipulates: “When red warning signals for typhoons, rainstorms, blizzards and road icing are issued, the employer shall provide the on-the-job staff with necessary hedging measures; Staff who miss work due to severe weather shall not be late or absent from work.”

  In addition, the Henan Provincial Meteorological Information Service Regulations, which Henan Province plans to implement by the end of this year, also clearly stipulates: "During the period when the warning signals of red meteorological disasters such as rainstorms, blizzards, and high temperatures are in effect, the relevant departments of the people's governments at or above the county level shall take measures in accordance with relevant regulations. Suspension of work, school, business, traffic control, closure of tourist attractions, forced evacuation of people and other preventive measures.”

  It is worth noting that some places have given specific opinions on certain types of extreme weather conditions in combination with the actual local meteorological conditions.

For example, in Article 20 of the "Guangdong Meteorological Disaster Prevention Regulations" and the second paragraph of Article 28 of the "Guangzhou Meteorological Disaster Prevention Regulations", it is clearly stipulated that when typhoons are yellow, orange, red or rainstorm red warning signals During the effective period, the employer shall, as appropriate, arrange for staff to delay work, leave work early or stop work.

  Ren Guoyou, deputy dean of the School of Safety Engineering, China Institute of Labor Relations, said that according to the above-mentioned regulations, when the relevant departments have issued a red warning signal for meteorological conditions, workers can apply to the employer to work from home to avoid risks, and the employer shall not be treated as absenteeism.

Improve labor protection in extreme weather

  "Although some places have issued regulations, the coverage is still small, and the identification conditions are relatively harsh." Ren Guoyou said that taking Shanghai as an example, if the red warning level stipulated in the "Shanghai Meteorological Disaster Prevention Measures" is not reached However, extreme weather such as instantaneous strong winds and short-term heavy rainfall will still have an impact on the travel of office workers. Once workers are late for this, whether their wages will be deducted depends on the rules and regulations of the unit. The law does not clearly stipulate this.

  It is reported that my country's meteorological disaster warning signals are divided into four colors: blue, yellow, orange, and red, corresponding to the degree of harm and urgency that may be caused by meteorological disasters. Blue is level 4 (general) and red is level 1 (especially serious). ).

  Ren Guoyou pointed out that at present, whether at the national or local level, there are only principled labor laws and no specific rules for protecting the rights and interests of workers in extreme weather. An early warning mechanism for extreme weather should also be established as soon as possible.

  Ren Guoyou also said that under severe weather conditions, we hope that the company's attendance system will be more humane and warm, and that employees who are late due to special weather conditions will be more tolerant and understanding.

  The reporter noticed that some places have launched specific measures to strengthen labor protection in extreme weather.

For example, Jinan City, Shandong Province issued a document that when the temperature exceeds 35 degrees Celsius, it will "fuse" outdoor work for 5 hours to prevent sanitation workers from heat stroke due to high temperature work; in winter, snow removal "artifacts" such as snow blowers and snow blowers are also used in sanitation operations. In order to reduce the labor intensity of sanitation workers and prevent frostbite.