The establishment of autonomous driving norms needs to be accelerated

  Qi Hui

  Autonomous driving technology is the way of the future.

Autonomous driving is divided into conditional autonomous driving, highly autonomous driving and fully autonomous driving, and taking different safety measures will effectively guide people's expectations and avoid misunderstandings.

  Recently, the Ministry of Transport issued the "Guidelines for Transportation Safety Services for Autonomous Vehicles (Trial)" (Draft for Comments) to solicit public opinions.

On the same day, Chongqing and Wuhan released the pilot policy of fully unmanned commercialization of autonomous driving, and issued the first batch of unmanned demonstration operation qualifications in the country.

my country's autonomous driving business has ushered in new development opportunities, and a trillion-dollar broad market is slowly developing.

  When any industry develops to a certain stage, it is necessary to promote commercial application, transform effective technologies into useful products, and achieve sound development.

In recent years, with the gradual implementation of a series of support policies and the orderly development of pilot projects in various places, my country's autonomous driving field has developed a good momentum, and its technology research and development and application are at the forefront of the world.

  However, the commercial application of autonomous driving technology not only liberates drivers, but also has a huge impact on laws and regulations, traffic order, and traffic rules. It is necessary to establish relevant norms in advance and be prepared.

  The first thing to do is to clarify the definition of autonomous driving.

At present, many smart car manufacturers have launched assisted driving functions, but some manufacturers intentionally or unintentionally confuse the concepts of automatic driving and assisted driving for the purpose of marketing, which leads to certain misunderstandings among consumers, and some accidents occur. The image and promotion of autonomous driving.

The draft released this time divides autonomous driving into conditional autonomous driving, highly autonomous driving and fully autonomous driving, and requires different safety measures to be taken according to different situations.

These regulations will effectively guide people's expectations and avoid misunderstandings.

  The second is to be as safe as possible.

Autonomous driving provides transportation services, and the most important and critical issue is safety.

The consultation draft requires autonomous driving technology providers to supervise product safety performance throughout the process.

On the one hand, it is necessary to refine the access standards, what kind of vehicles and personnel can use the automatic driving technology, and what kind of technical level can provide automatic driving, all need to have relevant regulations to avoid the hasty commercial use due to substandard software and hardware bring danger.

On the other hand, autonomous driving technology requires a large amount of data accumulation and analysis, and a "firewall" must be established in advance to effectively protect personal information and private data behind autonomous driving.

  In addition, the definition and division of responsibilities need to be clearly defined.

Current laws and regulations clearly define the responsibilities of vehicles, drivers and insurance companies.

After the popularization of autonomous driving technology, the subject of responsibility has changed from human to machine and program. In the event of an accident, how to define the responsibility also needs to be considered in advance.

It is necessary to retain the core data and operation information of the vehicle through technical means to help clarify the cause of the accident afterwards.

It is also necessary to reformulate the rules so that the division of responsibilities can be based on evidence.

  Autonomous driving technology is the future development direction, and it is also the focus of competition in countries around the world. Only by establishing relevant norms in advance and continuously improving them in the pilot program can the technology play its role most effectively and better serve economic and social development.