Smart cars, smart roads and powerful cloud synergy will not only promote the large-scale implementation of autonomous driving technology, but also drive new infrastructure such as municipal roads, 5G communications, artificial intelligence, big data centers, industrial Internet, and new energy vehicle charging piles. Facilities and related smart industries are upgraded to build a world-leading new infrastructure landing sample.

  As an effective means to deeply integrate the digital economy and the real economy and accelerate the digital upgrading of traditional industries, "new infrastructure" has been repeatedly written into the 2022 government work reports in various places, and has become an important starting point for building a new economic growth engine.

  In the first four months of this year, my country built more than 190,000 5G base stations, added 1.653 million Gigabit network ports, and the total number reached 9.54 million. The number of racks in the national hub node data center exceeded 540,000 standard racks.

Across the country, batches of new infrastructure projects have been accelerated.

  On May 10, the Chengdu-Chongqing Hub Node Model Project of the National Integrated Big Data Center of "East Data and Western Computing" was officially launched; on June 21, Zhengzhou, Henan started 281 infrastructure projects with a total investment of 59.8 billion yuan , covering new infrastructure, transportation, energy, water conservancy, municipal facilities and other fields; in the second quarter, Guizhou Province started 360 major projects with a total investment of 205.869 billion yuan, involving a number of technological innovation and new infrastructure projects...

  Meng Wei, deputy director of the Policy Research Office of the National Development and Reform Commission, said: "The investment in new infrastructure construction has maintained steady growth and development is very resilient. The role of supporting epidemic prevention and control, resumption of work and production, and maintaining the stability of industrial and supply chains has become more prominent."

  With the vigorous advancement of my country's "new infrastructure", the autonomous driving and intelligent driving industries have also ushered in unprecedented opportunities.

On the one hand, autonomous driving will be commercialized and applied on a large scale as soon as possible, providing safer, more efficient and smarter solutions for transportation, urban services and logistics; It will drive the development of the industrial chain, promote high-quality investment and employment, and promote the realization of the "dual-carbon" goal, becoming the core technology composition of smart cities and intelligent transportation.

  The autonomous driving industry pattern is taking shape

  In March 2020, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology released the recommended national standard for "Automotive Driving Automation Classification" for approval and publicity, soliciting opinions from all walks of life, marking that China officially has its own self-driving car classification standard.

Regarding autonomous driving, the industry believes that there are two routes, one is bicycle intelligence, and the other is vehicle-road coordination.

  John Dolan, chief scientist at Carnegie Mellon University's ArgoLab Artificial Intelligence Unmanned Vehicle Research Center, believes: "Autonomous driving has solved most of the problems in the underlying architecture and technology, but the remaining 5% of the long tail problems are difficult to overcome, including Fragmented scenarios, extreme situations and unpredictable human behavior.”

  For example, it is difficult for cameras to collect data in the rain, resulting in untimely responses and no emergency braking.

In the dark night scene, the visual perception range of a bicycle is severely reduced, and the radar cannot identify obstacles due to the lack of feedback from the camera.

  People in the industry generally believe that "bicycle intelligence + vehicle-road collaboration" breaks through the inherent technical limitations of bicycle intelligence, and the over-the-horizon, multi-dimensional global perception capability ensures the safety and reliability of traffic operation and autonomous driving, and achieves global collaborative security. and efficiency optimization.

  At the same time, an important change in the era of intelligent IoT is from function-driven to scenario-driven, which requires scenario-based cloud-edge-terminal full-stack technology integration innovation.

Through the coordinated development of vehicles and roads, some high-cost in-vehicle functions are replaced by "smart roads".

While reducing costs on a large scale, it realizes information interaction between vehicles and the entire road, and improves the safety and traffic efficiency of autonomous driving.

  As a full-stack technology and operation service provider for autonomous driving, Mushroom Car Link has created a technical solution of "vehicle-road-cloud integration" based on the autonomous driving technology route of "bicycle intelligence + vehicle-road collaboration".

  Industry insiders believe that the synergy of smart cars, smart roads and powerful cloud will not only promote the large-scale implementation of autonomous driving technology, but also drive municipal roads, 5G communications, artificial intelligence, big data centers, industrial Internet, and new energy vehicle charging. Pile and other new infrastructure and related intelligent industry upgrades have built a world-leading new infrastructure landing sample.

  Vehicle-Road-Cloud Integration Creates New Infrastructure Benchmarks

  In the fields of promoting high-quality local economic and social development, stabilizing employment, and promoting low carbon, the "vehicle-road-cloud integration" program is playing an all-round positive role.

  In March 2021, Mushroom Car Alliance and Hengyang Municipal Government of Hunan Province reached a strategic cooperation. The two parties will cooperate in the fields of vehicle intelligence, road intelligence, autonomous driving, vehicle-road collaboration, and AI cloud. The main body radiates the surrounding area, builds "smart digital roads", and establishes a reliable, efficient and stable intelligent transportation operation system; large-scale implementation and commercial operation of autonomous driving in public travel and public service scenarios such as urban public transportation, cleaning and patrolling, and building an intelligent network The ecological highland of the automobile industry.

  The reporter learned that this is the first city-level autonomous driving smart transportation project in China, with a total investment of about 500 million yuan, covering 200 kilometers of urban open roads, playing an active role in economic, social, and people's livelihood, and creating a new infrastructure benchmark. .

  The first is to improve the service efficiency of traffic safety and urban common areas.

At present, public services such as urban sanitation, public security inspections, and logistics distribution are faced with problems such as high dependence on manual operation, fixed shift scheduling, low efficiency, and idling operation. The labor operation cost is high, and the environmental pollution problem caused by low-speed idling operation has become more and more prominent. .

  Self-driving vehicles, sanitation vehicles, inspection vehicles and other operation vehicles can automatically go on the road at different peaks, and accurately optimize the task path, which not only saves labor costs, but also greatly reduces the pollution caused by peak congestion and vehicle idling. An important exploration of carbon targets.

  Vehicles (including autonomous vehicles and ordinary vehicles) and users can obtain comprehensive information in a timely manner through the intelligent transportation AI cloud, and make timely decisions, which can reduce traffic accidents, improve travel efficiency and safety, efficiently match travel plans, accurately optimize travel paths, and improve the system. The operation efficiency of vehicles in the transportation system will further achieve the effect of energy saving and emission reduction.

  The second is to drive the construction of new infrastructure in multiple sub-sectors.

The relevant person in charge of Mushroom Automobile Federation told reporters: "'Vehicle-road-cloud integration' not only undertakes the intelligent upgrade of road traffic infrastructure, but also drives the supporting construction of 'new infrastructure' such as 5G, AI, big data centers, and new energy vehicle charging piles. At the same time, the large-scale operation of autonomous driving in the field of urban public services will promote the cost reduction and efficiency increase and digital transformation of the urban public system, and further consolidate the foundation for the development of the digital economy.”

  Finally, the upgrade and operation of large-scale autonomous vehicles is also expected to drive the equipment manufacturing, electronic information, road engineering, vehicle manufacturing, software and cloud services of intelligent networked vehicles and smart roads to advance in parallel, and drive the city’s entire set of intelligent networked connections. Upgrade the automotive industry chain and build an intelligent networked car ecosystem.

  It is reported that the Hengyang Smart Transportation Project has completed the first phase of the road intelligent project, and the autonomous driving urban public service has been put into trial operation in batches.

The "vehicle-road-cloud integration" program of the Mushroom Car Link has been implemented in Beijing, Jiangsu, Hunan, Henan, Sichuan, Yunnan and other places.

  The advantages of "vehicle-road-cloud integration" autonomous driving can not only solve the safety and cost problems of bicycle intelligence, but also carry the mission of realizing intelligent transportation.

Driven by the "new infrastructure", smart transportation has become a new direction for China's transportation development and an important link in the country's efforts to build a transportation powerhouse.

In the future, China is expected to achieve "curve overtaking" in the field of autonomous driving through vehicle-road coordination.

  China Youth Daily and China Youth Daily trainee reporter Wang Zhiyuan Source: China Youth Daily

  July 07, 2022 Version 11

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