Zhongxin Finance, June 27th. The Propaganda Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China held a series of press conferences on the theme of "This Decade of China" on June 27 to introduce the relevant situation of rural revitalization in the new era.
A reporter asked at the meeting: In the past ten years, what new measures have we taken to ensure the national food security to secure the Chinese people's jobs?
In this regard, Deng Xiaogang, Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said that solving the problem of feeding 1.4 billion people has always been a top priority in governing the country.
Over the past ten years, all localities and departments have conscientiously implemented the decisions and arrangements of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, insisted that ensuring the effective supply of grain and other important agricultural products as the primary task of "agriculture, rural areas and farmers" work, strengthened policy support, intensified efforts, and continuously consolidated and improved grain production capacity. Firmly hold the Chinese people's rice bowl.
The key point is "three twos":
First, vigorously implement the "two Tibet" strategy.
It is to implement the strategy of storing grain in land and technology, and firmly grasp the two key points of arable land and seeds, and consolidate the material foundation of grain production.
First, the agricultural infrastructure conditions focusing on high-standard farmland have been significantly improved, the red line of 1.8 billion mu of arable land has been maintained, and the 1.058 billion mu of grain production functional areas and important agricultural product production protection zones have been delimited to provinces, counties, and plots. A total of 900 million mu of high-standard farmland has been built, and the irrigation and water conservancy facilities for farmland have been improved, and the national black land protection project has been launched to continue to protect the "giant pandas" in this cultivated land.
Second, the innovation capability of agricultural science and technology focusing on variety selection and breeding has been significantly enhanced.
A number of breakthrough new varieties with high yield and high quality, multi-resistance and wide adaptability have been cultivated and promoted, and improved varieties of grain crops have basically achieved full coverage. The construction of three national-level seed breeding bases and 216 large seed-production counties and regional bases for good breeding has been accelerated. , the area of self-selected varieties of crops accounted for more than 95%, so that China's grains mainly use Chinese seeds.
Second, focus on mobilizing the "two enthusiasms" of farmers and the government.
It is to build a security mechanism that is supplemented by benefits and supplemented by justice, so that farmers can be motivated to cultivate grain and local governments to focus on agriculture.
On the one hand, strengthen the guarantee of farmers' income from growing grain, steadily increase the minimum purchase price of rice and wheat, improve policies such as rice subsidies, corn and soybean producer subsidies, and promote the complete cost insurance and planting income insurance of the three major staple grains to realize the major grain-producing counties in the main producing provinces. Full coverage.
Through price support to stabilize expectations, income subsidies to ensure costs, insurance expansion to reduce risks, and business services to increase revenue, farmers can make more profits from growing grain.
Especially in the past two years, the central government has issued a total of 50 billion yuan in one-off subsidies to farmers who actually grow grains three times in response to the increase in the cost of grain cultivation caused by the increase in the price of agricultural materials.
On the other hand, implement the same responsibility of the party and government for food security, formulate supporting assessment methods for the regulations of the same party and government for food security, and consolidate the political responsibility of local party committees and governments for food security.
At the same time, the annual grain production goals and tasks are decomposed and assigned to each province, and the main grain production areas, main sales areas, and production and sales balance areas share obligations and responsibilities.
Third, strengthen the promotion of "two modernizations" in grain production.
It is through the socialization of services and the mechanization of production to improve the efficiency of grain management, reduce the cost of grain production, promote the socialization of services, speed up the establishment of a socialized service system with diverse subjects, complementary functions, convenience and efficiency, and promote the unified defense and rule of grain production and the generation of farming on behalf of others. Planting, collection and storage, introducing advanced and applicable varieties, technical equipment and organizational forms into small farmers, cultivating more than 950,000 agricultural social organizations, serving an area of nearly 1.7 billion mu times, and serving more than 78 million small farmers.
Promoting the mechanization of production, focusing on improving the mechanization level of the whole grain production process, and accelerating the breakthrough of weak links such as rice machine insertion and machine throwing, the comprehensive mechanization rate of cultivation and harvesting of the three major grain crops of wheat, corn and rice exceeded 97%, 90% and 85% respectively. Agricultural machinery equipment The contribution rate to the increase in grain production has increased significantly.
In the next step, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs will further increase investment and support, strengthen the construction of grain production capacity, deal with the uncertainty of the external environment with the certainty of stable domestic production and supply, and firmly grasp the national food security initiative.
This year, under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee and through the efforts of all parties, it is a foregone conclusion that the summer grain and wheat will increase in production and a bumper harvest, laying a solid foundation for a bumper grain harvest throughout the year.