[Explanation] Wuzhishan City, located in the tropical rain forest area in the central part of Hainan Island, is rich in various wild vegetables with unique flavor and high nutritional value, which are very popular among citizens and tourists both inside and outside the island.

The reporter visited Wuzhishan City from June 6th to 8th and learned that the local area is trying to shift wild vegetables from mountain picking to greenhouse cultivation and cultivation, and gradually explore the industrialization and large-scale development of this tropical rainforest ecological resource.

  [Concurrent] Qiang Hao, head of Shiha Perennial Vegetable Base, Changhao Township, Wuzhishan City

  At present, there are 8 kinds of wild vegetables, (what varieties are there?) There are seven or eight kinds of vegetables, such as purple quilted sunflower, splendid (amaranth) vegetables, ginseng vegetables, deer tongue, chrysanthemum brain and wolfberry leaves.

  [Same period] Shan Houhua, head of Hongya Xinyi'an Perennial Vegetable Base, Tongshi Town, Wuzhishan City

  The planted cabbage is divided into two sheds, the upper and lower sheds. Our total area is about 9 mu, which has been planted from 2019 to the present.

  [Explanation] Wuzhishan City is rich in wild vegetable resources. According to a previous survey by Liang Liu, an associate professor of Hainan Tropical Ocean College, and others, there are 88 kinds of wild vegetables traditionally eaten by the local Li nationality.

  At present, 18 kinds of wild vegetable resources have been domesticated and cultivated, and some of them have been planted for demonstration.

What are the similarities and differences between greenhouse cultivation and wild vegetables grown in the wild?

  [Concurrent] Qiang Hao, head of Shiha Perennial Vegetable Base, Changhao Township, Wuzhishan City

  It should be said that the wild vegetables grown in the greenhouse will grow better than the wild vegetables grown outside.

One of the advantages of wild vegetables is that it is easy to manage and does not cause any disease, so we do not need to use medicine. This is what it is naturally like, and it naturally achieves the effect of green and pollution-free.

  [Explanation] At present, the wild vegetables grown in greenhouses are of good quality and stable growth, and can be picked all year round.

However, due to the low output, the market is still in short supply, so the selling price is high and stable, and the market prospect is considerable.

  [Same period] Shan Houhua, head of Hongya Xinyi'an Perennial Vegetable Base, Tongshi Town, Wuzhishan City

  It just picks in a cycle, you like this sprout every day, like this sprout every four or five days, you can grow into vegetable sprouts that we can eat.

The daily output (in the whole shed) is several tens of kilograms, which is actually not high.

  [Concurrent] Qiang Hao, head of Shiha Perennial Vegetable Base, Changhao Township, Wuzhishan City

  We have conducted market research on wild vegetables, and people are in great demand for wild vegetables, because wild vegetables are of the same origin as medicine and food, and they have a certain role in physical therapy and health care, so their market prospects are very good.

Especially abroad, South Korea and Japan prefer wild vegetables, and wild vegetables in Japan and South Korea are very expensive.

  [Explanation] At present, the Wuzhishan Municipal Bureau of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and the Institute of Tropical Crop Variety Resources of the Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences have carried out the investigation and collection of wild vegetable resources in Wuzhishan, the construction of wild vegetable resource gardens and seed nurseries in Wuzhi Mountain, and the research and development of domesticated cultivation and standardized production technology of wild vegetable resources. , Demonstration and promotion of wild vegetables that have been successfully domesticated and cultivated.

  [Concurrent] Qi Zhiqiang, Deputy Director of Vegetable Research Office, Institute of Tropical Crop Variety Resources, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences

  After all, wild vegetables have no artificial water and fertilizer input, and are completely wild, and their quality is uneven.

After we artificially domesticate and cultivate it, we will try to plant it on better land, and then have better water and fertilizer conditions. We are sure that its appearance, including the taste you mentioned, that is, commerciality, can be achieved. The type and character will be much better.

  Reporter Li Yufan Wang Xiaobin reported from Wuzhishan, Hainan

Responsible editor: [Ji Xiang]

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