China-Singapore Finance, May 30. According to the Ministry of Finance's website on the 30th, on the afternoon of May 30th, a video conference on the work of national financial support to stabilize the economic market was held in Beijing.
The meeting held that financial departments at all levels should earnestly shoulder their responsibilities, take the initiative to take the initiative, live up to their mission and shoulder their heavy trust, and efficiently coordinate epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development.
It is necessary to strengthen confidence, face difficulties, put stable growth in a more prominent position, focus on ensuring market players, employment and people's livelihood, and strive to ensure that the economy achieves reasonable growth in the second quarter and the unemployment rate drops as soon as possible.
The first is to further increase the value-added tax refund policy to help enterprises overcome difficulties.
Focusing on stabilizing the employment of market players, we will study and include more industries in the policy scope of full monthly refund of incremental tax credits and one-time full refund of existing tax credits. The total amount of new tax refunds under various tax refund policies has reached about 1.64 trillion yuan.
Speed up the progress of tax rebates, and ensure that small enterprises and medium-sized and large enterprises in the manufacturing and other industries will basically complete the centralized refund of the remaining tax credits in the first half of the year.
Strengthen the guarantee of treasury funds, and must not affect tax rebates and the "three guarantees" at the grassroots level because of funding problems.
Strengthen the prevention of tax refund risks, and severely punish tax evasion and tax fraud in accordance with the law.
The second is to speed up the progress of fiscal expenditure, and give full play to the benefits of funds and policies as soon as possible.
The central government should promote the release of relevant transfer payments as soon as possible, and all localities should strengthen the management of budget execution to bring up the progress of expenditures.
Accelerate the construction of major projects that have been included in the annual plan, make good use of the local government special bond funds that have been issued, and form a physical workload as soon as possible.
Increase the vitality of stock funds, recover the surplus funds and carryover funds that have not been used up for two consecutive years for overall use, and recover funds that do not need to be used according to the original purpose of the carryover funds that are less than two years for overall use in the economy and society. Develop areas in need of much-needed support.
While speeding up the progress of budget expenditure, establish a control mechanism of "budget first, then target, and then expenditure", "the balance of expenditure budget controls the balance of expenditure indicators, and the balance of expenditure indicators controls fund payment", and it is strictly forbidden to arrange over-budget and no-budget arrangements. Spend or carry out government procurement to ensure that fiscal funds are used quickly and well.
The third is to accelerate the issuance and use of local government special bonds and expand the scope of support, and strive to promote stable growth and investment.
In general, the issuance and use of special bonds in various regions has generally progressed well.
As of May 27, a total of 1.85 trillion yuan of new special bonds had been issued, an increase of about 1.36 trillion yuan over the same period last year, accounting for 54% of the issued limit.
In order to continue to do a good job in the operation of local bonds during the epidemic, the provincial financial departments should quickly adjust the special bond issuance plan, choose the issuance time reasonably, speed up the expenditure progress, and ensure that the issuance of new special bonds this year is basically completed by the end of June, and strive to be issued in August. It is basically used up by the end of the month.
The fourth is to go all out to stabilize market players and support the healthy development of small, medium, and micro enterprises in relief from difficulties and difficulties.
Make good use of government financing guarantee and other policies, guide and urge the National Financing Guarantee Fund to strictly implement the requirement that the scale of re-guarantee cooperation business should not be less than 1 trillion yuan, issue financing guarantee fees for small and micro enterprises, and support the expansion of financing guarantee business scale. , Reduce the guarantee rate.
Increase government procurement to support small and medium-sized enterprises, increase the price deduction ratio for small and micro enterprises to 10%-20%; lower the threshold for small and medium-sized enterprises to participate in government procurement projects, and increase the reserved procurement share from more than 30% to 40% this year. %above.
Expand the implementation of the policy of deferred payment of social insurance premiums. Three insurance premium policies, including deferred payment of pensions for 5 extremely difficult industries, including small and medium-sized enterprises, self-employed industrial and commercial households, and catering and retail, have been implemented in stages until the end of the year, and have been extended to industries severely affected by the epidemic. There are large areas of other extremely difficult industries that have difficulties in production and operation of enterprises and are in line with the direction of national industrial policies.
Increase support for job stabilization, and increase the rate of return for job stabilization for large enterprises from 30% to 50%; the scope of unemployment insurance benefits for job retention subsidies has been expanded from small, medium and micro enterprises to all insured enterprises that are temporarily unable to produce and operate normally due to the severe impact of the epidemic; Increase the issuance of one-time job expansion subsidies.
The fifth is to effectively expand investment and consumption and release the potential of domestic demand.
On the one hand, actively expand effective investment.
The Ministry of Finance will strengthen communication and collaboration with relevant departments to further speed up the release of the budget.
On the other hand, to promote the continuous recovery of household consumption.
A phased reduction of 60 billion yuan in purchase tax on some passenger vehicles will further boost auto consumption.
Sixthly, we must be prepared for danger in times of peace to ensure food and energy security.
On the basis of the 20 billion yuan of agricultural materials subsidies that have been issued in the previous period, another 10 billion yuan of agricultural materials subsidies will be issued to subsidize the actual grain growers who actually bear the cost of rising agricultural materials prices. food security capacity.
Support the increase in production and reserves of energy resources such as coal, and establish an incentive mechanism by relying on resources and energy and other difficult areas to support people's livelihood policies to support subsidy funds.
Seventh, support to ensure the stability of the industrial chain and supply chain, and promote a smooth economic cycle.
Increase the bailout support for enterprises in industries that have been greatly affected by the epidemic, such as civil aviation, and implement periodic financial subsidies for the operation of domestic passenger flights.
Coordinate and increase support for logistics hubs and logistics enterprises.
The central government has allocated about 5 billion yuan to select the best to support the national key logistics hub cities and reduce the comprehensive freight cost.
About 6.36 billion yuan has been arranged to support the acceleration of the construction of the agricultural product supply chain system and the implementation of county-level commercial construction actions, and about 5 billion yuan has been allocated to support the construction of refrigeration and preservation facilities in the production areas of agricultural products, and some funds have been issued.
Promote the reduction of the cost of housing rents, water and electricity grids, etc. for market entities.
Eighth, improve policies and measures to effectively protect the basic livelihood of the people.
Implement the housing provident fund phased support policy.
In cooperation with the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development and other departments to issue notices, enterprises affected by the epidemic can apply for a deferral of housing provident fund payments in accordance with regulations, and try their best to reduce the impact of the epidemic on depositors.
Improve the support policy for agricultural transfer population, increase incentives for newly settled population, and increase incentives for compulsory education of children who migrate with them.
Strengthen the basic guarantee of social and people's livelihood.
The central government's budget of 154.68 billion yuan for aid and subsidies for the needy people has been issued.
When the price increase reaches the specified conditions, the linkage mechanism of linking social assistance and security standards with price increases will be activated in time, and local financial departments should ensure adequate funds.