Relief of small and medium-sized enterprises in the manufacturing industry
The 150 million market entities carry hundreds of millions of people to work and start businesses, and they are an important carrier of strength in the Chinese economy.
The Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China held a meeting on April 29 and emphasized that it is necessary to stabilize market players and implement a package of relief and assistance policies for industries, small, medium and micro enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households severely affected by the epidemic.
At present, the difficulties of relevant market entities have increased significantly, and whether the "real money" of the policy can be implemented by enterprises and implemented, this edition will launch a series of reports from now on.
At the same time, we have opened a special page on the "Leadership Message Board" of People's Daily Online, where readers are welcome to express their opinions.
The epidemic has superimposed multiple factors, and the economic operation of small and medium-sized enterprises has been greatly affected.
Difficulty in cost reduction, difficulty in obtaining financing, and difficulty in finding orders have become difficulties and blockages restricting the normal production and operation of many small and medium-sized enterprises.
The more pressure you face, the more you need to help.
Increase tax cuts to effectively reduce the operating burden of enterprises; carry out special actions for financing services to give key support to small and medium-sized enterprises; build public service platforms to promote the development of large and medium-sized Bailout assistance to manufacturing SMEs.
In the first quarter, the operating income and profits of small and medium-sized industrial enterprises above designated size increased by 14.1% and 6.5% respectively, which fully reflects the resilience of small and medium-sized enterprises.
If SMEs are good, China's economy will be good.
How do manufacturing SMEs feel about the relief measures at present?
How to turn good policies into real results as soon as possible?
The reporter interviewed relevant enterprises and experts.
Reduce taxes and fees to help enterprises move forward lightly and stabilize market confidence
As a small and micro enterprise engaged in the manufacture of LED car lamp modules, in recent years, with the development momentum of the automobile industry, Zhejiang Ningbo Klinsosi Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. has been accelerating the pace of developing domestic and foreign markets, but the problems have also appeared. : With the continuous increase in capacity expansion, working capital became stretched for a time.
"The policy of tax reduction and fee reduction has brought 'timely rain' and effectively relieved the financial pressure." Huang Jinwen, general manager of the company, calculated an account. Last year, the company enjoyed an additional deduction of 480,000 yuan for research and development expenses, and a small and micro enterprise income tax reduction of 26.2%. million.
"Don't look at the small amount, break through in adversity, relieve burden and help!"
Not long ago, the Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Taxation issued the "Announcement on Further Strengthening the Implementation of the VAT Refund Policy".
"I received a notification from the tax department as soon as possible." Xu Jianming, the company's financial director, estimates that in the first half of this year, it is expected to enjoy a new tax refund of more than 20,000 yuan. Tax reduction of about 520,000 yuan.
"The tax savings will be invested in the research and development of new LED lamp modules." Xu Jianming said.
Since the beginning of this year, Ningbo has accumulated a total of 12.7 billion yuan in deferral of taxes and fees for qualified manufacturing small, medium and micro enterprises.
"For enterprises, this is a real cash flow." The relevant person in charge of the Ningbo Municipal Taxation Bureau said that a special class has been set up to identify eligible taxpayers to help market players enjoy the full and due dividends of tax and fees Enjoy.
"Compared with other preferential policies for enterprises, tax and fee reduction is a direct and efficient rescue measure for various market players, especially small and medium-sized enterprises, and is also a key measure to stabilize growth, stabilize the market and ensure employment." Ma, executive vice president of the China Association of Small and Medium Enterprises Bin believes that the current external environment is unstable and uncertain factors are increasing, and the implementation of greater tax and fee reductions around manufacturing small and medium-sized enterprises will effectively reduce the production and operation costs of enterprises in the short term, improve corporate cash flow, and stabilize market confidence. , which is conducive to promoting technological innovation of enterprises and forging core competitiveness.
Take multiple measures to improve corporate cash flow and enhance development confidence
"Not long ago, I just signed a 100 million yuan order with PetroChina, and the equipment is running at full speed to promote production." As a "specialized, special and new" small and medium-sized enterprise engaged in high-end energy equipment, Anhui Hefei Wanhao Energy Equipment Co., Ltd. will double its output value this year. , Sun Yishu, assistant general manager of the company, predicted.
Winning projects and promising performance, where does Marriott Energy's confidence come from?
"Technology is available, and funds are needed to support it." Sun Yishu told reporters that equipment projects often adopt the pre-funding model, which is a severe test for the company's cash flow.
In December last year, Anhui Small and Medium Enterprises (Specialized, Specialized and New) Development Fund invested 50 million yuan in one fell swoop, which greatly eased the liquidity problem.
The capital injection of government funds to increase credit has led to market-oriented financing.
"At the beginning of this year, China CITIC Bank provided 10 million yuan of financing to enterprises through 'government credit', not only without mortgage, but also with a 50% discount, which is equivalent to reducing financing costs by more than 200,000 yuan." Sun Yishu said.
In recent years, the Anhui Economic and Information Department has actively carried out the special action of "Ten Banks, Hundreds of Billions and Tens of Thousands of Enterprises" financing services, and promoted products such as "Technical Transformation Loans" and "No Principal Renewal Loans", alleviating the difficulty and high cost of financing for small and medium-sized enterprises.
According to reports, in the first four months of this year, cooperative banks have issued special loans of 389.6 billion yuan, serving 132,000 small, medium and micro enterprises, of which the balance of loans for specialized, special and new enterprises is 86.9 billion yuan, an increase of nearly 17 billion yuan compared with the beginning of the year, and the average annualized Lending rates are as low as 4.12%.
"Financing difficulties are the pain points that restrict the innovation and development of small and medium-sized enterprises. Since last year, many small and medium-sized enterprises have faced problems such as difficulty in first loan, high financing cost, and difficulty in medium and long-term loans, which have led to the shortage of working capital and affected the innovation potential of enterprises. .” Yang Dongri, director of the SME Research Institute of CCID Research Institute, believes that to ease the financing difficulties of SMEs, on the one hand, it is necessary to increase the policy guidance of government investment funds and increase support for growing SMEs in the early stage. It is also necessary to strengthen the effective financial support for the real economy, and promote the increase, expansion and price reduction of financing for small and medium-sized enterprises.
As of the end of April, the National Small and Medium Enterprise Development Fund Co., Ltd. sub-funds have completed 780 investment projects with an investment amount of about 28 billion yuan, of which 581 are growing small and medium-sized enterprises in the early stage, accounting for 74.5%, and the investment amount is about 19 billion yuan.
Sun Yishu said that the first phase of the project was completed and put into operation in Chongqing at the end of last year, and it is expected that the funds will be recovered in one year.
"This year, we will invest more than 200 million yuan in new energy projects in Bengbu, Anhui. We hope that more financial institutions will provide medium and long-term loans, and at the same time, we will expand the scope of collaterals and pledges, so that we will have more confidence to expand the market with projects."
Digital transformation helps companies expand markets, reduce costs, and seek innovation
Jinan, Shandong, walked into the lobby of Senfeng Laser Company, the data on the display screen jumped in real time, and the information such as the operation status of the sold equipment and the distribution of customer service personnel all over the country was at a glance.
"Affected by the epidemic, the on-site after-sales service faced challenges in the past, and the equipment status and lifespan were difficult to control in real time, which became the main pain point affecting market development." Wang Chao, general manager of the company's marketing, said that relying on the Inspur Yunzhou industrial Internet platform, the equipment was realized in one fell swoop. The closed-loop management of remote maintenance and after-sales service is widely praised by customers.
Digital transformation is not only a "propeller" for small and medium-sized enterprises to expand the market, but also helps enterprises to reduce costs and run out of "acceleration".
In the power distribution room of Xinfengming, Tongxiang, Zhejiang, State Grid Jiaxing Power Supply Company helped enterprises build an intelligent power platform and monitor the operation status of power equipment in real time.
"Enterprise electricians rely on the unified management of power switch equipment to realize energy consumption analysis and energy saving optimization, and directly reduce the operating cost of the enterprise by more than 80 million yuan." said the person in charge of the company.
"Digital transformation is a 'compulsory course' for small and medium-sized enterprises to enhance their competitiveness." Zhang Xiaotong, chief engineer of China Industrial Internet Research Institute, said that in general, the digital capabilities of most small and medium-sized enterprises are still insufficient. Continue to promote public services and other aspects to enhance the "hematopoietic" ability of small and medium-sized enterprises, promote the in-depth development of the digital transformation of the manufacturing industry, and enhance the new advantages and new kinetic energy of industrial development.
After the sales equipment was connected to the Internet, Senfeng Laser began to plan the second digital transformation.
"It is expected that in September this year, the construction of an industry-oriented IoT platform will be launched, and it is expected to receive more financial and policy support." Wang Chao is full of ambition. Based on the industrial Internet platform, the company will accelerate the realization of the transformation from traditional equipment manufacturers to service-oriented manufacturing enterprises. metamorphosis.
The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the National Development and Reform Commission and other 11 departments have recently issued notices, clearly focusing on the innovation chain, industrial chain, supply chain, data chain, capital chain, service chain, and talent chain to build an interdependent and mutually reinforcing system of large and medium-sized enterprises. To develop the ecology, it is proposed to encourage large enterprises to create digital service platforms that meet the characteristics of small and medium-sized enterprises, and develop a number of "small, fast, light and accurate" low-cost industrial chain supply chain collaboration solutions and scenarios.
According to reports, in the next step, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will work with relevant parties to provide digital transformation services for no less than 100,000 small and medium-sized enterprises by the end of this year, and promote the business of 100,000 small and medium-sized enterprises to go to the cloud.
Our reporter Han XinKeywords: