Zhongxin Finance, May 28 (Reporter Pang Wuji) The Baichuan Forum-Global Climate Governance and China's "Dual Carbon" Strategy 2022 Seminar hosted by the Qianhai Institute of International Affairs, The Chinese University of Hong Kong (Shenzhen) adopted from the 27th to the 28th Online and offline are combined.
At present, the conflict between Russia and Ukraine has triggered discussions on the European energy crisis on a global scale. In the future, there may be a decoupling of energy between Russia and Europe, which will reshape the global energy supply and demand pattern, and also face great challenges and uncertainties in global climate change governance.
As one of the core issues of global governance, climate change will also play a more important role in future geopolitical games.
For China, promoting the "dual carbon" strategy has important strategic significance both externally and internally.
Zheng Yongnian, a professor at the Chinese University of Hong Kong (Shenzhen) and dean of the Qianhai Institute of International Affairs, said in his opening speech that with the continuous deterioration of the earth's ecological environment, the probability of extreme weather continues to increase, and climate risks have an impact on the sustainable development of human society. posed a serious challenge.
Strengthening climate governance has gradually become a global consensus, and climate governance has also risen to the core agenda of global governance.
In this grand topic, the transformation of the traditional energy structure has attracted much attention. This is a process in which many factors are intertwined and interacted with each other, involving the adjustment of geopolitical relations, the transformation of economic development patterns, the innovation of new energy technologies, and the reform of relevant laws, regulations and systems. and many other factors.
At the same time, the Russian-Ukrainian conflict and its "spillover effect" have made the traditional energy structure adjustment of many European countries face more arduous challenges, and the process of global climate governance will also face greater uncertainty.
Looking ahead, the geopolitical game of great powers will play a more important and substantive role in the process of global climate governance.
Zheng Yongnian also emphasized that China, as the world's second largest economy and the largest developing country, has taken the initiative to assume the responsibility of a major country in the process of addressing climate change and participating in global climate governance.
At a time when globalization is facing adverse currents and unilateralism and protectionism prevail, tackling climate change has also become an important focus for China to actively participate in global governance, maintain multilateralism, and promote international cooperation.
Today, China-US relations are at a low ebb, and addressing climate change has become the "ballast stone" for China and the US to promote a new type of major-country relationship of "no conflict, no confrontation, mutual respect, and win-win cooperation".
Pan Jiahua, member of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, director of the Sustainable Development Research Center, dean of the Institute of Ecological Civilization, Beijing University of Technology, and vice chairman of the China National Climate Change Expert Committee, said in the keynote speech that the process of carbon neutrality is also in a sense. It is the process of the withdrawal of fossil energy.
"The maturity of disruptive technologies is very important. Fossil energy is mainly to provide energy services, and our energy services do not necessarily require carbon, and carbon is not an inevitable part of social well-being. Since it is not what we need, if our energy services are consistent with If carbon doesn’t matter, we just need energy services, and fossil fuels can naturally exit.”
Pan Jiahua also emphasized that China's energy security has two major pain points: one is the security risk of maritime transportation caused by the lack of ocean-going military deployment capabilities; the other is the issue of payment, and the international payment system is controlled by European and American countries.
Fossil energy has long been monopolized by geography and capital.
The reserves of oil and natural gas account for half of the Middle East, and China has a very small proportion.
As the world's second largest economy, the largest population, and the largest automobile market, China's energy and economic status are very mismatched.
The low-carbon renewable energy can solve the monopoly problem very well, the geopolitical pattern will also undergo great changes, and the energy security pattern will be reshaped.
At this forum, experts and scholars from various fields conducted in-depth exchanges on two major issues: First, from the outside, how should China recognize, construct and practice its own positioning and role in global climate governance ?
What kind of climate governance cooperation mechanism should be formed with the United States, the European Union and the vast number of developing countries?
Second, from an internal perspective, in order to ensure energy security and achieve the dual-carbon goal, what areas should China make breakthroughs in, and what opportunities and challenges will China face?