Zhongxin Finance, May 26th (Reporter Xie Yiguan) On May 26th, on the occasion of the "June 1st" International Children's Day, the China Consumers Association issued a consumption reminder to remind the majority of children, adolescents and parents not to believe in the so-called treatment. In myopia advertisements, it is the key to prevent and control myopia early and catch the small ones. Scientific use of the eyes and appropriate outdoor activities are the "good medicine".

  In recent years, the myopia rate of children and adolescents in my country has been at a high level.

According to data released by the National Health and Medical Commission, in 2018, the overall myopia rate of children and adolescents in the country was 53.6%. The time and frequency of online classes have increased, and the overall myopia rate among children and adolescents has risen to 52.7%.

Data map.

Photo by Xu Lanqing

  Because my country has a large number of myopia groups, a large number of "vision protection products" are emerging in the market, such as eye care patches, eye cream, eye care instruments, acupoint massage instruments, etc., and use "rehabilitation", "recovery" and "relief Eye fatigue", "reduce degree", "improve vision", "myopia cure", "myopia nemesis", "degree repair" and other expressions, and some also listed some "successful" cases to win the trust of consumers.

  "Most of these advertisements lack scientific basis, which not only infringes on consumers' right to know, but even makes some consumers misunderstand that it is easy to treat myopia, and then ignore the prevention and control of children's myopia." China Consumers Association pointed out.

  According to the China Consumers Association, there are also some Chinese medicine compresses, ear beans, foot stimulation, training equipment, massage and other rehabilitation intervention products and services for children and adolescents with myopia, as well as Miao medicine, acupuncture, special effects glasses and other seemingly scientific vision treatments. method, some consumers may have some "effects" after trial or initial acceptance of the service.

In this regard, some experts said that they all relieve some symptoms caused by visual fatigue by relaxing the nerve muscles, but myopia still exists.

  In the view of the China Consumers Association, it is necessary to clarify that myopia can be prevented and controlled, but it cannot be cured.

  Six departments including the National Health and Health Commission and the State Administration for Market Regulation issued in 2019 the "Notice on Further Regulating the Work of Myopia Correction in Children and Adolescents and Strengthening Supervision" clearly pointed out that "under the current conditions of medical technology, myopia cannot be cured."

  "If the pseudo-myopia caused by overuse of the eyes and other reasons, it is possible to go to a regular ophthalmic medical institution for inspection in time and use scientific methods to recover it; but if true myopia has occurred, it can be recovered through products such as eye-bright ointment and eye care stickers. It is very unreliable to say that the degree of myopia can be reduced or even returned to normal," said the China Consumers Association.

  The China Consumers Association said that at present, correction can only be done by wearing glasses (including frame glasses and contact lenses, etc.), myopia surgery, etc.

Consumers who find that the operator has misleading representations or falsely use the name of traditional Chinese medicine, or use the theory and technology of traditional Chinese medicine to conduct false and illegal marketing and publicity acts, can file a complaint or report to the market supervision department or consumer association where the operator is located.

  In addition, the China Consumers Association believes that to cultivate good eye habits, it is necessary to focus on early and small.

Some experts pointed out that the reason why the incidence of myopia among young people in my country has been at a high level is mainly due to the premature exposure to electronic products in infants and young children, the use of electronic products for too long, and the lack of sleep and exercise time.

Early prevention and early control are the key to children's vision health.

  First of all, from birth to 3 years old is the "golden period" for children's visual development, and it is necessary to avoid the use of electronic products by infants and young children before the age of 3.

Secondly, 3-6 years old is a "critical period" for the development of eyes and visual functions. Parents should pay attention to their eye development and vision health at any time, and help children develop good habits of scientific, healthy and hygienic eyes from an early age .

When you find that your child needs to get close to the screen when watching TV, complains of headache or eyestrain, and often rubs his eyes and other signs of abnormal vision, take the child to a regular eye medical institution for examination in time.

  In terms of how to prevent myopia, the China Consumers Association said that scientific eye use and appropriate outdoor activities are the "good medicine" for myopia prevention and control.

  Specifically, parents should ensure that children have a reasonable dietary structure and adequate sleep every day, guide children to read and write in the correct posture and distance, use their eyes continuously for no more than 40 minutes, and pay attention to the brightness of the surrounding environment.

For those who need to take online classes, help children choose and use electronic products reasonably. After using electronic products for 30-40 minutes, they should take a 10-minute break; the younger the age, the shorter the continuous use of electronic products.

The single use time of electronic products for non-learning purposes should not exceed 15 minutes, and the accumulated time should not exceed 1 hour per day.

  In addition, it is necessary to actively supervise children to engage in outdoor activities and physical exercise, and should ensure more than 2 hours of outdoor activities per day or more than 14 hours per week to form good living habits; for children with myopia, outdoor activities should be increased. To slow down the further development of myopia, it is recommended to spend more than 3 hours of outdoor activities every day.