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China News Service, Fuzhou, May 25th: "Vegetables" write rural revitalization "Science and Technology Special Commissioners" to keep "vegetable baskets"
Chinanews.com reporter Lin Chunyin
"Science and technology commissioner, tell Xiaoli, I am a vegetable grower; tell Dali, we help farmers get rich and help people keep their vegetable baskets." Chen Xiujuan has neat short hair, speaks quickly, and laughs loudly.
As the director of Fuzhou Vegetable Science Research Institute, Chen Xiujuan is not only a scientific researcher, but also a science and technology commissioner. The most beautiful science and technology commissioner nomination award and other awards.
In a recent interview with a reporter from Chinanews.com, she said that honors all come from her passion for rural revitalization.
Soilless cultivation of high-quality tomatoes is carried out by using mushroom residues.
Photo courtesy of the interviewee
When hydrangea meets tomatoes
Before going to Fuzhou Vegetable Science Research Institute as director in 2019, Chen Xiujuan worked in Fuzhou Agricultural Bureau for many years, researching and practicing "how to use small edible fungi to prop up the rural 'enriching umbrella'".
Fuzhou has held ten edible fungus cooking competitions, seven of which were held by her.
Fuzhou Vegetable Science Research Institute is located in Nantong Town, Minhou County, Fuzhou City.
When Chen Xiujuan took office, the tomato base was harvested, and the ground was red.
Her experience as a special commissioner from Cote started from the connection between edible fungi and tomatoes.
Fujian Rongyi Bacteria Technology R&D Co., Ltd., located in Nantong Town, Minhou County, Fuzhou City, is a leading enterprise with a "national brand name".
However, affected by the epidemic, the processing enterprises in the downstream industry of mushrooms have reduced their operations, and the organic fertilizer factories that used to purchase waste mushroom bags are no longer available.
When Chen Xiujuan led the team to serve the door, the front was the waste bag of hydrangeas in the dark warehouse.
"The company produces almost 150,000 bags of waste bacteria a year, which are piled with bugs, polluting the environment and causing waste of resources." Huang Jie, assistant to the chairman of Fujian Rongyi Bacteria Technology R&D Co., Ltd., complained to Chen Xiujuan.
Chen Xiujuan's team took the bacterial residue back to the laboratory for research. Beta-glucan, amino acids, proteins... are quite rich in nutrients.
Chen Xiujuan recalled that in the past, the treatment methods of bacterial residues were relatively simple. Except for composting or burning firewood, a ton of recycling was only sold for one or two hundred yuan. Soilless substrate cultivation of vegetables.”
Chen Xiujuan explained the significance of this experiment to reporters with a set of data: Fujian is the province with the most cultivated edible fungi in the country. As one of the main edible fungi producing areas in Fujian Province, Fuzhou will only produce edible fungi in the city in 2021 (dry and fresh mix) It is as high as 267,600 tons, with an output value of 2.391 billion yuan.
"The problem of Rongyi Company is also the common dilemma of the edible fungus industry."
The results of the laboratory have made a breakthrough in the utilization of bacterial residues.
By injecting the formula of "core technology", the waste bacteria bag can be used for the secondary cultivation of embroidery and the soilless cultivation of vegetables, and can also be directly returned to the field to improve the soil environment.
Up to now, 7 million bags of waste bacteria bag secondary recycling technology have been popularized and applied, saving more than 3.5 million yuan in cost and achieving significant economic benefits.
Chen Xiujuan's team has also been granted 4 utility model patents based on the application of mushroom residues in vegetable soilless cultivation.
After 2 years of testing, Chen Xiujuan's team not only assisted the company to successfully apply for a number of patents, provided technical support for promoting the sustainable utilization of Embroidery slag and the green development of vegetables, but also helped the mushroom company to contact organic fertilizer companies and expand the sales channels of waste mushroom bags. .
In the greenhouse of the Fuzhou Vegetable Science Institute, it can be seen that the mushroom residues are used as the cultivation substrate to grow tomatoes of various varieties, red, yellow, black and purple, and fruitful.
Chen Xiujuan told reporters that many people say that they have eaten the sweetest juicy tomatoes in their lives here; some of them are of excellent quality and can be sold individually, which is the golden key for vegetable farmers to get rich.
At present, Chen Xiujuan's team is using patented technology to develop freeze-dried embroidered coccus for enterprises.
Retain its nutritional value to the greatest extent, extend the industrial chain, and allow enterprises to find new revenue-increasing points.
Chen Xiujuan (left), director of the Fuzhou Vegetable Research Institute, studies the freeze-drying technology of vegetables and fruits.
Photo by Lin Chunyin
When Langqi Sea Breeze Meets Loofah Bitter Gourd
In May, the sea breeze on Langqi Island in Fuzhou has warmed.
In the 300-mu high-quality vegetable base in the east of Langqi Island, different varieties of rice have been ingeniously planted into "Painted Rice Fields"; golden pumpkins are covered with pergolas, and they are the size of fists; fruit and corn are half the height of a human. Tomatoes are delightful.
This is the Fujian Province Seed Industry Innovation Base (Fujian Province New Crop Variety Display and Evaluation Center), which is guided by the Fuzhou Vegetable Science Research Institute as the legal person science and technology commissioner and several scientific research institutions, covering an area of 311.5 mu.
From June to September this year, crops such as pumpkin, bitter gourd, green leafy vegetables, watermelon, and rice will gradually enter the maturity period, and this vegetable seed industry base will usher in the first bumper harvest.
Chen Xiujuan (left), director of Fuzhou Vegetable Research Institute, was interviewed.
Photo by Meng Fang
Bitter gourd, loofah, courgette, and pepper, standing in the melon, fruit and vegetable planting area, Chen Xiujuan counted with her fingers, Fuzhou Vegetable Science Institute and Langqi Xinjindong Farm cooperated to transform and apply the patented seed coating technology on the facility water spinach; independent research and development More than 60 new vegetable varieties and more than 500 new varieties introduced from China were demonstrated in Langqi Seed Industry Base.
The experts moved the laboratory to the island, and carefully cultivated new varieties of melons that were independently selected and promoted by well-known breeding institutions such as the Crop Institute of the Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Fujian Tianmei Seed Industry, and Xiamen Agricultural Yunlai. Among them, Fuzhou The new varieties such as loofah and bitter gourd from the Municipal Vegetable Science Institute have also won the second prize of the Provincial Science and Technology Progress Award.
"The seed industry is the chip of agriculture." In Chen Xiujuan's eyes, Langqi can be called the "Silicon Valley of the Seed Industry", helping Fuzhou's "vegetable basket" project to form a core effect, based in Fuzhou, and radiating the whole country. The city's characteristic modern agriculture and rural revitalization provide Langqi models."
Chen Xiujuan (left) researches the improved varieties of tomatoes.
Photo by Lin Chunyin
When "post-90s" meet "vegetable Xiaobei"
During her tenure as the director of Fuzhou Vegetable Science Research Institute, Chen Xiujuan focused on improving scientific research conditions, integrating more than 30 acres of flower arrangement in the institute, building intelligent greenhouses and Internet of Things, and putting into use a digital breeding platform and a digital seed resource bank.
"Innovation" has become the "burning point" of Chen Xiujuan's mission team.
Chen Xiujuan led the team to innovate a beneficial attempt of "Katepeng + Scientific Research Institute + Association + Enterprise", integrating multiple resources to form a joint effort to expand sales channels and improve the visibility of the company's good products.
Chen Xiujuan believes that scientific and technological innovation should not be based solely on the subject, but should first be based on the needs of the "three rural areas". "Scientific and technological achievements cannot be locked in a drawer, but must serve the people." In the vegetable industry chain, district and municipal scientific research institutes should be set up. It belongs to the end of innovation and the front end of promotion. "We have repeatedly thought about how to realize the transformation of scientific and technological achievements and break through the last mile of promotion."
Going to agricultural enterprises, fields, schools and communities, Chen Xiujuan encouraged the backbone of scientific research to help and lead young science and technology commissioners to send seeds and technologies; cooperate with agricultural giant Chaoda Agricultural Group to realize the transformation of scientific and technological achievements ; also went to Yuanyang Primary School for the children of migrant workers to open up an idyllic paradise for the children under the "double reduction".
At present, Fuzhou Vegetable Science Research Institute is deeply engaged in projects such as the Fujian Province Seed Industry Project, the Provincial Spark Project and the Provincial Vegetable Industry Technology System, and has established 5 demonstration bases for the promotion of new varieties and new technologies in Nantong and other places, and constantly improves the "research institute + company" (Cooperative) + grower" production mode.
In 2021, the institute will promote more than 500,000 high-quality seedlings and guide 200,000 mu of enterprise cooperatives.
The "post-90s" young people in the institute designed a logo - a cartoon Chinese cabbage wearing the "red vest" of technology going to the countryside.
Chen Xiujuan said with a smile that Chinese cabbage is a scientific research variety studied by the old director, and it is also the variety with the largest planting area among vegetables. "It has both inheritance and the ideal of integrating into the current rural revitalization and 'vegetable' writing the future." (End)Keywords: