1. Building a unified national market is an inherent requirement for building a new development pattern
A few days ago, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council issued the "Opinions on Accelerating the Construction of a National Unified Market". In response to the issues of public concern, the relevant responsible persons of the National Development and Reform Commission and other departments made an authoritative interpretation.
The relevant person in charge said that the major deployment of accelerating the construction of a unified national market fully reflects the respect for the inherent laws of the socialist market economy and demonstrates our firm determination to uphold and improve the socialist market economy system.
Judging from the practical requirements of further perfecting the socialist market economic system, accelerating the construction of a large national unified market is a necessary and inherent requirement.
Accelerating the construction of a large national unified market can give full play to the advantages of the market to promote competition and deepen the division of labor, optimize the allocation of resources on a larger scale, and improve efficiency.
The major deployment of accelerating the construction of a unified national market is an important foundation for smoothing the domestic circulation and promoting the domestic and international dual circulation, and will provide strong support for the construction of a new development pattern.
Only by accelerating the construction of a unified national market and establishing a unified market system and rules can we promote the smooth flow of commodity factor resources on a larger scale, smooth the domestic circulation, and promote the domestic and international dual circulation.
The major deployment of accelerating the construction of a unified national market will provide broader development space for various market players, and will effectively and effectively promote high-quality economic development.
China's unified market is a fully open unified market facing the world. It will also provide a better development environment and a larger stage for various market players, including foreign-funded enterprises.
The major deployment of accelerating the construction of a unified national market has put forward higher requirements for deepening reforms, and inevitably requires overcoming difficulties and promoting deep-level reforms.
2. Make both breakthroughs and strengthen the unification of basic market systems and rules
The "Opinions" particularly emphasizes both building and breaking, improving the system, and taking "strengthening the unification of market-based systems and rules" as the primary task. How to advance related work in the next step?
Continue to look at the authoritative interpretation.
The relevant person in charge of the National Development and Reform Commission said that the unification of basic systems and rules is the premise and guarantee for building a unified national market.
The "Opinions" put forward unified requirements from four aspects: property rights protection, market access, fair competition, and social credit.
The first is to improve a unified property rights protection system. The key is equal protection, comprehensive protection, and legal protection of various property rights.
The second is to implement a unified market access system, focusing on maintaining the unity, seriousness and authority of the market access negative list system, and strictly implementing the "one list nationwide" management model.
The third is to maintain a unified and fair competition system, focusing on insisting on treating all market players equally and equally.
The fourth is to improve a unified social credit system. It is necessary to compile and publish a national basic catalog of public credit information, improve credit information standards; compile and publish a national basic list of disciplinary measures for dishonesty; and establish a comprehensive evaluation system for corporate credit status.
The relevant person in charge of the State Administration for Market Regulation said that they will adhere to both standing and breaking, and strengthen the unification of basic market systems and rules.
One is to insist on multi-dimensional development.
Focus on areas such as market access, fair competition, credit supervision, and intellectual property protection, and strengthen the unification of basic market systems and rules.
The second is to insist on both standing and breaking.
"Establishment" means actively adapting to the needs of the construction of a high-level socialist market economic system, innovating and enriching new system supply; "breaking" means sticking to the problem orientation and resolutely breaking the various regulations and practices that restrict the construction of a unified national market.
The third is to adhere to the rule of law thinking.
Strengthen the administrative and legislative work of market supervision, improve market supervision procedures, strengthen the standardization and standardization of market supervision, disclose supervision standards and rules in accordance with the law, and enhance the stability and predictability of market supervision systems and policies.
Fourth, adhere to the "city" and act.
Actively adapt to the changing trends of market development, focus on strengthening the innovative supply of basic systems around new business formats and new models, and constantly complement the market supervision system and rules in emerging fields, in order to shape an orderly competitive online and offline market ecology, and share for various market players and consumers. The development dividend of the digital economy provides normative institutional guarantees.
3. Deepen the reform of market-oriented allocation of development factors
The relevant person in charge of the National Development and Reform Commission said that in the past two years, some substantive reform measures in deepening the market-oriented reform of factors have been implemented in China. A new arrangement has been made in the reform of chemical configuration, which is not only in the same line, but also further deepened.
The first is to clarify the important reform direction of building a unified factor market.
At present, my country has established a relatively unified commodity and service market.
However, the market-oriented reform of factors is still relatively lagging behind, and the fragmentation of factor markets and flow barriers are still relatively prominent.
The key to deepening the market-oriented reform of factors is to break the segmentation and multi-track operation of factor markets. This "Opinion" emphasizes creating a unified market for factors and resources, which is an important direction for the reform of market-based allocation of factors and, in a sense, the most fundamental requirements.
The second is to further deploy major measures to reform the market-based allocation of factors.
For example, in terms of land and labor factors, it is proposed to "coordinate incremental construction land and existing construction land, implement unified planning, and strengthen unified management", etc. Property rights evaluation and trading mechanism, and promote the interconnection of technology trading markets in various regions” and so on.
The third is to integrate the energy and ecological environment markets into the unified factor and resource market system.
The "Opinions" include the energy and ecological environment markets into the factor and resource markets, and put forward reform measures such as "combining the goals and tasks of achieving carbon peaking and carbon neutrality, and orderly promoting the construction of the national energy market" and "improving a multi-level unified power market system". It will definitely play an important role in implementing the "dual carbon" strategic deployment, accelerating green and low-carbon development, and promoting the overall transformation of economic and social development to green development.
4. Real tricks, hard tricks, real tricks to crack local protection and market segmentation
Building a unified national market and breaking local protection and market segmentation are the most important, the most difficult, and the key.
The relevant person in charge of the National Development and Reform Commission said that the "Opinions on Accelerating the Construction of a National Unified Market" proposes practical and effective measures from different aspects, and strives to achieve a national game of chess, a unified market, and a smooth circulation.
The first is to propose the hard task of "four cleanups".
Timely clean up and abolish policies in various regions that impede a unified market and fair competition, including local protection, market segmentation, and designated transactions; comprehensively clean up various preferential policies that discriminate against foreign-funded enterprises and foreign enterprises and implement local protection.
The second is to clarify the hard requirements of "some must not".
Except as expressly provided by laws and regulations, enterprises shall not be required to register in a certain place; no obstacles shall be set up for enterprises to operate or relocate across regions; unreasonable and discriminatory entry and exit conditions shall not be set to restrict the free flow of goods, services and factor resources .
The third is to launch a hard measure to improperly interfere with the list of problems in the construction of a unified national market.
The National Development and Reform Commission will focus on market access and exit, fair market competition, fair market supervision, bidding and government procurement, etc., and put forward a list of improper market intervention issues that are immediately cleared and abolished and rectified and withdrawn within a time limit, and promote the accelerated clearing and abolition of the list List matters.
The fourth is to establish a hard system for reporting, interviewing, and problem rectification for typical cases.
The National Development and Reform Commission will work with relevant departments to do a good job in reporting typical cases of improper market intervention and improper competition that hinder the construction of a unified national market, and will resolutely investigate and deal with the problems found and make serious rectifications.
(CCTV reporter Chen Yujie and Xu Ningning)Keywords: