Zhongxin Finance, May 10. According to the news on the website of the National Development and Reform Commission on the 10th, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Finance, and the People's Bank of China issued a notice on doing a good job in cost reduction in 2022. Increase the scale of loans, keep the growth rate of money supply and social financing scale basically in line with the nominal economic growth rate, and keep the macro leverage ratio basically stable.

Maintain the basic stability of the RMB exchange rate at a reasonable and balanced level.

  The notice proposes to adhere to the general principle of seeking progress while maintaining stability, fully, accurately and fully implement the new development concept, accelerate the construction of a new development pattern, promote high-quality development, adhere to the main line of supply-side structural reform, and coordinate epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development. development, and take effective measures to reduce the cost of real economy enterprises.

Adhere to the combination of phased measures and institutional arrangements, adhere to the combination of reducing explicit costs and reducing hidden costs, adhere to the combination of inclusive fairness and precise support, adhere to the combination of government assistance and enterprise potential tapping, and increase bailout support. , effectively boosting market confidence.

Implement a new combined tax support policy

  (1) Continue and optimize some tax support policies.

Continue to implement the tax and fee reduction policies to support the manufacturing industry, small and micro enterprises, and individual industrial and commercial households, and increase the reduction and exemption range and expand the scope of application.

Phased VAT exemption for small-scale taxpayers.

For the part of the annual taxable income of small and micro enterprises from 1 million yuan to 3 million yuan, the corporate income tax will be halved.

Implement tax and fee policies and measures to promote industrial growth and the recovery of difficult industries in the service sector.

  (2) Implementing large-scale tax refunds in advance for the remaining tax credits.

Priority will be given to small and micro enterprises. The existing tax credits for small and micro enterprises will be refunded in full before the end of June, and the incremental tax credits will be refunded in full.

Focus on supporting the manufacturing industry, and comprehensively solve the problem of tax refunds in industries such as manufacturing, scientific research and technical services, ecological environmental protection, electricity and gas, and transportation.

  (3) Increase tax incentives for corporate innovation.

Increase the implementation of the super-deduction policy for R&D expenses, increase the super-deduction ratio of technology-based SMEs from 75% to 100%, implement tax incentives for enterprises to invest in basic research, and improve policies such as accelerated depreciation of equipment and equipment, and preferential income tax for high-tech enterprises. .

  (4) Further clean up and standardize enterprise-related charges.

Clean up unreasonable price increases in the link of power supply transfer, and support local governments to implement phased preferential policies for electricity consumption in industries with special difficulties.

Further clean up and regulate the fees charged by industry associations, chambers of commerce and intermediaries.

Carry out special rectification actions for illegal charges related to enterprises, establish a collaborative governance and joint disciplinary mechanism, and resolutely investigate and deal with arbitrary charges, fines, and apportionment.

Strengthen the effective support of finance to the real economy

  (5) Create a favorable monetary and financial environment.

Expand the scale of new loans, keep the growth rate of money supply and social financing scale basically in line with the nominal economic growth rate, and keep the macro leverage ratio basically stable.

Maintain the basic stability of the RMB exchange rate at a reasonable and balanced level.

Continue to release the potential of the loan market quoted rate (LPR) reform, promote financial institutions to fully transmit the downward effect of LPR to loan interest rates, and promote the stability of the comprehensive financing cost of enterprises.

  (6) Guide more funds to flow to key areas and weak links.

Maintain the stability of inclusive re-lending and re-discount policies, and continue to provide inclusive and continuous financial support to agriculture-related, small and micro enterprises, and private enterprises.

Make good use of inclusive small and micro loan support tools, increase re-lending to support agriculture and small and medium-sized enterprises, optimize supervision and assessment, promote the significant growth of inclusive small and micro loans, and continue to increase the proportion of credit loans and first-time lenders.

Guide financial institutions to accurately grasp credit policies, continue to provide financing support to enterprises in industries seriously affected by the epidemic, and avoid industry-specific loan restrictions, loan withdrawals, and loan terminations.

Actively promoting the implementation of carbon emission reduction support tools and special re-lending to support the clean and efficient utilization of coal has been effective.

Guide financial institutions to increase medium and long-term loans to manufacturing.

  (7) Establish and improve the multi-level capital market.

Improve the bond financing support mechanism for private enterprises, fully implement the stock issuance registration system, and promote the stable and healthy development of the capital market.

We will continue to deepen the reform of the New Third Board and further enhance our direct financing service capabilities.

  (8) Improve the convenience of corporate financing.

Promote the integration and sharing of enterprise-related credit information, speed up the information connection between taxation, customs, electric power and other units and financial institutions, and expand the coverage of government financing guarantees for small and micro enterprises.

Continue to optimize accounts receivable financing services, deepen supply chain financing reform, and improve the convenience of corporate chattels and rights financing.

Strengthen the management of market price adjustments for banking services, and encourage the implementation of differentiated pricing and service discounts for small and micro enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households.

  (9) Support small, medium and micro enterprises to strengthen exchange rate risk management.

Encourage enterprises to use diversified foreign exchange hedging products, reduce exchange rate hedging costs through “several promotions” by governments, banks and enterprises, encourage banks to provide precise services for small, medium and micro enterprises, support banks to develop online transaction service platforms, and facilitate foreign exchange for small, medium and micro enterprises Hedging inquiries and transactions.

Continuously reduce institutional transaction costs

  (10) Continue to deepen the reform of "delegating power, regulating services".

Focusing on creating a market-oriented, law-based and international business environment, we will continue to promote the reform of "decentralization, regulation, and service". We must simultaneously implement regulatory responsibilities and measures for the cancellation and decentralization of approval items, and establish a collection and notification system for cases that damage the business environment.

Fully implement the list management of administrative licensing items.

Continue to expand market access, carry out market access efficiency evaluation pilots, and comprehensively establish a system for collecting and reporting cases that violate the negative list for market access.

  (11) Create a fair competitive market environment.

Deeply promote the implementation of fair competition policies, fully implement the fair competition review system, and prevent the introduction of policies and measures that include local protection, market segmentation, and designated transactions.

Strengthen anti-monopoly and anti-unfair competition, investigate and punish monopoly agreements, abuse of market dominance and unfair competition in accordance with the law, and maintain a fair and orderly market environment.

Strengthen the protection and utilization of intellectual property rights.

  (12) Continue to optimize government services.

Deepen the reform of the commercial system, increase the promotion of the reform of "separation of licenses and licenses", and accelerate the promotion of the standardization and standardization of the national registration business.

Further reduce various certification matters.

Expand the scope of "trans-provincial handling", basically realize the mutual recognition of electronic certificates and licenses, and facilitate the cross-regional operation of enterprises.

Promote the integrated handling of government service matters.

  (13) Improve the facilitation of foreign investment.

Deeply implement the pre-entry national treatment plus negative list management system for foreign investment, and expand the scope of encouraging foreign investment.

Implement the 2021 version of the negative list for foreign investment access across the country and pilot free trade zones, manage fields outside the negative list in accordance with the principle of consistency between domestic and foreign investment, and give foreign-invested enterprises national treatment.

  (14) Practically standardize government procurement and bidding.

Efforts will be made to eliminate unreasonable restrictions such as ownership discrimination and local protection, and improve government procurement transaction rules.

Clean up and cancel unreasonable restrictions and barriers on bidding for enterprises of different ownerships and foreign bidders, and create a bidding market environment for fair competition.

Fully implement electronic bidding, and realize the online processing of the whole process of bidding announcement, bidding document release, bidding, bid opening, bid evaluation expert selection, objection clarification and correction, contract signing, and project payment payment.

Ease the pressure of rising labor costs

  (15) Continue the partial policy of reducing the labor cost of enterprises.

Continue to implement the policy of reducing unemployment insurance and work-related injury insurance premiums in stages.

For enterprises that do not lay off or reduce layoffs, continue to implement the inclusive unemployment insurance policy of stable job return, and increase the return ratio of small, medium and micro enterprises from 60% to a maximum of 90% in 2022.

  (16) Implement the policy of delaying the payment of unemployment insurance and work-related injury insurance premiums in difficult industries.

Provinces with large balances of unemployment insurance and work-related injury insurance funds are allowed to implement policies for catering, retail, and tourism enterprises to postpone the payment of unemployment insurance and work-related injury insurance premiums in stages.

  (17) Strengthen vocational skills training.

Continue to carry out large-scale vocational skills training, and jointly build and share a number of public training bases.

Use the 100 billion yuan unemployment insurance fund to support job stabilization and training, and accelerate the cultivation of urgently needed talents for the high-quality development of the manufacturing industry.

Reduce the cost of raw materials for enterprise land rent

  (18) Reduce the cost of land for enterprises.

Support the implementation of "standard land" assignment of industrial land to improve allocation efficiency.

Support the rational conversion of different industrial land types according to procedures, and improve policies for land use change, integration, and replacement.

Encourage the use of long-term leases, lease first and then lease, flexible term supply, etc. to supply industrial land, and effectively reduce the initial investment of enterprises.

  (19) Reduce housing rental costs.

In 2022, small and micro service enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households in the county-level administrative areas where the epidemic medium and high-risk areas are located will rent state-owned houses, and the rent will be reduced for 6 months in 2022, and the rent in other areas will be reduced for 3 months.

All localities can coordinate various funds to provide appropriate assistance to small and micro enterprises in the service industry and individual industrial and commercial households that rent non-state-owned houses.

Encourage non-state-owned housing leasing entities to reasonably share the losses caused by the epidemic on the basis of equal consultation.

  (20) Strengthen the supply and price stability of important raw materials and primary products.

Continue to do a good job in ensuring the supply and price of energy and important raw materials to ensure people's livelihood and the normal production and operation of electricity for enterprises.

Strengthen domestic resource production support capabilities, accelerate the exploration and development of oil, gas, minerals and other resources, and ensure the supply of primary products.

Strengthen the connection between production and demand of raw materials, and promote the linkage between upstream and downstream of the industrial chain.

Further strengthen the supervision of the commodity market, and strengthen the monitoring and early warning of commodity prices.

Promote logistics quality improvement, efficiency increase and cost reduction

  (21) Improve the modern logistics system.

Improve the comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network, promote the construction of national logistics hubs, national backbone cold chain logistics bases, and comprehensive freight hubs (logistics parks), and improve the collection and distribution system of port and station hubs.

Establish and improve the modern logistics operation system of "channel + hub + network", promote the integrated development of logistics and manufacturing, commerce, agriculture and other industries, accelerate the upgrading of logistics facilities and equipment and the innovation of business models, and promote the promotion of higher, wider and deeper levels Improve logistics quality, increase efficiency and reduce costs.

  (22) Adjust and optimize the transportation structure.

Deepen the construction of demonstration zones for transport structure adjustment.

Vigorously develop multimodal transport, and speed up the quality and expansion of multimodal transport demonstration projects.

Promote the development of container rail-water combined transport and inland container transport, and improve the service level of river-sea combined transport.

  (23) Standardize and reduce logistics charges.

Deepen the differentiated toll collection of expressways.

Strictly implement the "green channel" policy for the transportation of fresh and live agricultural products, and waive vehicle tolls for vehicles that legally load and transport products in the national unified "Catalogue of Fresh and Live Agricultural Products".

Reduce and merge port charges, reduce pilotage charges at coastal ports, and improve tugboat charges.

  (24) Reduce the cost of international logistics.

Deepen the reform of customs clearance facilitation, speed up the construction of an international logistics system, and help foreign trade reduce costs and improve efficiency.

Encourage foreign trade enterprises to sign long-term agreements with shipping enterprises, and guide localities and importers and exporters associations to organize small, medium and micro foreign trade enterprises and shipping enterprises to connect directly with shipping enterprises.

Guide enterprises to expand their exports to the west through the China-Europe freight train.

Improve the efficiency of corporate capital turnover

  (25) Prevent and resolve the problem of delinquent accounts of small and medium-sized enterprises.

Intensify efforts to clear up arrears of small and medium-sized enterprises, standardize the use of commercial acceptance bills, government agencies, public institutions and state-owned enterprises should take the lead in clearing arrears, and promote large-scale enterprises to pay for goods, projects, and services purchased by small and medium-sized enterprises in a timely manner.

Encourage and guide enterprises to tap potentials within

  (26) Support enterprise transformation and upgrading to reduce costs.

Promote the large-scale application of 5G, accelerate the development of the industrial Internet, and promote the digital transformation of the industry.

Encourage enterprises to make full use of digital technology and green technology, develop personalized customization, flexible production, intelligent manufacturing, and lean management, accelerate energy-saving and carbon-reducing transformation, and achieve cost reduction and efficiency increase.

  All relevant parties should further improve the coordination and promotion mechanism for cost reduction work, strengthen consultations, closely track the progress of key tasks, and solidly promote the implementation of various cost reduction policies.

It is necessary to strengthen the publicity of cost reduction policies, so that enterprises can understand and make good use of various preferential policies.

The inter-ministerial joint meeting on reducing the cost of real economy enterprises will continue to strengthen the sorting out of good experience and good practices, and do a good job in publicity and promotion.