To guide and give full play to the enthusiasm of social capital to invest in agriculture and rural areas, on the one hand, it is necessary to stimulate the vitality of social capital investment.

For the government, it is necessary to provide a good business environment and public services.

For capital, it is necessary to focus on key points and innovate methods.

On the other hand, it is necessary to regulate social capital investment behavior.

For the government, it is necessary to set up "traffic lights".

For capital, it is necessary to keep the bottom line and not touch the red line.

  A few days ago, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and the National Rural Development Bureau jointly issued the "Guidelines for Social Capital Investment in Agriculture and Rural Areas (2022)", which clarified 13 key industries and fields to encourage investment.

  From the perspective of rural development, expanding investment is inseparable from social capital.

Compared with industry and cities, agriculture and rural areas have long been short of funds.

Before winning the battle against poverty, various types of funds invested more than 12 trillion yuan. Now in the process of comprehensively promoting rural revitalization, there is more demand for funds, requiring multiple financial, financial and social inputs.

Social capital is one of the main forces of fixed asset investment in the primary industry. Making good use of social capital can not only inject funds into agriculture and rural areas, but also simultaneously introduce modern elements such as talents, technology and management.

  From the perspective of social capital, the countryside is a "blue ocean" and a "rich mine".

The comprehensive promotion of rural revitalization and the simultaneous modernization of hundreds of millions of farmers can release a huge amount of consumption and investment demand.

Under the new development pattern, rural revitalization and new-type urbanization are "two-wheel drive", and there is a lot of room for manoeuvre in rural areas, areas for investment, and kinetic energy that can be stimulated.

Capital pursues profits and pays attention to returns. Investing in agriculture and rural areas is promising, and can also enjoy subsidies or preferential policies.

This is an important reason for various types of enterprises to cross-border farming in recent years.

  It can be seen that whether we can correctly treat and scientifically guide social capital to invest in agriculture and rural areas is related to the overall situation of modernization construction and the overall development of urban-rural integration.

To this end, it is necessary to guide and give full play to the enthusiasm of social capital to invest in agriculture and rural areas.

  On the one hand, it is necessary to stimulate the vitality of social capital investment.

  For the government, it is necessary to provide a good business environment and public services.

Improve the transparency and availability of relevant information such as participation methods, operation methods, profit models, and investment returns for major engineering projects, and create a market environment for fair competition.

Clarify the support policies and preconditions that social capital can enjoy, maintain a relatively stable policy environment, allow market players to form clear expectations, and enhance investment confidence.

It is necessary to pay attention to its actual needs and help solve the pain points and difficulties such as financing and land use.

  For capital, it is necessary to focus on key points and innovate methods.

In the field of agriculture and rural areas, some things are suitable for farmers to do, and some are suitable for capital to do.

At the key level of the industry, we should not blindly spread out, we should focus on capital and technology-intensive industries, and focus on advantageous links, such as smart agriculture and facility agriculture.

In terms of investment methods, we should give full play to the advantages of marketization and specialization, improve the development model of the entire agricultural industry chain, explore the overall development model of rural areas, and innovate the cooperation model between government and social capital.

  On the other hand, it is necessary to regulate social capital investment behavior.

  For the government, it is necessary to set up "traffic lights".

In terms of supervision methods, establish and improve supervision and risk prevention mechanisms.

The land contracted by social capital leased by farmers shall be subject to upper limit control, graded filing, review and audit, risk guarantee funds, and interim and ex post supervision.

Especially in the county area, based on the existing foundation of the village, combined with the actual situation of the village, guide social capital to invest in a stable and orderly manner, and not engage in large-scale financing, large-scale development, and large-scale construction beyond the development stage.

  For capital, it is necessary to keep the bottom line and not touch the red line.

Engage in agricultural production and operation in accordance with laws and regulations, standardize labor, salary, social security and other affairs, improve contract performance capabilities, and do not harm farmers' rights and interests.

Follow the red line of arable land, do not occupy arable land for non-agricultural construction, do not "encircle the land" or "encircle but not plant", and implement the national requirements to prevent the "non-agricultural" and "non-grain" of arable land.

Keep the ecological red line, do not engage in large-scale demolition and construction, let alone build landscaping, cut down trees and dig mountains in violation of regulations, and effectively protect the rural ecological environment.

  Agriculture is a rising industry that never declines, and the countryside is a promising world.

The most urgent task is to create a group of cooperative platforms for social capital to invest in agriculture and rural areas, and provide a package of services such as planning, information, financing, land, and operation for capital to go to the countryside, so as to control risks, reduce costs, and improve efficiency.

Social capital itself should also focus on win-win cooperation, keep more industrial profits in the countryside, and leave more jobs to farmers, so as to drive the simultaneous development of rural areas and the simultaneous progress of farmers.

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