Our reporter Cao Xiuying
The "14th Five-Year Plan" period is a new stage of high-quality energy development in my country. It is expected that by 2025, the proportion of non-fossil energy consumption will increase to about 20%, and the proportion of non-fossil energy power generation will reach about 39%.
China has been the world's largest energy producer and consumer for many consecutive years.
"A new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation is booming around the world, and emerging energy technologies such as new energy, unconventional oil and gas, advanced nuclear energy, new energy storage, and hydrogen energy are accelerating their iterations at an unprecedented speed, becoming the core driving force for global energy transformation and change. ." Zhang Jianhua, Secretary of the Party Group and Director of the National Energy Administration, said that during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, it is urgent to accelerate the advancement of the energy industry foundation and the modernization of the industrial chain to further stimulate new kinetic energy for energy innovation and development.
The National Energy Administration and the Ministry of Science and Technology recently jointly issued the "14th Five-Year Plan for Scientific and Technological Innovation in the Energy Sector" (hereinafter referred to as the "Plan"), which pointed out the direction for scientific and technological innovation in the energy sector.
my country's energy technology revolution has achieved phased results
In recent years, with the improvement of the technical level of non-traditional renewable energy such as solar energy and wind energy and the decrease of cost, many countries in the world have accelerated the pace of renewable energy development.
The report "Innovation: An Unquenchable Torch" released by CICC believes that technological innovation is the core driving force for the efficient and low-cost development of China's energy manufacturing industry, and will also play an important role in promoting China's energy transition and energy security.
From a global perspective, green and low carbon is the main direction of energy technology innovation, and the application of innovation results will be concentrated in key areas such as clean and efficient utilization of fossil energy, large-scale development and utilization of new energy, safe utilization of nuclear energy, and large-scale energy storage.
All major countries in the world regard energy technology as the breakthrough point of a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial revolution, and have formulated various policies and measures to seize the commanding heights of development.
"The energy pattern is undergoing profound changes, and the energy transformation with technological innovation as the main line is accelerating." Du Zhongming, president of the General Electric Power Planning and Design Institute, believes that after the two five-year planning periods of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" and "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan", my country's The energy technology revolution has achieved phased results, and the innovation capability has been significantly improved. It has achieved a number of "world firsts" and "international firsts", mastered a number of key core technologies with independent intellectual property rights, and built a number of advanced technologies. High-quality energy demonstration projects with technical indicators, a batch of clean and efficient energy equipment products with international competitiveness have been promoted, a relatively complete clean energy equipment manufacturing industry chain has been established, and the security level of the energy industry chain and supply chain has been continuously improved.
Scientific research strength and advantageous resources are gathered in key energy innovation fields
The heads of the Science and Technology Department of the National Energy Administration and the High-tech Department of the Ministry of Science and Technology said frankly that there is still a certain gap between my country's energy technology innovation level and the world's energy technology powerhouse and the inherent requirements of leading the energy revolution. The advantages of energy technology and equipment are not obvious, and there are few original, leading and disruptive technologies in the energy field, and the development of green and low-carbon technologies cannot effectively support the green and low-carbon transformation of energy; the policy mechanism to promote energy technology innovation needs to be improved.
In response to the problems and deficiencies in the development of energy science and technology, Du Zhongming said that the "Planning" put forward the main development goals: during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, the existing major short-board technology and equipment in the energy field will achieve breakthroughs, and a number of new energy long-board technologies will be formed. Advantages, the energy technology innovation system is further improved, and energy technology innovation will strongly support and lead the high-quality development of the energy industry.
At the same time, the "Plan" also puts forward specific development goals in the construction of new power systems with new energy as the main body, the development and utilization of nuclear power and fossil energy, and the digitalization and intelligence of the energy industry. Strength and superior resources are gathered in key energy technology innovation fields.
Promote the alliance of superior enterprises to break through key core technologies
Relevant studies have shown that the "14th Five-Year Plan" period is a new stage of high-quality energy development in my country. The ability to ensure energy security will be further enhanced, the level of green and low-carbon development will be further improved, the construction of new power systems will be accelerated, and the level of modernization of the energy industry chain will also be improved. will be significantly improved.
It is expected that by 2025, the proportion of non-fossil energy consumption will increase to about 20%, and the proportion of non-fossil energy power generation will reach about 39%.
Du Zhongming said that in the face of the new situation and new goals, the "Planning" did not continue the formulation ideas of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" and "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" when building an innovation path, but fully connected and cooperated with the energy sources during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period. Development characteristics, break the professional limitations of special research in the "Plan", focus on technological innovation problems that need to be broken through, and focus on advanced renewable energy, new power systems, safe and efficient nuclear energy, green and efficient fossil energy development and utilization, energy digitalization and intelligence, etc. Relevant centralized research, demonstration experiments and application promotion tasks have been determined, relevant demonstration projects have been deployed in the form of columns, and a technical roadmap has been formulated.
It is worth mentioning that in terms of stimulating the vitality of innovative entities, the "Planning" emphasizes that enterprises are the main line.
"Energy central enterprises have always played a leading role in promoting my country's energy technology innovation, and are the leaders in the implementation of my country's major energy innovation projects." Du Zhongming said that the "Planning" proposed to give full play to the central enterprises in the energy field as the main force in tackling key technical equipment shortcomings. , The source of original technology and the role of the "chain length" of the modern industrial chain, to promote the combination of powerful enterprises in various fields, and to break through the key core technologies that restrict and improve the modernization level of the energy industry chain.Keywords: