Comprehensive Bonded Zone Management Opens a New Journey of Standardization and Legalization The Measures for the Administration of Customs Comprehensive Bonded Zones will come into force on April 1

  core reading

  According to data recently released by the General Administration of Customs, in 2021, the national comprehensive bonded zone will achieve an import and export value of 5.9 trillion yuan, which is 2.4 percentage points higher than the national foreign trade import and export value, and contributes 16.5% to my country's foreign trade. Five-fifths of the country's land area has achieved one-seventh of the country's foreign trade import and export value.

  □ Our reporter Cai Yanhong

  Recently, with the approval of the establishment of the Qingdao Airport Comprehensive Bonded Zone, there are 156 comprehensive bonded zones in my country, covering 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities).

According to data recently released by the General Administration of Customs, in 2021, the national comprehensive bonded zone will achieve an import and export value of 5.9 trillion yuan, which is 2.4 percentage points higher than the national foreign trade import and export value, and contributes 16.5% to my country's foreign trade. Five-fifths of the country's land area has achieved one-seventh of the country's foreign trade import and export value.

  "Comprehensive bonded zones play an important role in developing foreign trade, attracting foreign investment, and promoting industrial transformation and upgrading, and have become an important platform for my country's opening to the outside world," said Chen Zhenchong, director of the Free Trade Zone and Special Area Development Department of the General Administration of Customs.

  In order to continuously improve the standardization and rule of law in the management of comprehensive bonded areas, and promote the high-level opening and high-quality development of comprehensive bonded areas, starting from April 1 this year, the General Administration of Customs issued the "Administrative Measures for the Customs Comprehensive Bonded Areas of the People's Republic of China" (hereinafter referred to as "Comprehensive Bonded Areas"). Measures for the Administration of the Protected Areas”) came into force.

The relevant person in charge of the General Administration of Customs said that the next step will be to strictly review and approve the newly established comprehensive bonded area, strengthen the supervision during and after the event, and guide the comprehensive bonded area to adapt to local conditions, reflect its characteristics, and develop in a dislocation; do a good job in the annual development performance evaluation of the comprehensive bonded area. The unsatisfactory comprehensive bonded area shall be withdrawn from the work according to the procedures.

  Build an important platform for opening up

  "Comprehensive bonded area is the highest form of special customs supervision area, and it is a special customs supervision area with the highest level of opening, the most preferential policies, the most complete functions, and the most simplified procedures. It has become an important carrier and platform for my country's opening to the outside world. Development has provided an important driving force," said Min Xuelian, deputy director of Qingdao Customs Free Trade Zone and Special Area Development Office.

  According to reports, on June 2, 1990, my country established the first special customs supervision area - Shanghai Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone.

Since then, according to the needs of export-oriented economic development, five types of special customs supervision zones have been established successively, namely export processing zones, bonded logistics parks, cross-border industrial zones, bonded port zones and comprehensive bonded zones.

  The Party Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to the development of special customs supervision areas.

In 2012, the State Council issued the "Guiding Opinions of the State Council on Promoting the Scientific Development of Special Customs Supervision Areas", which clarified that the newly established Customs Special Supervision Areas were uniformly named comprehensive bonded areas.

In January 2019, the State Council issued the "Several Opinions of the State Council on Promoting the High-level Opening-up and High-Quality Development of Comprehensive Bonded Zones", which gave the comprehensive bonded zone the historical mission of accelerating innovation and upgrading and building a new highland for opening to the outside world, and proposed to promote the comprehensive bonded zone to become a The development goals of processing and manufacturing centers, R&D and design centers, logistics distribution centers, inspection and maintenance centers, and sales and service centers with global influence and competitiveness, and 21 policy measures have been introduced.

  "With the continuous increase in the number of comprehensive bonded zones, all sectors of the society are eager to introduce special customs management measures as soon as possible. In this regard, the General Administration of Customs actively responded to the expectations of all walks of life, and announced the "Administrative Measures for Comprehensive Bonded Zones on the first day of the year 2022" "." Chen Zhenchong told reporters.

  Regarding the "Administrative Measures for Comprehensive Bonded Areas", Chen Zhenchong summarized five characteristics: inheriting the core content of the "Interim Measures for the Administration of Customs Bonded Port Areas of the People's Republic of China" (hereinafter referred to as the "Interim Measures"), it is clarified that comprehensive bonded areas implement closed management.

Except for security guards, no one is allowed to live in the area.

Unless otherwise provided by laws and regulations, the goods and articles whose import and export are prohibited by the state shall not be entered or exited between the comprehensive bonded area and the outside world.

  Consolidate policies and measures for comprehensive bonded zones.

The "Administrative Measures for Comprehensive Bonded Areas" embodies the regulatory policies and measures scattered in various normative documents.

On the basis of the business scope stipulated in the "Interim Measures", emerging businesses such as financial leasing, cross-border e-commerce, and futures bonded delivery have been added.

  It reflects the new functions of the customs after the institutional reform.

Increase inspection and quarantine related laws as the legislative basis.

It is clarified that quarantine is implemented in the entry and exit links in principle, and the security of the country is strictly observed, and quarantine is not implemented for goods entering and leaving between the comprehensive bonded zone and outside the zone.

  Reserve space for innovation and development.

The restrictive provisions of the "Interim Measures" that "except for non-profit facilities that guarantee the normal work and living needs of personnel in the bonded port area, shall not establish commercial living and consumption facilities and conduct commercial retail business in the bonded port area". In the next step, areas with actual needs reserve space for innovation and development.

  In addition, collaborative governance is emphasized.

It is clarified that the lawful implementation of supervision by the customs in the comprehensive bonded zone will not affect the local government and other departments to perform their corresponding duties according to law.

  Midwest undertakes industrial transfer

  On February 18, a thank-you letter from Dell (Chengdu) Co., Ltd. was delivered to Chengdu Customs, expressing gratitude for customs facilitation reforms such as work-order write-off and "first-out, then-report" customs clearance mode in special supervision areas.

Benefiting from the policy dividend of the comprehensive bonded zone, the company's shipments in 2021 will account for nearly half of Dell's global shipments, reaching a new record high.

  The achievement of Dell's achievements is not only a sketch of the customs' continuous deepening of the reform of "decentralization, regulation and service", but also a microcosm of the high-level opening and high-quality development of the comprehensive bonded zone.

  The General Administration of Customs revealed that in recent years, my country has accelerated the layout of special areas in the central and western regions.

Data shows that in 2021, comprehensive bonded zones in Sichuan, Chongqing, Henan, Shaanxi and other places will attract a number of high-end industries and supporting manufacturing enterprises such as HP, Foxconn, and Samsung to settle down. %, realizing the gradient transfer of processing trade to the central and western regions, and has also become an important platform for the province and city to develop an export-oriented economy.

  In particular, the "same enterprise and cross-region" reform innovatively carried out by the Customs in Chengdu High-tech Comprehensive Bonded Zone has realized the free circulation of bonded goods of the same enterprise between different zones in the Comprehensive Bonded Zone, shortening the customs clearance time and reducing economic costs; pharmaceuticals The innovative model of joint supervision of domestic sales has opened up the "last mile" of domestic sales of pharmaceutical companies' products in the comprehensive bond area.

A series of reform and innovation measures have promoted the comprehensive protection zone to further contribute to the high-quality development of foreign trade.

  According to Lei Su, director of the Chengdu Customs Free Trade Zone and Special Area Development Office, the Administrative Measures for Comprehensive Bonded Zones, which was officially implemented on April 1, added support for new business types and models such as financial leasing and cross-border e-commerce to enter the zone. The development will promote the development of the Comprehensive Bonded Zone into a globally influential and competitive processing and manufacturing center, R&D and design center, logistics distribution center, inspection and maintenance center, and sales and service center, which play an important guiding role.

  Facilitate the rapid growth of emerging businesses

  Suzhou JD Aviation Technology Co., Ltd. is located in the Comprehensive Bonded Zone of Suzhou High-tech Zone. It is mainly engaged in helicopter bonded maintenance, bonded exhibition, and operating leasing. It is the first helicopter global maintenance and testing center in Jiangsu Province.

However, how to dispose of the various wastes and bad parts generated in the helicopter maintenance process made it difficult for the company.

  After the Suzhou Customs Office in Huqiu, a subsidiary of Nanjing Customs, learned about the situation, it immediately launched the "enterprise problem clearing" mechanism, replicated the innovative system of "one-chain customs clearance" in the Suzhou Free Trade Zone, and introduced a third-party notary agency to participate in the process. Complete repair scrap destruction.

"The joint participation of customs and notaries has solved a series of 'difficulties' such as the difficulty in inventorying and supervision of the company's waste. It makes the process more standardized and information more transparent, which effectively reduces our risk of violations and operating costs." Suzhou Jet Airways Yue Xueyong, deputy general manager of Technology Co., Ltd., praised it.

  With the industrial transformation, upgrading, innovation and development, enterprises in the Comprehensive Bonded Zone of Jiangsu Province have generated a large number of demands for new formats with higher added value, such as R&D, testing, maintenance, etc. Nanjing Customs has established a The special customs supervision account books for "bonded research and development" and "bonded maintenance" change the traditional management mode of fixed consumption of materials, and help enterprises to upgrade from traditional processing trade to a new business format of "manufacturing + technical services".

"After the implementation of the "Administrative Measures for the Comprehensive Bonded Zone", it will bring new benefits to emerging businesses such as global maintenance, bonded R&D, cross-border e-commerce and futures bonded delivery in the comprehensive bonded zone," said Hu Wenjie, director of the Free Trade Department of Nanjing Customs. .

  From "buying the world" to "selling the world", the global central warehouse looks at Huangpu.

"After the establishment of a global central warehouse in Huangpu Comprehensive Bonded Zone, the company's business has become more diversified, and cross-border e-commerce, inter-regional allocation, entrepot trade, and general trade domestic sales can be done!" Guangzhou Haolian Logistics Supply Chain Co., Ltd. Customs responsible person Yu Biao said.

  In order to give full play to the role of the distribution hub in the Comprehensive Bonded Zone, Suidong Customs, a subsidiary of Huangpu Customs, vigorously promotes the reform of "classified supervision of warehoused goods by state", allowing non-bonded goods to enter the special customs supervision area in a non-declared manner, and to be assembled and distributed with bonded goods. Afterwards, the enterprises in the zone do not need to rent additional warehouses outside the zone to store non-bonded goods, which effectively reduces the warehousing and logistics costs of enterprises.

  "The supporting role of emerging business formats for the high-quality development of the comprehensive bonded zone has been continuously improved." According to the data given by Chen Zhenchong, in 2021, the industry in the national comprehensive bonded zone will be steadily upgraded, and the import and export value of the bonded maintenance business will be 185.67 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 3.8%; The import and export value of the overseas e-commerce online shopping bonded business was 68.82 billion yuan, an increase of 9.9% year-on-year; the import and export value of the bonded leasing trade business was 112.12 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 40.6%; the import and export value of the bonded R&D business was 2.81 billion yuan, an increase of 876.3% year-on-year.

Keywords: