Our reporter Bao Xing'an

  Recently, Shanghai, Tianjin, Shenzhen, Guangdong, Hunan and other places have introduced a number of high "golden" policies such as tax rebates, rent reductions, financial subsidies, and financial support to help market entities.

  Shanghai introduced

  21 Relief Policies to Help Enterprises

  On March 29, the General Office of the Shanghai Municipal People's Government issued the "Several Policies and Measures for Shanghai to Fight the Epidemic to Help Enterprises Promote Development" (hereinafter referred to as "Measures"), and put forward 21 policies to help enterprises and fully support relevant industries and enterprises. Enterprises overcome difficulties and resume development.

  Liu Xiangdong, deputy director of the Economic Research Department of the China Center for International Economic Exchanges, told the "Securities Daily" reporter that recently, there have been many outbreaks in many places in my country, especially in Shanghai. The situation of small, medium and micro enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households has become worse. It is recommended to strengthen policy support to further relieve the difficulties of small and medium-sized enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households.

  "Generally speaking, this policy has a high gold content. It combines tax rebates, tax reductions, fee reductions, rent reductions and exemptions, financial subsidies, financial support, assistance to enterprises to stabilize jobs, and other relief policies for enterprises." On March 29 Ruan Qing, deputy director of the Shanghai Development and Reform Commission, said at a press conference held in Shanghai on the prevention and control of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, according to preliminary estimates, tax-related policies alone can reduce the burden of related industries and enterprises in the city by about 140 billion yuan in 2022.

  The "Measures" focus on reducing the burden on various types of enterprises in terms of implementing large-scale value-added tax credits and refunds, increasing tax and fee reduction policies, extending the period for filing and paying taxes, and reducing or exempting small and micro enterprises and individual industrial and commercial household rents.

For example, the “six taxes and two fees” reduction and exemption policy shall be implemented at the top level within the reduction and exemption range stipulated by the state.

The sub-district administrative area where the high-risk areas of the epidemic are located will be exempted from rent for 6 months in 2022, and other areas will be exempted from rent for 3 months.

  In terms of increasing financial support, the "Measures" focus on relieving corporate funds in terms of strengthening financing guarantees, implementing interest discount policies for enterprises in difficulty, increasing inclusive financial support, promoting financial institutions to reduce fees and profits, and play the role of insurance risk protection. difficult and reduce financing costs.

  For example, discounts will be given to new loans in 2022 for enterprises in difficulties in industries such as retail and transportation that are greatly affected by the epidemic; first loans, credit loans, and loan renewals without principal repayment will be further increased for small and micro enterprises. Blindly cherish loans, withdraw loans, cut off loans, and suppress loans; promote financial institutions to reduce bank account service fees, RMB transfer and remittance fees, bank card swipe fees, e-banking service fees, payment account service fees, etc.

  Pan Helin, co-director of the Digital Economy and Financial Innovation Research Center of Zhejiang University International Business School, told the Securities Daily reporter that the introduction of policies such as tax cuts and fee reductions, financial support, etc., on the one hand, took into account the repeated impact of the epidemic and adopted various measures. , reduce the operating cost of the enterprise, retain more cash flow for the enterprise, and help the enterprise to tide over the difficulties.

On the other hand, tax rebates and tax reductions are also conducive to the development of the local economy, releasing water and raising fish, and by optimizing the industrial structure, enterprises have more spare capacity for transformation and upgrading.

  Increase support

  Let more SMEs "get through"

  In fact, in addition to Shanghai, Tianjin, Shenzhen, Guangdong, Hunan and other places have also introduced a number of high "gold content" policies.

  On March 28, the General Office of the People's Government of Hunan Province issued the "Several Policies of Hunan Province to Promote the Recovery and Development of Some Difficult Industries in the Service Industry", proposing 36 measures, including tax reduction and fee reduction, employment support, rent reduction and exemption, financial support, optimization Business environment, power support, etc., to promote some difficult industries in the service industry in Hunan Province to overcome difficulties and resume development.

  On March 25, Shenzhen issued "Shenzhen's Measures to Further Help Market Entities Relieve Difficulties in Responding to the New Coronary Pneumonia Epidemic", and launched 30 measures to provide "real money" gift packages for market entities' bailout and development.

These policies and measures are expected to reduce the burden of market players in the city by more than 75 billion yuan, focusing on housing rent reductions and exemptions, reducing the burden of water and electricity costs, subsidies for epidemic elimination, and delaying the payment of social insurance premiums.

  On March 25, the General Office of the Tianjin Municipal Government issued the "Several Measures on Relieving Enterprises and Supporting the Development of Market Entities", proposing 15 measures, focusing on tax reduction and exemption, stabilizing employment, financial support and other aspects. Gold and silver, provide precise support, help enterprises to solve difficulties, and minimize the impact of the epidemic on economic and social development.

  On March 25, the Guangdong Provincial People's Government issued the "Several Measures of Guangdong Province to Promote the Recovery and Development of Difficult Industries in the Service Industry", focusing on the difficult industries in the service industry and proposing 47 measures, in addition to the 13 inclusive relief and support measures It also focuses on the catering industry, retail industry, tourism industry, road, water and railway transportation industry, and civil aviation industry. Five industries with special difficulties have introduced targeted measures. Through financial subsidies, rent tax reduction, financial credit support and other means, we will fully help the service industry. Overcome difficulties and resume development.

  Pan Helin suggested that in the future, support for small, medium and micro enterprises should be further increased. While increasing the support of inclusive tax policies, more help should be provided to enterprises in difficulty.

  "Previously, the large-scale tax and fee reduction policies implemented by governments at all levels had a certain effect on alleviating the production difficulties of the manufacturing industry, but the effect was limited for small, medium and micro enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households that had fallen into losses and could not make normal revenue." Liu Xiangdong said Therefore, it is necessary to intensify the bailout policy to help enterprises and provide more assistance to enterprises in difficulty, especially those suffering from force majeure. More small, medium and micro enterprises have "survived".

(Securities Daily)

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