Instant delivery of drones comes quietly

   . Our reporter Ji Leilei

  UAVs deliver parcels, UAVs transport epidemic prevention materials, UAVs deliver milk tea takeaways... With the innovative application of a new generation of Internet technology, some intelligent "delivery staff" aiming to solve the "last mile" of logistics and distribution take turns In the battle, air logistics channels have been set up in scenarios such as epidemic control areas, mountainous areas with complex terrain, and urban end distribution, which have attracted much attention.

  Data shows that by the end of 2021, in the field of emerging UAV formats, various types of UAVs will fly an average of 45,700 hours a day, and continue to make efforts in the fields of aerial photography, inspection, logistics and distribution, and urban air transportation.

  "Unmanned distribution represented by drones is a major trend in logistics distribution." Liu Shengjun, an associate professor at the Law School of the Civil Aviation University of China and a young scholar at Blue Sky, said in an interview with reporters that with the improvement of my country's logistics and distribution network, the public's immediate There are higher expectations for delivery efficiency, which also means that drone delivery services will usher in huge market demand.

  Liu Shengjun analyzed that for consumers, instant delivery of drones can not only allow consumers to enjoy the convenient services of receiving express delivery and takeaways, but also minimize human contact during the epidemic and reduce the risk of virus transmission; for general merchants For example, it can expand the coverage of goods and services, increase store sales, and reduce the impact of the epidemic on store business; for delivery staff, it can improve delivery efficiency and provide delivery services to more consumers.

  In the context of the sharp increase in material transportation pressure and the outbreak of non-contact distribution demand, the convenience, safety, and efficiency of drones have attracted attention.

First, the amphibious drone of China Post Express achieved a successful test flight, then released a large-scale drone for logistics and freight, and then the normal operation of Meituan drone in Shenzhen, providing instant delivery to more than 8,000 residents in 7 areas Services... These attempts have propelled the field of drone delivery services.

  "The essence of technology is to serve people, and drones are also to provide delivery services for consumers." According to Mao Yiian, the head of Meituan's drone business, taking Meituan's takeaway route in Shenzhen as an example, takeaway The rider actually plays the role of the food picker. The rider goes to the store to pick up and pack food, and after loading the take-out at the nearby take-off site, the drone will fly over by itself through the route scheduled in the background and land at the community airport.

The community airport unloads the lunch box, and then transfers the lunch box to the user, who scans the code to open it and take it away.

"In the whole process, the drone is the courier in the air, the dispatch system in the cloud is the dispatcher, and the airport in the community is the community attendant. These three parts are like a set of urban low-altitude logistics network system to provide services for users." a year said.

  It is worth noting that in addition to "fast", drone delivery needs to be "steady".

"The safety of drones is the focus of many consumers." Liu Shengjun introduced that from the current drone application technology, when the drone fails or an accident occurs, it will trigger an automatic return operation and slowly land on the ground .

Even if the drone's automatic return-to-home system fails, the backup safety system - ejecting the drone's parachute can prevent the fall from causing damage to people or objects on the ground.

In addition, in order to avoid the collision of drones with urban obstacles or other drones during the delivery process, detection and collision avoidance can be achieved through a complete detection and collision avoidance system.

  As a frontier field of science and technology, UAV distribution requires timely intervention and tracking observation by regulatory authorities.

Liu Shengjun suggested that the regulatory authorities should force drone delivery companies to take out liability insurance to provide insurance protection for damaged personnel and property.

At the same time, drone distribution companies should also establish systems, procedures and standards for safe operation, take precautions in advance and conduct standardized interventions in emergency situations, and make immediate compensation for damaged personnel and property afterwards.

UAV distribution companies should report fixed operating routes, which can be changed midway, but should be reported every time they change, so as to realize the disclosure and interaction of information and prevent collisions.

  For the commercialization of drone delivery to land as soon as possible in my country, it is also necessary to follow up on policy improvement and the update of laws and regulations.

The Shenzhen Municipal Bureau of Justice issued the "Shenzhen Civil UAV Management Measures (Draft for Comment)" in October last year, which clearly stipulated the logistics and distribution of UAVs in the city.

"This is the first time that UAV logistics distribution has appeared in local legislation, which means that legal policies have begun to recognize that UAV distribution is also expected to be imagined from a business model and enter the stage of pilot implementation and gradual promotion and implementation." Liu Shengjun said.