"Two Sessions Financial Eyes" Series Report 10: Grasping the New Opportunities of Technological Change to Make the Digital Economy Stronger, Better and Bigger

  2021 is a landmark year in the history of the party and the country.

Looking back at the past year, my country achieved the first centenary goal, started a new journey towards the second centenary goal, calmly responded to the century-old changes and the epidemic of the century, took new steps to build a new development pattern, and achieved high-quality development. The new achievements have achieved a good start in the "14th Five-Year Plan".

On the occasion of the National Two Sessions in 2022, People's Daily Online's "Two Sessions "Finance and Economics Eyes" focuses on hot topics during the National Two Sessions and key content in the government work report, from economic goals, tax reduction and fee reduction, green development, rural revitalization, digital economy From other perspectives, a group of representative committee members, authoritative experts, and industry leaders were interviewed in a concentrated manner to offer suggestions for promoting high-quality economic development.

  The digital economy is related to the overall situation of national development.

  This year's government work report mentioned that it is necessary to promote the development of the digital economy.

Strengthen the overall layout of digital China construction.

Build digital information infrastructure, promote the large-scale application of 5G, promote the digital transformation of industries, and develop smart cities and digital villages.

Improve digital economy governance, unleash the potential of data elements, better empower economic development and enrich people's lives.

  In an interview with People's Daily Online, several representatives said that the digital economy has become a new engine for global economic development and a key area of ​​a new round of international competition.

The development of the digital economy is of great significance. It is an important opportunity to seize the new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation. It is conducive to promoting the optimization and upgrading of my country's industrial structure, accelerating the transformation of new and old kinetic energy, promoting the transformation of development methods, and seizing global competitive advantages.

However, at the same time, it has also brought many new challenges to digital governance, and problems such as data security and the difficulty of digital transformation of small and medium-sized enterprises have become increasingly prominent.

Grasp multiple favorable conditions

Digital economy becomes a new engine of economic growth

  "Digital technology provides new momentum for economic growth and has become an important growth point for economic development. my country has favorable conditions for developing the digital economy." Jiang Xiaojuan, member of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress and vice chairman of the Social Construction Committee of the National People's Congress, was interviewed time indicated.

  "The huge scale of my country's digital market is a great advantage." Jiang Xiaojuan said that my country has 1.14 billion monthly active mobile Internet users, and at the same time, the per capita Internet usage time ranks among the top in the world, with 6 hours of Internet access on mobile terminals every day.

The huge-scale digital consumer market enables the domestic digital industry to simultaneously gain the dual advantages of economies of scale and competitive effects, driving business model innovation and opening up new growth space.

  "At the same time, my country's digital infrastructure has developed very rapidly in recent years. The scale of 5G base station construction is the world's leading, large-scale commercial use has been launched in hundreds of large and medium-sized cities, and the number of Internet broadband access ports has exceeded 1 billion. A strong communication foundation The facilities can establish a wide range of connections, and the high-quality digital transmission capability supports the delivery of rich content in the cyberspace." Jiang Xiaojuan said.

  According to data from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, in 2021, Internet and related service enterprises above designated size with Internet platform enterprises as the core will complete business revenue of 1.55 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 21.2%.

Among them, platform service revenue reached 576.7 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 32.8%, accounting for 37.2% of Internet business revenue, a year-on-year increase of 3.8 percentage points.

  Jiang Xiaojuan believes that my country's digital enterprises are highly competitive. While the digital economy promotes the efficiency of the service industry, it also empowers various economic fields such as agriculture and manufacturing through service innovation by digital producers, improving the efficiency of various economic behaviors. Create huge room for growth.

  In the opinion of Zhang Wenzhong, chairman of Wumart Group, the digital age is an important opportunity for everyone to re-develop and progress, which not only makes corporate decision-making more efficient and operations smarter, but also improves the economic benefits of the company in a greater and wider range. .

Especially for traditional industries, which can be deconstructed and reconstructed with the support of digitalization, it has entered a new stage of development. It is necessary to seize and enjoy the opportunities of the digital age, and to allow everyone to enjoy the dividends of the digital age.

  The digital economy, characterized by emerging technologies such as big data, blockchain, 5G, and the Internet of Things, is reshaping the business models of various industries.

Zhang Deqiang, chairman of Visionox, said that in the digital economy, the screen, as a carrier of information presentation and a window for human-computer interaction, has been fully integrated into people's daily lives, such as mobile phone displays, computer displays, vehicle displays and TV displays. .

The new display benefits from the rapid development of the "new infrastructure" technology of the digital economy, and at the same time, it can synergistically promote the integration and application of big data, the Internet of Things, industrial development and people's social life, smooth the technological cycle development under the digital economy, and further stimulate the vitality of the digital economy.

  "Looking forward to the development trend of the digital economy during the '14th Five-Year Plan' period, it is certain that the digital economy will inject new momentum and vitality into the Chinese economy, and digital technology will comprehensively improve the efficiency level of the service industry and the entire economy. Rapid and healthy development has become an important factor in stabilizing the overall economic market and maintaining medium-to-high-speed economic growth, making China's economic expectations more optimistic and development more confident." Jiang Xiaojuan said.

The rapid development of the global digital economy

Opportunities and challenges coexist in the digital transformation of SMEs

  At present, the global digital economy is developing rapidly.

According to data from the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology, in 2020, the digital economy of developed countries will reach US$24.4 trillion, accounting for 74.7% of the global total.

The digital economy of developed countries accounts for 54.3% of GDP, far exceeding the level of 27.6% in developing countries.

  Liu Shangxi, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and president of the Chinese Academy of Fiscal Sciences, focused on the development of the digital economy.

According to his observations, in recent years, the development of my country's digital economy has slowed down.

According to data released by the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology, the growth rate of my country's digital economy has dropped from 21% in 2018 to 9.6% in 2020, with an obvious slowdown in growth.

  "The overall planning and coordination of policies is insufficient, and there is a phenomenon of repeated supervision." Liu Shangxi took APP compliance as an example to illustrate that in addition to Internet information, there are also repeated monitoring by many departments such as public security, industry and information technology, and city supervision.

Due to inconsistent specific enforcement standards, the compliance risk of companies innovating in the digital field has risen significantly, which is not conducive to further enhancing the value of data as a key element of the digital economy.

  According to He Qiang, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and a professor at the Central University of Finance and Economics, for small and medium-sized enterprises, although most of them have realized the importance of digital upgrading and transformation, due to their own difficulties and challenges, the degree of transformation is far lower. at the level of large enterprises.

  According to the data of China Electronics Standardization Institute, in 2020, the proportion of digital equipment application in key processes of small and medium-sized enterprises in my country will be 45%, the coverage of production process information systems will be 40%, and the equipment networking rate will be 35%, only 5% of small and medium-sized enterprises use big data analysis technology to provide optimization suggestions and decision support for production and manufacturing.

  Small and medium-sized enterprises are the main force in the development of the digital economy, the main battlefield of digital transformation, the carrier of employment expansion, and the key to improving people's livelihood. How to further promote their transformation efficiency, and what bottlenecks are they currently facing?

  He Qiang believes that the digital transformation and upgrading of enterprises is a complex systematic project, which requires continuous investment of a lot of time and funds in all aspects, which is unbearable for small and medium-sized enterprises.

The technical level of SMEs is not high, and it is difficult to meet the development, deployment, operation and maintenance needs of enterprise digital platforms, lack of effective data collection, and data analysis level is also difficult to meet the needs, most digital technology and platform companies in the market lack physical operations themselves Experience.

  Xiao Xinguang, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, said that digital transformation and upgrading are more dependent on software, and there are some challenges to ensure the security of the digital transformation process.

For example, software components and dependencies lack transparency, open source code and ecological risk response capabilities lack support, software development security standards and specifications are outdated, and they cannot cover the full life cycle.

  "Software security is very important. Once it is affected, it will damage people's production and life, social and economic activities, and even national security. Measures need to be taken to ensure software security, so as to ensure the digital transformation process." Xiao Xinguang said.

  Jiang Biwang, chairman of Nano Micro Technology, believes that some industries are still facing "stuck neck" technical problems in key areas. The key is to adhere to original innovation and transform from a low-end development model of imitation and tracking to a high-end model of innovation and leadership. Seize the opportunity in the wave of economic development and improve the core competitiveness of enterprises.

Optimize the ecological environment for innovation and entrepreneurship

Strengthen the research and development of key core technologies in basic fields

  So, how to empower the development of my country's digital economy?

  "It is necessary to continue to encourage leading digital technology companies to become stronger, better and bigger, and to give full play to the head goose effect." Liu Shangxi suggested that we should constantly improve the supervision method of platform companies, encourage platform companies to innovate and develop, and encourage leading companies to continue to strengthen basic areas. The research and development of key core technologies helps to build my country's independent and controllable industrial ecology.

  At the same time, he also suggested that leading enterprises should be encouraged to cooperate with upstream and downstream enterprises in the industry to jointly build an open scientific and technological innovation and application ecology, so as to form innovation synergy and reduce the "duplicate construction" of the industry, so as to speed up the penetration of digital technology into traditional industries and give full play to the impact of digitalization on traditional industries. The amplification, superposition and multiplication effect of the real economy, and encourages my country's digital technology enterprises to go global, and enhances the right to speak in global competition.

  Liu Shangxi believes that the innovation enthusiasm and ability of the market cannot be ignored, which requires further optimization of fair competition in the market and the investment and financing environment in the capital market.

In this process, it is necessary to fully implement the fair competition review system, clean up some outdated policies and regulations that hinder fair competition, and strengthen fair competition review before the introduction of new policies.

Further clarify the division of supervision, clarify supervision standards, clarify the "negative list", and enhance the transparency and guiding role of policies.

  Regarding the digital transformation of small and medium-sized enterprises, He Qiang suggested to speed up the construction of new infrastructure such as 5G networks and data centers, so as to provide small and medium-sized enterprises with friendly and reliable computing, network and storage capabilities; Participating public innovation service platforms increase support for new entity enterprises in terms of finance and taxation, establish and improve regulatory standards, and provide a good policy environment; research and establish classification and grading regulatory standards that are compatible with the development of the digital economy. Enterprises to drive the development of small and medium-sized enterprises provide a good policy and market environment.