How to strengthen the manufacturing industry
Manufacturing is the foundation of a country and the foundation of a strong country.
my country's total manufacturing industry has ranked first in the world for 12 consecutive years, and the manufacturing industry is complete, providing strong support for economic and social development.
At the same time, there is still a big gap in the innovation capability of my country's manufacturing industry, especially the key core technologies are still controlled by others.
The Central Economic Work Conference pointed out that it is necessary to enhance the core competitiveness of the manufacturing industry, launch a number of industrial base reengineering projects, and stimulate the emergence of a large number of "specialized, special and new" enterprises.
This year's government work report proposes to enhance the core competitiveness of the manufacturing industry.
The representatives who participated in the National People's Congress and the National People's Congress stated that it is necessary to lay a solid foundation for the core competitiveness of the three major manufacturing industries, namely, industrial technology foundation, industrial technology innovation capability and industrial chain supply chain resilience, and strive to achieve breakthroughs in intelligent manufacturing and green manufacturing. Approved "specialized and special new" enterprises have become a new force in the supply chain of the industrial chain.
Enhance the resilience of the industrial chain
To enhance the core competitiveness of the manufacturing industry, it is necessary to take the improvement of industrial basic capabilities as a key task, strengthen the supply guarantee of raw materials, key components, etc., implement the project of maintaining and stabilizing the chain of leading enterprises, and maintain the safety and stability of the industrial chain and supply chain.
"Faced with the complex situation of the century-old changes and the intertwined and superimposed epidemic situation of the century, speeding up the repair of short boards and forging long boards, and focusing on improving the stability and competitiveness of the industrial chain and supply chain, is a strategy to deal with the triple pressure of demand contraction, supply shock and expected weakening. This is a long-term strategy," said Yang Guiping, deputy to the National People's Congress, secretary of the Party Group and director of the Jiangxi Provincial Department of Industry and Information Technology.
Tan Xuguang, deputy to the National People's Congress, secretary of the party committee and chairman of Shandong Heavy Industry Group, and chairman of Weichai Group, believes that it is necessary to promote state-owned enterprises to focus on the main responsibility and main business, and to improve the support and driving ability of the industrial chain and supply chain.
National laboratories, national scientific research institutions, high-level research universities, and leading scientific and technological enterprises are an important part of the national strategic scientific and technological strength. It is necessary to consciously fulfill the mission of high-level scientific and technological self-reliance and self-improvement, and strive to make up for the bottleneck of the industrial technology foundation. Improve the basic capabilities of the industry.
China's manufacturing industry still has the problem of being big but not strong, especially in the fields of core basic components and basic manufacturing processes, basic electronic components, key basic materials, and key software. key projects.
Taking the machine tool industry as an example, Yu Xubo, deputy to the National People's Congress and chairman of General Technology Group, said that machine tools, as industrial mother machines, are the core and foundation of the equipment manufacturing industry, and high-end CNC machine tools are the engine for the upgrading and development of the manufacturing industry.
After decades of development, my country's machine tool industry has made great achievements, but the problem that key core technologies and key functional components are controlled by humans has not been fundamentally resolved.
"In terms of accuracy, the lag between our own machine tools and the advanced manufacturing level is not very big, but there is a big gap in basic functional components, operating systems, etc., especially in the service life of the equipment, mainly due to the material It is different from the process technology, reflecting the shortcomings of basic research capabilities." said Tian Haorong, deputy to the National People's Congress and fitter of the machine tool performance laboratory of Baoji Machine Tool Group Co., Ltd.
In this regard, representative Yu Xubo suggested that we should give full play to the advantages of the new national system, build a collaborative innovation system, speed up the research on key core technologies, provide technical support for strengthening the chain and supplement the chain, and continuously improve the independent and controllable ability of the industrial chain.
"A single advantageous enterprise should concentrate resources to conquer a certain basic technology and strive to become a 'specialized, special and new' enterprise in this field. Relevant departments should make a reasonable layout and overall planning for the basic scientific research of the machine tool industry, make up for the shortcomings of the industrial foundation, and provide The core technology of digital machine tools and industrial machine tools will provide assistance." Representative Tian Haorong said.
Towards the high end of the industrial chain
To enhance the core competitiveness of the manufacturing industry, the focus is on enhancing the technological innovation capability of the industry and intensifying efforts to develop advanced manufacturing.
Ning Gaoning, member of the Standing Committee of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, chairman and secretary of the party group of Sinochem, said that innovation includes system innovation, management innovation, business model innovation, etc. However, in terms of technological innovation and product innovation, Chinese enterprises used to have less primary innovation.
Today, many companies have driven the overall innovation of the industrial chain because of technological innovation and product innovation.
Zheng Yueming, deputy to the National People's Congress and chairman of Lianhong New Material Technology Co., Ltd., believes that improving the core competitiveness of the manufacturing industry is inseparable from technological innovation.
For the new material industry, it is necessary to focus on key areas to make breakthroughs in technological innovation; it is necessary to learn to innovate collaboratively, not alone.
"At present, the density of cooperation between the industry and universities is still not enough. It is recommended to increase the research and discussion on the policy of industry-university-research cooperation mechanism." said Li Yan, deputy to the National People's Congress and president of Qilu Pharmaceutical Group.
To enhance the core competitiveness of the manufacturing industry, we must not only actively cultivate emerging industries, but also vigorously promote the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries.
Zhou Hongyi, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and founder of 360 Group, believes that traditional industries will face new security risks and challenges after digital reconstruction.
He suggested that industry authorities should incorporate the construction of an industry digital security system into the overall plan for industrial digitalization.
Greening is also the proper meaning of high-quality development of the manufacturing industry.
"The low-carbon development of new energy vehicles has become a key winner in the global competition of the auto industry. It is now urgent to establish and improve a carbon footprint accounting system to help my country's new energy vehicle industry achieve the 'double carbon' goal." National People's Congress Representative, Xiaomi Group founder, chairman and CEO Lei Jun said.
Our reporter Huang Xin Liu Jin Meng Fei Li PengdaKeywords: