(Observation of the Two Sessions) What "traffic lights" are needed for the platform economy that makes people "love and hate"?

  China News Agency, Beijing, March 7th (Reporter Wang Enbo) Love and hate, this is the complex feeling of many Chinese people about the platform economy today.

While bringing convenience and benefits to people's lives, some chaos in the development of the platform economy also urgently needs to be regulated by "traffic lights".

  Tax evasion and evasion by "head anchors" is one of the phenomena that needs to be "red light".

Since last year, Weiya, Sydney, Lin Shanshan and many other internet celebrities with goods have been fined for tax evasion.

  In the view of Jiang Ying, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and Deputy CEO of Deloitte China, the lack of certainty of tax policy for platform economy practitioners is one of the reasons for the chaos.

She told a reporter from China News Agency that due to the irregular use of the approved collection system in some areas, some practitioners intend to "package" relevant income into business income through sole proprietorships to reduce the tax burden.

There is currently no specific standard for how tax authorities should apply relevant penalties when punishing such cases.

  In recent years, Chinese tax authorities have taken active measures to crack down on and investigate some typical tax cases in accordance with the law.

Jiang Ying bluntly said that in the face of disputes over tax collection and management due to unclear tax laws and policy boundaries, investigating and punishing typical tax cases can certainly have a deterrent effect, but it is also necessary to speed up the improvement of relevant policies, clarify the applicable boundaries of tax laws, and guide practitioners to accurately apply tax laws. , to improve the certainty of tax policy.

  Jin Li, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and acting vice president of Southern University of Science and Technology, said that at present, problems such as false and excessive publicity, counterfeit and shoddy products have a great impact on the development of live broadcast delivery, and it is recommended to regulate and supervise the sales volume of live broadcast delivery platforms, so as to collect taxes reasonably , Strictly and justly punish and rectify tax evasion and tax evasion.

  Frequent customers need to pay higher prices when consuming. Products that have been searched once will be pushed repeatedly. When the algorithms of major platforms become "calculated", many people feel "dominated by big data".

  Pan Yue, a deputy to the National People's Congress and a professor of the Department of Finance at Xiamen University's School of Economics, worries that data abuse and algorithmic discrimination may lead to the disorderly development of the digital economy.

In the long run, this will weaken the industry's drive to innovate, ultimately harming consumers and slowing economic development.

  How to stop the platform from "invading" life with big data?

Pan Yue said that a series of laws and regulations have been implemented one after another, laying an important legal foundation for China's digital economy anti-monopoly supervision and data security governance construction.

However, the specific supervision still needs to be refined and the system needs to be improved; the legal norms for the identification of Internet companies' monopoly, data collection and use management, data compliance sharing, consumer rights protection and other aspects need to be improved as soon as possible.

  Of course, to regulate the development of the platform economy requires a "red light" to clarify the bottom line, and a "green light" to clear the barrier.

  The rapid development of the platform economy has driven a substantial increase in the proportion of flexible employment and employment in new formats.

However, the current security system cannot keep up with the pace of development and has become a hindrance to the concerns of all parties.

  Zeng Xianggui, deputy to the National People's Congress and full-time vice chairman of the Dongguan New Format Industry Trade Union Federation, suggested that relevant departments should speed up the revision of existing laws or new establishment laws, to resolve employment relations and disputes in new forms of employment, new forms of enterprise labor protection responsibilities, and new forms of business. Work hours, remuneration, social insurance and other labor benchmarks for employees, and formulate a labor rights protection system that adapts to the new form of employment.

  Li Li, a deputy to the National People's Congress and a judge of the Beijing Financial Court, noticed that the current social insurance system is closely integrated with traditional labor relations, and it is relatively complicated for personnel to participate in insurance, transfer, and transfer social insurance relations. Such basic social insurance brings practical difficulties.

To this end, insurance companies should launch commercial insurance products suitable for employees in the new employment form.

  Officials are aware of this.

A few days ago, multiple departments in China jointly issued a document to promote the healthy and sustainable development of the platform economy, which involves policies and measures related to the protection of the rights and interests of workers in new employment forms such as online delivery workers and online car drivers.

This year's government work report also proposes to improve the social security policy for flexible employment and launch a pilot program for new employment forms of occupational injury protection.

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