(Observation of the Two Sessions) How does China, the world's second largest digital economy scale for many years, maintain its first-mover advantage?

  China News Service, Beijing, March 7 (Reporter Xia Bin) In the past decade, the digital economy has flourished in China and has risen to a national strategy.

This year's government work report proposed to "promote the development of the digital economy" and "strengthen the overall layout of the construction of digital China".

  In an interview with a reporter from China News Agency, several representatives said that the development of the digital economy is related to China's future global competitiveness, and it should continue to be "stronger, better and bigger".

  The scale of China's digital economy has ranked second in the world for many years, but now it has encountered "problems in development".

  Liu Shangxi, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and president of the Chinese Academy of Fiscal Sciences, pointed out that in recent years, the development of China's digital economy has slowed down, and the first-mover advantage accumulated before is being challenged.

According to data from the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology, the growth rate of China's digital economy has dropped from 21% in 2018 to 9.6% in 2020, with an obvious slowdown.

  "Digital technology and digital economy are the first opportunity for the world's technological revolution and industrial transformation, and are the key areas of a new round of international competition." Liu Shangxi said that to seize the first opportunity and seize the commanding heights of future development, we must vigorously strengthen China's digital economy. Innovation vitality and development momentum.

  The development of the digital economy is inseparable from the support of key core technologies.

  "Currently, China's scientific and technological innovation system has problems such as difficulty in matching technology supply with industrial demand, insufficient integration of production, education and research, difficulty in transforming scientific research results, insignificant innovation benefits, and difficulty in expanding the market space for independent innovation products." Member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, Hengyin Financial Jiang Haoran, chairman of Science and Technology Co., Ltd., suggested that it is necessary to further strengthen the main role of Chinese enterprises in innovation, play a leading role in technological innovation, open up scientific research and the market, and promote the effective connection between the innovation chain and the industrial chain.

  Liu Shangxi believes that it is necessary to continue to encourage leading digital technology companies to become stronger, better and bigger, and to give full play to the "head goose effect".

Continuously improve the supervision methods for platform enterprises, encourage the innovation and development of platform enterprises, encourage leading enterprises to continue to strengthen the research and development of key core technologies in basic fields, and help build China's independent and controllable industrial ecology.

  The development of the digital economy also requires companies to “go overseas” to compete.

  Jin Li, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and acting vice president of Southern University of Science and Technology, believes that the "going overseas" of China's digital economy meets China's own economic development needs and is an important transformation in building a new development pattern of domestic and international "dual circulation"; China is firmly committed to its strategy of opening up to the outside world, and it is also the most cost-effective way to break the "containment and blockade" with digitalization.

  The "Several Opinions on Promoting the Standardized, Healthy and Sustainable Development of the Platform Economy" recently issued by nine departments including the National Development and Reform Commission of China proposes to support platform companies in promoting digital products and services to "go global", enhance their international development capabilities, and enhance their international competitiveness.

  Shi Ke, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, chairman of the Jiangxi Provincial Committee of the Agricultural and Workers' Party, and chairman of the Jiangxi Association for Science and Technology, said that "going technology to the sea" is of great significance for China's digital economy to participate in global competition: First, the strategy of seizing future international economic competition in the digital economy To build a new competitive advantage for the country; secondly, to actively integrate into the global industrial chain and become an indispensable part of the world economy under the influence of the global value chain.

  As an important participant in the digital economy, some domestic platform companies have achieved independent innovation in cutting-edge technologies such as cloud computing, big data, privacy computing, and artificial intelligence, and in some fields can even "wrestle arms" with their international counterparts.

  At present, the number of PCT international patent applications in China has ranked first in the world for three consecutive years, and the number of patent applications in 5G, blockchain, artificial intelligence and other fields has been ranked first in the world.

Taking blockchain technology as an example, China is the country with the largest number of patent applications in this field.

  "Today, China's digital economy is going out, unlike the traditional infrastructure going out, it is going out with standards and intellectual property rights." Shao Zhiqing, deputy to the National People's Congress and full-time vice chairman of the Shanghai Municipal Committee of the Zhi Gong Party, believes that China "goes overseas" "The level of "jumping up, will have more international discourse power.

  Shi Ke also reminded that China's digital economy "going overseas" faces an increasingly strict international regulatory environment.

Enterprises need to pay more attention to data security compliance, abide by the laws and regulations of the host country and international common rules; closely track the latest policy trends of global digital economy anti-monopoly and digital taxation; be prepared to respond and avoid risks.

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