Zhongxin Finance, February 28. On the 28th, the National Bureau of Statistics released the 2021 National Economic and Social Development Statistical Bulletin. In 2021, my country's total economic output and per capita level will achieve new breakthroughs, the resilience of industrial development will be demonstrated, and agricultural production will be stable and progress.

Sheng Laiyun, deputy director of the National Bureau of Statistics, said that the newly released "2021 National Economic and Social Development Statistical Bulletin" comprehensively demonstrated the new achievements made by the people of all ethnic groups in the country over the past year, and vividly recorded the progress made on the new journey. new grades.

1. The national economy continued to recover and the comprehensive national strength was further enhanced  

  Facing multiple challenges such as the complex international environment, the epidemic, and extreme weather, all regions and departments, in accordance with the decisions and deployments of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, coordinated the promotion of epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, intensified efforts to adjust macro policies across cycles, and the national economy continued to recover. The level of development has reached a new level.

  New breakthroughs have been made in the total economic volume and per capita level.

In 2021, my country's gross domestic product (GDP) will increase by 8.1% over the previous year, with an average growth rate of 5.1% in the two years, ranking among the best in the world's major economies; the economic scale will exceed 110 trillion yuan, reaching 114.4 trillion yuan, ranking firmly in the world. Second largest economy.

GDP per capita exceeded 80,000 yuan.

In 2021, my country's per capita GDP will reach 80,976 yuan, which is equivalent to 12,551 US dollars at the annual average exchange rate, exceeding the world's per capita GDP level.

  The resilience of industrial development is demonstrated.

Agricultural production has made steady progress.

In 2021, the added value of my country's primary industry will increase by 7.1% over the previous year, maintaining rapid growth.

The production of animal husbandry has grown steadily. In 2021, the output of pigs, cattle, mutton and poultry will increase by 16.3% over the previous year.

Manufacturing is developing for the better.

In 2021, the added value of the manufacturing industry will be 31.4 trillion yuan, an increase of 9.8% over the previous year, accounting for 27.4% of GDP, an increase of 1.1 percentage points over the previous year.

The output of major industrial products ranks first in the world.

In 2021, my country's output of microcomputers, mobile phones, automobiles, and steel products will reach 470 million units, 1.66 billion units, 26.53 million units, and 1.34 billion tons, respectively, continuing to remain the world's largest.

The service industry is gradually recovering.

In 2021, the added value of the tertiary industry will increase by 8.2% over the previous year.

  The infrastructure construction has achieved remarkable results.

The transportation network is more perfect.

In 2021, the mileage of newly built high-speed railways and newly reconstructed expressways will reach 2,168 kilometers and 9,028 kilometers, respectively.

Electricity production capacity increased.

By the end of 2021, the national installed capacity of power generation will reach 2.38 billion kilowatts, an increase of 7.9% over the end of the previous year.

The information and communication network has been continuously strengthened, and the service capability has been steadily improved.

By the end of 2021, there were 9.96 million mobile phone base stations in China, including 1.43 million 5G base stations; 1.399 billion cellular IoT end users, an increase of 264 million from the end of the previous year; the annual mobile Internet user access traffic was 221.6 billion GB, a year-on-year increase of 221.6 billion. Annual growth of 33.9%.

  International influence continues to expand.

In 2021, according to the annual average exchange rate, my country's total economic volume will reach 17.7 trillion US dollars, which is expected to account for more than 18% of the world economy and contribute about 25% to world economic growth.

my country ranks first in the world in terms of trade in goods and foreign exchange reserves, and ranks first in the world in terms of service trade, foreign investment, and consumer market scale. It has played an irreplaceable and important role in promoting world economic and trade recovery and maintaining the stability of global industrial and supply chains.

2. The comprehensive reform continues to deepen, and the innovation vitality continues to be released

  In order to break through the shortcomings of scientific and technological support and consolidate the foundation for the development of the real economy, my country has continued to deepen the reform of "delegating power, delegating power and improving services", steadily promoting the construction of a high-standard market system, and constantly strengthening the drive for innovation.

  Market players increased.

The business environment has continued to improve, the implementation of the bailout policies for enterprises has been accelerated, and new market players have continued to emerge.

In 2021, 28.87 million new market entities will be registered, with an average of 25,000 newly registered enterprises per day, and the total number of market entities will reach 150 million by the end of the year.

Fiscal and financial support for the real economy has increased.

In 2021, about 1.1 trillion yuan in tax and fee reductions will be added; the unveiling of the Beijing Stock Exchange has opened up a new world of direct financing for innovative small and medium-sized enterprises.

  Increased investment in innovation has shown results.

In 2021, the national research and experimental development (R&D) expenditure will be 2,786.4 billion yuan, an increase of 14.2% over the previous year, and the ratio to the GDP will be 2.44%, an increase of 0.03 percentage points over the previous year.

Innovation support has been increased, and mass entrepreneurship and innovation have developed in depth.

By the end of 2021, the National Science and Technology Achievement Transformation Guidance Fund has established 36 sub-funds, with a total capital scale of 62.4 billion yuan.

In 2021, the number of patent authorizations will increase by 26.4% over the previous year, and the number of high-value invention patents per 10,000 population will reach 7.5 at the end of the year.

  The strategic scientific and technological strength has been accelerated.

Major original achievements have been made in the basic frontier field. Zu Chongzhi No. 2 and Jiuzhang No. 2 have been successfully developed, realizing the superiority of quantum computing in the two physical systems of superconducting quantum and optical quantum.

New progress has been made in strategic high-tech, "Tianwen No. 1" started its journey to Mars, "Xihe" achieved zero breakthrough in solar exploration, "Shenzhou No. 13" successfully docked with the core module of "Tianhe", The "All-Sea Deep Submersible" broke many world records.

In 2021, the comprehensive ranking of my country's national innovation capability will rise to 12th in the world.

  The growth of new momentum for development is good.

New industries and new products are growing rapidly.

In 2021, the added value of high-tech manufacturing above designated size will increase by 18.2% over the previous year, 8.6 percentage points faster than that of industries above designated size; the operating income of strategic emerging service enterprises will increase by 16.0% over the previous year; An increase of 152.5% and 37.5% over the previous year.

New business forms and new models are booming.

In 2021, the online retail sales of physical goods will increase by 12.0% over the previous year, accounting for 24.5% of the total retail sales of social consumer goods.

3. Adjustment and optimization of economic structure and steady improvement of development coordination

  Under the impact of the epidemic, the problem of unbalanced and insufficient development has become prominent. my country has actively implemented the strategy of expanding domestic demand, vigorously promoted supply-side structural reform, steadily promoted rural revitalization and new urbanization, and thoroughly implemented major regional strategies and regional coordinated development strategies. New progress has been made in transformation and upgrading.

  Industrial upgrading has been swift and steady.

The manufacturing industry is moving towards the middle and high end.

In 2021, the added value of equipment manufacturing industry will increase by 12.9% over the previous year, 3.3 percentage points faster than that of industries above designated size, accounting for 32.4% of industries above designated size.

The modern service industry is developing rapidly.

In 2021, the contribution rate of service industry growth to economic growth will be 54.9%, which is 16.5 percentage points higher than that of the secondary industry; the added value of information transmission, software and information technology services will increase by 17.2% over the previous year, which is significantly faster than that of the entire service industry.

  The demand structure continued to improve.

The contribution of domestic demand to economic growth dominates.

In 2021, domestic demand will contribute 79.1% to economic growth, of which final consumption expenditure will contribute 65.4%, 51.7 percentage points higher than total capital formation.

Consumption structure continued to upgrade.

In 2021, the Engel coefficient of residents nationwide will be 29.8%, a decrease of 0.4 percentage points from the previous year; the per capita service consumption expenditure of residents will increase by 17.8% compared with the previous year, accounting for 44.2% of the per capita consumption expenditure of residents, an increase of 1.6 percentage points from the previous year.

Investment in weak areas and weak areas was strengthened.

In 2021, investment in high-tech industries and social fields will increase by 17.1% and 10.7% respectively over the previous year.

  Urban and rural development continued to be optimized.

The new-type urbanization is steadily advancing.

At the end of 2021, the urbanization rate of the permanent population was 64.72%, an increase of 0.83 percentage points from the end of the previous year.

The rural revitalization strategy has been implemented in depth. The income of rural residents continues to be faster than that of urban residents, and the relative income gap between urban and rural residents has narrowed.

In 2021, the actual growth rate of per capita disposable income of rural residents will be 2.6 percentage points faster than that of urban residents; the ratio of per capita disposable income of urban and rural residents will be 2.50, down 0.06 from the previous year.

  The coordinated regional development has taken on a new look.

Coordinate the promotion of major regional strategies such as the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta, the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin, and solidly promote the development of the western region, the revitalization of the northeast, and the rise of the central region. , the eastern region takes the lead in development and other regional coordinated development strategies, my country's regional development coordination has steadily improved.

In 2021, the per capita disposable income of residents in the western and central regions will increase by 9.4% and 9.2% in nominal terms over the previous year, respectively, 0.3 and 0.1 percentage points faster than that in the eastern region.

4. Green and low-carbon transformation is accelerated, and the ecological environment continues to be optimized  

  In line with the people's yearning and expectation for clear waters and lush mountains, we will continue to promote green and low-carbon transformation, consolidate and expand the achievements of the battle against pollution, and coordinate the work of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality. The quality of the ecological environment has been continuously improved, and the background of green development has become more beautiful .

  Solid progress was made in energy conservation and emission reduction.

In 2021, the national energy consumption per 10,000 yuan of GDP will decrease by 2.7% compared with the previous year, the comprehensive energy consumption of calcium carbide per unit of key energy-consuming industrial enterprises will decrease by 5.3%, and the carbon dioxide emissions per 10,000 yuan of GDP will decrease by 3.8%.

The proportion of clean energy consumption increased.

In 2021, natural gas, hydropower, nuclear power, wind power, solar power and other clean energy consumption will account for 25.5% of total energy consumption, an increase of 1.2 percentage points over the previous year.

Pollutant emissions decreased.

In 2021, the total emission reduction targets of major pollutants such as nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds, chemical oxygen demand, and ammonia nitrogen will successfully complete the annual target.

  Environmental quality continued to improve.

Air quality continues to improve.

In 2021, the average number of days with good air quality in 339 cities at the prefecture level and above in the country will be 87.5%, an increase of 0.5 percentage points over the previous year; 64.3% of the cities have reached the air quality standard throughout the year; the annual average concentration of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) 30 micrograms per cubic meter, down 9.1% from the previous year.

The quality of the water environment continued to improve.

Among the 3,641 national surface water assessment sections, the proportion of sections with excellent water quality (class I to III) was 84.9%, an increase of 1.5 percentage points over the previous year.

  The ecological safety barrier has been gradually strengthened.

By the end of 2021, a total of 474 national-level nature reserves and 5 national parks have been established nationwide.

"Returning green to green" achieved new results.

In 2021, the country will complete afforestation of 3.6 million hectares, including 1.34 million hectares of artificial afforestation and 3.07 million hectares of improved grass, an increase of 240,000 hectares over the previous year.

The newly added soil erosion control area was 62,000 square kilometers.

5. High-level opening up was advanced in depth and foreign economic and trade cooperation was strengthened  

  Global economic and trade cooperation has encountered adverse currents under the impact of the century-old changes and the epidemic of the century. my country has withstood the pressure, unswervingly expanded its opening to the outside world, continued to expand the scope, fields and levels of opening-up, committed to maintaining the stability of the global industrial chain and supply chain, and promoted the joint construction of the "Belt and Road". ”, injecting new impetus into the development of global cooperation.

  The volume and quality of foreign trade increased.

The scale of trade in goods has reached a new level.

In 2021, the total import and export of goods will be 39.1 trillion yuan, an increase of 21.4% over the previous year, and the annual average exchange rate has exceeded 6 trillion US dollars, ranking first in the global trade in goods for five consecutive years.

The trade structure continued to improve.

In 2021, the proportion of general trade imports and exports will be 61.6%, an increase of 1.6 percentage points over the previous year; the export value of mechanical and electrical products will increase by 20.4% over the previous year.

Trade in services grew rapidly.

In 2021, the import and export volume of services will increase by 16.1% over the previous year, of which the export volume of knowledge-intensive services will increase by 18.0%.

New forms of trade are booming.

In 2021, the export volume of cross-border e-commerce and market procurement will increase by 24.5% and 32.1% respectively over the previous year.

  The use of foreign capital has made remarkable achievements.

The negative list for foreign investment access has been continuously reduced, the level of investment facilitation has been improved, the complete industrial chain supply chain, broad market opportunities, and optimized business environment have made China a hot spot for attracting foreign investment.

In 2021, the actual use of foreign direct investment in my country will be 1.1 trillion yuan, an increase of 14.9% over the previous year, and it will exceed 1 trillion yuan for the first time; the actual use of foreign capital in the service industry and high-tech industries will increase by 16.7% and 17.1%, respectively. Continuous improvement.

  The joint construction of the "Belt and Road" will go deeper and more solid.

In 2021, my country’s import and export volume to countries along the “Belt and Road” is 11.6 trillion yuan, an increase of 23.6% over the previous year, and the non-financial direct investment in countries along the “Belt and Road” is 20.3 billion US dollars, an increase of 14.1%; The number of lines opened exceeded 15,000, an increase of 22.0%.

As of January 2022, my country has signed more than 200 cooperation documents on the Belt and Road Initiative with 147 countries and 32 international organizations.

  The expansion and efficiency of the free trade zone construction.

The construction of institutional open highlands has achieved results.

In 2021, the import and export volume of the comprehensive bonded zone, the pilot free trade zone and the Hainan Free Trade Port will increase by 24.3%, 26.4% and 57.7% respectively over the previous year.

The import and export volume between my country and the free trade partners for which the agreement has entered into force increased by 23.6%, which was 2.2 percentage points higher than the overall growth rate of foreign trade.

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) came into effect, bringing new opportunities for high-level openness and development.

6. People's livelihood guarantee is strong and effective, and people's living standards continue to improve  

  Focusing on the most direct and realistic interests of the people, the party committees and governments at all levels adhere to the people-centered development philosophy, do everything possible to increase residents' income, comprehensively strengthen social construction, improve the social safety net, and build a real income for the people. Feeling, happiness, security.

  Resident income and economic growth are basically synchronized.

In 2021, the per capita disposable income of national residents will be 35,128 yuan, an actual increase of 8.1% over the previous year, faster than the growth rate of per capita GDP, and in line with the growth rate of GDP.

The income of residents in poverty-stricken counties has grown rapidly.

In 2021, the per capita disposable income of rural residents in poverty-stricken counties will be 14,051 yuan, a nominal increase of 11.6% over the previous year and a real increase of 10.8%, which is faster than the growth rate of per capita disposable income of rural residents across the country.

  Education, culture and sports flourish.

Education development continued to improve.

In 2021, the consolidation rate of nine-year compulsory education and the gross enrollment rate of senior high school will both increase by 0.2 percentage points over the previous year.

Cultural services continue to improve.

In 2021, the number of public libraries, museums and cultural centers in my country will reach 3217, 3671 and 3317 respectively; the operating income of cultural and related industry enterprises above designated size in China will increase by 16.0% over the previous year.

National fitness conditions continued to improve.

At the end of 2021, there were 3.971 million sports venues nationwide, an increase of 258,000 from the end of the previous year; the per capita sports venue area reached 2.41 square meters.

Competitive sports performance is outstanding.

In 2021, Chinese athletes will win 67 world championships in 16 sports, setting a total of 12 world records.

  Healthy China is making steady progress.

Medical and health forces continue to strengthen.

At the end of 2021, there will be 1.031 million, 9.57 million and 11.23 million medical and health institutions, beds and health technicians in the country, an increase of 8,000, 470,000 and 550,000 respectively over the end of the previous year.

Since the new coronavirus has been rampant for more than two years, my country's vaccination work has been advanced in an orderly manner, the nucleic acid detection capacity has been greatly improved, and a strong line of defense for life safety has been established.

By the end of 2021, a total of 2.84 billion doses of the new coronavirus vaccine have been reported nationwide, and the total nucleic acid detection capacity of the new coronavirus has reached 41.68 million copies/day.

  The social safety net is tightly woven.

By the end of 2021, the national basic pension insurance will cover more than 1 billion people, and the basic medical insurance will cover more than 1.3 billion people.

Among them, the basic pension insurance for urban employees, basic pension insurance for urban and rural residents, and basic medical insurance were 480.75 million, 547.97 million, and 1,364.24 million, respectively, an increase of 24.54 million, 5.54 million, and 2.93 million over the end of the previous year. .

The construction of housing security and supply system has been steadily advanced.

In 2021, 1.65 million units of shanty towns will be renovated and 2.05 million units will be basically completed; 940,000 units of affordable rental housing will be constructed and raised.

7. The economic cycle has been gradually improved, and the security development has been strengthened

  The recovery of the world economy is difficult, and the global production and supply cycle is not smooth, which has increased the constraints on the stable operation of my country's economy.

Under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee, all regions and departments are actively promoting the construction of a new development pattern, smoothing the economic cycle, coordinating development and security, and effectively ensuring overall economic and social stability.

  Production and circulation were restored steadily.

Industrial production growth has expanded.

In 2021, among the 41 industries above designated size, the added value of 39 industries will increase, and the growth rate will reach 95.1%; among the 612 kinds of industrial products in the statistics, the output of 450 kinds of products will increase, and the growth rate will reach 73.5%.

Cargo traffic is generally active.

In 2021, the total cargo transportation and cargo transportation turnover will increase by 12.3% and 13.7% respectively over the previous year; the port cargo throughput will increase by 6.8%; the total postal industry business volume will increase by 25.1%, and the express delivery business volume will increase by 29.9%.

  The distribution of consumption generally improved.

Income of enterprises, residents and government continued to grow.

In 2021, the total profits of industrial enterprises and service enterprises above designated size will increase by 34.3% and 13.4% respectively over the previous year; the per capita wage income of national residents will increase by 9.6% in nominal terms over the previous year, and the per capita net operating income will increase by 11.0%; the national general public budget Revenue increased by 10.7% over the previous year.

Consumption recovers.

In 2021, the per capita consumption expenditure of national residents will increase by 13.6% over the previous year, or 12.6% after deducting the price factor. Among the 18 commodity categories of units above designated size, 14 categories of commodities will achieve double-digit growth in retail sales.

  Security development continued to be consolidated.

Grain production has achieved another bumper harvest.

The total grain output in 2021 will be 1,365.7 billion catties, an increase of 26.7 billion catties or 2.0% over the previous year, setting a new record high.

The energy supply guarantee has been continuously increased, and the energy consumption for living and production is generally guaranteed.

According to preliminary calculations, in 2021, the total primary energy production will reach 4.33 billion tons of standard coal, an increase of 6.2% over the previous year; the power generation will be 8,534.25 billion kWh, an increase of 9.7%.

Financial operations were generally stable.

At the end of 2021, the stock of social financing in my country was 314.1 trillion yuan, an increase of 10.3% over the end of the previous year; the balance of RMB loans issued to the real economy increased by 11.6%.

In 2021, the Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchange A shares will raise a total of 1,674.3 billion yuan, an increase of 132.6 billion yuan over the previous year.

  In 2021, my country has successfully overcome multiple challenges such as the epidemic and flood situation, and forged ahead in adversity. The economic strength, social productivity and comprehensive national strength have steadily improved, reform, opening up and innovation have been further advanced, and people's livelihood and well-being have continued to improve, achieving a good start to the "14th Five-Year Plan". .

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