Text/Biao Yangcheng Evening News reporter Ding Ling
The development of the A-share market has reached another milestone!
According to data disclosed by China Securities Depository and Clearing Corporation Limited, the number of investors in the securities market exceeded 200 million for the first time.
Wind data shows that the number of A-share investors exceeded 100 million in January 2016.
If counted from the opening of the Shanghai Stock Exchange in December 1990, the accumulation of the first 100 million investors took about 26 years.
From January 2016 to the present, the accumulation of the second 100 million investors has only taken 6 years.
The number of investors exceeded the 200 million mark
Data disclosed by China Settlement on February 25 shows that since the number of investors exceeded 150 million in March 2019, the number of investors has continued to grow, reaching 200,008,700 by February 25, 2022.
This means that the number of investors exceeded 200 million for the first time.
According to Wind statistics, the number of investors has experienced a steady growth in recent years.
In January 2016, the number of investors exceeded 100 million for the first time. Since then, the number of investors has generally increased by more than one million per month, with an increase of more than 2 million per month during the peak period. In March 2019, the number of investors exceeded 150 million for the first time. .
A year ago in February 2021, the number of investors exceeded 180 million for the first time, and now it has officially exceeded the 200 million mark.
In total, the number of investors ranged from 100 million to 200 million over a total of 6 years.
In recent months, as the growth of the A-share market has slowed down or even adjusted, the number of new investors has shown a downward trend. In October 2021, the number of new investors fell below 1 million, but it has returned to million or more.
Let's take a look at this year.
On February 18, China Clearing announced the changes in investor data in January.
In January, 1,324,300 new investors were added, and the cumulative number of investors was 198,732,800.
The cumulative number of investors is 200 million, which is still 1.27 million.
It is worth noting that the number of new investors in January fell by 3.6% month-on-month and 36.77% year-on-year, the highest decline in the past six years.
Industry insiders said that the large year-on-year drop in new investors in January was mainly due to the previous high base.
In January 2021, the market performance was relatively hot, and the increase was large, which drove the enthusiasm of investors to enter the market.
In that month, 2.09 million new investors were added, which was already a relatively high point for several months at that time.
In January of this year, the market was not very prosperous, and investors were not very active in entering the market.
Looking back at the changes in the number of new investors in each month over the past 6 years, we can find that the rhythm of new investors has actually fluctuated during the past 6 years.
Specifically, since 2016, the peaks in the number of new investors in a single month have occurred in March 2016, August 2016, March 2017, March 2019, July 2020, and March 2021. .
Among them, March 2017, March 2019, and July 2020 correspond to the staged highs of the market, and the popularity of the market will also stimulate the enthusiasm of investors to open accounts to a considerable extent.
It is worth mentioning that, taking March 2019 and July 2020 as an example, the market was in a state of excitement at that time, and many brokerage business departments saw investors queuing up to open accounts.
Historically, the absolute peak of the number of new investors in the domestic securities market in a single month occurred in the second quarter of 2015, and the total number of new investors in the three-month period from April to June 2015 reached 13.7762 million, with an average of 13.7762 million new investors per month. The monthly increase was 4.592 million, a level far exceeding other months in the history of A-shares.
However, after a brief frenzy of investors flocking to the market, the market ushered in a rapid cooling.
The total market value of A shares exceeds 90 trillion yuan
While the number of investors has increased from 100 million to 200 million, the A-share market has also undergone tremendous changes, and the total market value of A-shares has continued to increase.
Wind data shows that the total market value of A shares has increased from 53.82 trillion yuan at the end of 2016 to 60.72 trillion yuan at the end of 2017, and then to the latest 91.98 trillion yuan as of February 25, 2022. The total market value of A shares has exceeded 90%. trillion yuan.
The number of A-share listed companies has also increased from 3,034 at the end of 2016 to the latest 4,732, an increase of 1,698.
On the other hand, the turnover has also changed to some extent.
Wind data shows that in 2016, the total turnover of A shares was 126.51 trillion yuan, the average daily turnover was 518.495 billion yuan, and the average daily turnover rate was 2.73%.
In the whole year of 2021, the total turnover of A-shares will reach 257.18 trillion yuan, and the average daily turnover will reach 1,058.374 billion yuan, an increase of more than double that of 2016. The average daily turnover rate is 2.78%, which has not changed much.
Since 2022, the total turnover of A shares in 34 trading days has reached 34.14 trillion yuan, with an average daily turnover of 1,004.125 billion yuan.
At the same time, the scale of the two financing has also undergone certain changes. Wind data shows that the balance of the two financing has increased from 939.249 billion yuan at the end of 2016 to 1,832.191 billion yuan at the end of 2021, an increase of nearly 1 times.
As of February 24, 2022, the latest report on the balance of two financing and financing was 1,727.121 billion yuan.
In addition, there has also been a huge leap in terms of the size of the fund and the number of Christians.
According to data from the Asset Management Association of China, as of the end of 2016, the number of publicly offered funds was 3,867 with a fund size of 9.16 trillion yuan; by the end of 2021, the number of publicly offered funds was 9,288 with a fund size of 25.56 trillion yuan.
According to the "National Survey Report on the Status of Public Fund Investors (2019)" released by the Asset Management Association of China last year, as of the end of December 2019, the number of OTC natural person investor accounts in China's public funds was 606.75 million, that is, the number of basic citizens. At the end of 2019, it has exceeded 600 million.
According to Choice statistics, in the past 6 years, the 20 core indexes of Shanghai and Shenzhen have mostly risen, but the range increases are significantly behind the increase in the scale of investors.
Since January 21, 2016, the Shanghai Composite Index in the core A-share index has risen by 15.95%, while the growth rate of the ChiNext Index and Shenzhen Component Index has not exceeded 30%.
The top gainers are the CSI 100, SSE 50, and CSI 300 Index. Except for the CSI 100 Index, the range of SSE 50 and CSI 300 has not increased by more than 50%.
There are nearly 300 million A-share capital accounts
Investors run into the market, what about the performance of securities companies?
According to the 2021 annual operating data of securities companies released by the China Securities Association, as of the end of last year, the securities industry had opened nearly 300 million A-share capital accounts for customers.
Specifically, as of the end of last year, the securities industry had opened 298 million A-share capital accounts for customers, a year-on-year increase of 14.89%, and the closing balance of customer transaction settlement funds (including credit transaction funds) was 1.90 trillion yuan, an increase from the end of the previous year. An increase of 14.66%, and the customer base continues to expand.
At the end of last year, the asset management business scale of the securities industry was 10.88 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 3.53%. In particular, the scale of collective asset management represented by active management increased significantly by 112.52% to 3.28 trillion yuan.
The net income of asset management business for the year was 31.786 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 6.10%.
Last year, the net income from agency sales of financial products in the securities industry was 20.690 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 53.96%, and the income accounted for 13.39% of the brokerage business income, an increase of 3.02 percentage points.
In 2021, the entire industry will realize a net income of 5.457 billion yuan from investment consulting business, a year-on-year increase of 13.61%.
In terms of performance in the securities industry, in 2021, 140 securities companies in the industry will achieve operating income of RMB 502.410 billion and net profit of RMB 191.119 billion.
As of the end of last year, the total assets of the securities industry were 10.59 trillion yuan, and the net assets were 2.57 trillion yuan, an increase of 19.07% and 11.34% respectively over the end of the previous year.Keywords: