By 2035, Germany wants to supply itself exclusively with electricity from renewable energies.
This is consistent with the goal agreed in the Paris World Climate Agreement of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees, according to a key issue paper by the federal government that was available to Reuters on Monday.
By 2030, the share of wind or solar power should reach 80 percent.
The corresponding amendment to the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) is complete.
So far, it has been said that the energy sector should do without fossil fuels well before 2040.
Economics and Climate Minister Robert Habeck also described the accelerated expansion as a key element in becoming less dependent on Russian supplies of fossil fuels.
Finance Minister Christian Lindner (FDP) had spoken of "freedom energies".
According to the key issues paper, the capacity of onshore wind energy is to double to up to 110 gigawatts by 2030.
On the high seas, wind energy is expected to reach an output of 30 gigawatts by 2030, which is equivalent to the capacity of ten nuclear power plants.
Solar energy is expected to more than triple to 200 gigawatts.
In order to be able to implement the expansion quickly, it should be enshrined in law that it is in the "overriding public interest and serves public safety".
"Energy policy is security policy"
The solar subsidy rates for house roofs will then be increased.
In addition, unlike at present, they should no longer fall sharply for new plants, even with major expansion.
So far, the guaranteed purchase prices for operators of new plants have fallen more quickly if the number of extensions exceeded the planned figures.
In addition, in view of the high electricity prices, extra profits from the operators of large new solar systems are to be skimmed off via so-called contracts for difference.
State Secretary Patrick Graichen had already announced this.
In view of the very high electricity prices recently, the guaranteed purchase prices are becoming less important for investors, since they can sell their electricity directly at even higher tariffs.
The government has also introduced a law for consumers so that the elimination of the EEG surcharge on the electricity price, which was used to pay for the renewable subsidies, also reaches the customer.
From July, the surcharge will be financed directly from the federal budget.
An average household will save around 150 euros a year if the suppliers pass this on in full.
Before a special meeting of EU energy ministers, Habeck emphasized: "Energy policy is security policy." Dependence on Russian imports must be overcome.
"A warmonger is not a reliable partner." In addition, the energy transition must be promoted at European level.
"The expansion of renewable energies is a question of national and European security."
Because of the Ukraine war, the German government is also preparing for a complete halt to Russian supplies of gas and oil.
It therefore does not completely rule out continued operation of the nuclear power plants beyond the planned end of this year, even if this is considered unlikely.
In view of the development, the targeted date of the coal phase-out of 2030 is also being called into question.Keywords: