Grasp innovation, the "bull nose" that leads development
□ Our reporter She Huimin She Ying
The editor presses that the annual national two sessions are coming.
The year 2021, which has just passed, is the historical meeting point of the "two centenary goals".
We have achieved the first centenary goal of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, and we are moving towards the second centenary goal, starting a new journey of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way.
From now on, this newspaper will launch a series of reports "Welcome to the National Two Sessions".
In today's world, a century of changes and a century of epidemics are intertwined and superimposed, the international balance of power continues to evolve, and human society has entered a new historical juncture.
Under the complex and severe international environment, to firmly realize our grand goals, we must accurately grasp the new development stage, thoroughly implement the new development concept, and accelerate the construction of a new development pattern.
The word "innovation" is becoming the key word for us to understand China and the world, and communicate the present and the future.
Concept innovation and drawing a new blueprint
Near-zero emissions, epidemic prevention protection, 5G sharing, smart viewing, sports technology... In the context of the spread of the global epidemic, the Beijing Winter Olympics were successfully held as scheduled. A confident China has injected new impetus and vitality into economic development and brought more confidence and hope to the people of all countries.
Wang Zhigang, Minister of Science and Technology, said: "More than 200 scientific and technological achievements have been applied in the Beijing Winter Olympics." Bach, President of the International Olympic Committee, commented: "China has written a new history with science and technology."
The Beijing Winter Olympics is a vivid practice of China's implementation of new development concepts, and it also provides Chinese wisdom and Chinese solutions for the future of the Olympic movement.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has taken the overall picture, scientifically grasped the characteristics and basic laws of my country's development stage, and put forward a series of new ideas, new judgments, and new requirements.
Innovation, coordination, greenness, openness and sharing, these five development concepts put forward by the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of my country have brought about profound changes related to the overall development of our country.
Concepts are the forerunners of actions, and new development concepts are the baton and traffic lights.
In the new development concept, innovation comes first.
Innovation is the first driving force for development. If we grasp innovation, we will grasp the "bull nose" that affects the overall economic and social development.
Adhering to innovation and development is the conclusion drawn from analyzing the history of world development since modern times, especially by summarizing the successful practice of my country's reform and opening up.
Under the guidance of the concept of innovation and development, China has marched into the world's scientific and technological power, and the scientific and technological undertakings have achieved historic, overall, and major changes in the pattern.
Quantum information, iron-based superconductivity, stem cells, artificial intelligence, breakthroughs in many fields lead the world's scientific and technological frontier; manned spaceflight, lunar exploration, mobile communications, high-speed trains, and multi-track achievements serve major national needs; poverty alleviation, pollution prevention and control , epidemic prevention and control, new drug creation, and multi-directional innovation to support people's happy life.
In 2021, the R&D investment of the whole society will reach 2.79 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 14.2%, and the R&D investment intensity will reach 2.44%.
Technological innovation drives new kinetic energy
China is the world's second largest economy, but its innovation capability is not strong enough.
The key to innovative development is to solve the problem of development momentum and to lead high-quality economic and social development with technological innovation.
Innovation-driven development requires the strengthening of national strategic scientific and technological strength.
In 2021, China will focus on improving the overall efficiency of the national innovation system, optimize the coordinated layout of various innovation platforms, accelerate the establishment of national laboratories, and reorganize the national key laboratory system.
"Zu Chongzhi 2" and "Jiuzhang 2" achieved quantum superiority, "Tianwen 1" started its journey to Mars, "Xihe" achieved zero breakthrough in solar exploration, "Shenzhou 13" and "Tianhe" "The core cabin was successfully docked, and "Haidou No. 1" successfully achieved a 10,000-meter dive... The scientific and technological forces were coordinated and coordinated, which not only made up for shortcomings, accelerated key technological breakthroughs, but also built advantages and strengthened endless frontier exploration. A number of major original achievements have emerged. .
Innovation drives development, and it is necessary to strengthen the main role of enterprises in innovation.
Innovation does not ask about one's background. In various scientific and technological innovation activities, enterprises are the question maker, the answerer, and the examiner.
Enterprises participate in major scientific and technological decisions.
Among the more than 860 projects approved by the national key R&D plan in 2021, more than 680 projects were led or participated by enterprises, accounting for 79%.
Enterprises are the main force of R&D investment.
Of the R&D investment in the whole society, 76% is invested by enterprises.
More and more technology-based companies have been incubated and supported to thrive.
328,000 technology-based small and medium-sized enterprises entered the warehouse.
There are more than 15,000 technological start-up incubators across the country, serving 700,000 start-up technology companies and teams.
Innovation drives development, and it is necessary to improve and optimize the ecology of technological innovation.
By deploying the innovation chain around the industrial chain and laying out the industrial chain around the innovation chain, my country's new development momentum has continued to grow, and the innovation ecosystem has become more prosperous.
The three major international science and technology innovation centers in Beijing, Shanghai and the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area have ranked among the top 10 global science and technology innovation clusters.
Major science and technology projects strongly support the development of strategic emerging industries such as mobile communications, new energy, high-end equipment, and biomedicine.
For example, since the implementation of the major project for new drug creation, my country has approved only 5 new drugs before 2008, and now it has reached 75.
The national high-tech zone has become a demonstration zone for innovation-driven development and a pilot zone for high-quality development.
"The national high-tech zone has created about 13% of the country's GDP with 0.1% of the country's land area." Shao Xinyu, deputy minister of the Ministry of Science and Technology, introduced that according to preliminary calculations, in 2021, 169 national-level high-tech zones across the country are expected to have an annual operating income of more than 48 trillion yuan. , an increase of about 12% year-on-year.
Institutional innovation brings new changes
Putting innovation at the core of the overall national development requires comprehensively deepening reforms.
Only by comprehensively promoting institutional innovation can the new development concept be truly implemented and at the key point.
Innovative development creates a favorable institutional environment for innovative entities.
In order to gather strategic scientific and technological strength, my country has continued to improve the organization and implementation mechanism of major scientific and technological tasks, and new project organization models such as "revealing the list and taking command" have deployed and implemented 87 "list" tasks in the first batch of key R&D plans in the "14th Five-Year Plan";
In order to encourage basic research, my country has established a policy system that runs through the entire chain of scientific research activities, free exploration and goal-oriented "walking on two legs". In 2021, basic research will invest 169.6 billion yuan, accounting for 6.09% of the total social R&D investment.
In order to encourage scientific researchers to concentrate on research and development, my country has optimized the scientific research and academic environment, and carried out pilot projects for the evaluation of scientific and technological achievements in more than 50 places and units.
The reform also goes deep into the enterprise property rights system, intellectual property system, investment and financing system and mechanism, income distribution system, talent introduction and training system and other aspects.
Various institutional innovations are to activate the vitality of various innovative entities, and to promote the quality, efficiency, and power changes of economic development.
Innovation and development to create a good business environment for market players.
In recent years, reforms and innovations have been frequently staged in the field of "delegating power, delegating power, improving regulation and improving services".
Some of these innovations come from the inventions and creations at the grassroots level, and they are anxious for the needs of market players, thinking about what the market players think, and targeting pain points with "targeted drugs".
On February 21, at the government service center in Jinshui District, Zhengzhou City, the self-employed Liang Cultivation obtained the province's first electronic business license for self-employed industrial and commercial households.
The business license in this mobile phone also means that the registration of individual industrial and commercial households in Henan Province has officially entered a new stage of "zero meeting, zero running errands, zero intervention, and zero fees".
Shanghai's "Second Shopkeeper"-style government service, Henan Luohe City's "Mayor's Patent Award", Jiangsu and other places "no penalty for first violation" and "no penalty for minor mistakes"... All localities and departments are trying to find ways to reduce management. To add to the convenience of enterprises, in exchange for the burst of vitality of market players.
According to the data, in 2021, all 523 enterprise-related business licenses at the central and local levels will be included in the reform, and a list management system will be established, and there will be no licenses outside the list.
In the past 5 years, the average establishment time of enterprises has been reduced from 22.9 days to less than 4 working days, and the shortest only takes half a day, realizing "one time without running, half a day to complete the operation".
Some of these innovations come from the breakthrough and improvement of laws and regulations, and the exploration from the grassroots and the front line is summarized into a standard that can be replicated and promoted, and spread on a larger scale to empower innovative entrepreneurs.
In August 2021, the State Council promulgated the "Regulations of the People's Republic of China on the Administration of Registration of Market Entities", which raised the effective reform measures of the commercial system pilot program from 2013 to the present into regulations in a timely manner.
The reform of "separation of licenses and licenses" pioneered in the Shanghai Pilot Free Trade Zone will also be implemented nationwide in 2021, achieving full coverage of the reform, and intensifying pilot efforts in the Pilot Free Trade Zone.
From July 1, 2021 to the end of the year, the reform of "separation of licenses and licenses" has benefited 1.346 million enterprises, accounting for 28.1% of the newly established enterprises during the same period.
In order to maintain and optimize an efficient, orderly, unified, and safe super-large market, the State Council also issued the "14th Five-Year Plan for the Modernization of Market Supervision", launched anti-monopoly and anti-unfair competition supervision, optimized the online and offline competition ecology, strengthened the The integrated supervision system design prevents the savage growth of capital and creates a fair and healthy environment for enterprises.
Through technological innovation and institutional innovation, under the protection of a series of combined fists, China's economy has not only stabilized, but also the new economic forms represented by digital industry, intelligent industry, cloud economy, etc. have also achieved rapid development, becoming a new model for my country's economic development. Highlights.
In 2021, there will be 3.838 million newly established enterprises in the “Four New Economy” nationwide, a year-on-year increase of 15.8%, accounting for 42.5% of the total number of newly established enterprises.
To focus on innovation is to focus on development, and to seek innovation is to seek the future.
Forge ahead on a new journey, innovation and development are more promising!
□ Our reporter She Huimin She YingKeywords: