"Internet +" draws a new picture of Chinese countryside (Online China)
"Internet +" draws a new picture of Chinese countryside (Online China)
Smart greenhouses, e-commerce platforms for agricultural products... 5G, artificial intelligence, Internet of Things and other new-generation technologies continue to integrate and develop with agricultural production, bringing real dividends to farmers.
Digital infrastructure and Internet development, new business forms and new models are taking root in rural areas, serving farmers, and making rural life better through informatization and digitalization.
High-tech in the field
In the smart greenhouse in Niejiaping Village, Yongping Town, Yanchuan County, Yan'an City, Shaanxi Province, a row of strawberries is full of fruit and growing gratifying.
On the steel frame of the greenhouse, the spraying and spraying devices are automatically operated, and the ventilation system and the roller shutter of the greenhouse are also adjusted in real time according to the temperature and light transmittance in the greenhouse, which is like a "tech show" on the front page of the field.
"We call it a smart greenhouse, and all operations can be done at home with a mobile phone." Li Shiping, a local grower, said that in the past, when growing strawberries in a traditional greenhouse, whether it was watering or fertilizing, it was done by manpower, and the growth of strawberries had to be "allowed" God willing".
Nowadays, smart greenhouses are not only equipped with intelligent equipment such as automatic ventilation, automatic spraying, and rail cars, but also can be easily completed on mobile phones, saving the labor of growers, and strawberries also grow big and sweet.
The application of smart greenhouses is a microcosm of the development of smart agriculture in China in recent years.
With the help of technology, villagers can observe soil pH, nutrients and other information online in real time, understand the latest growth status of crops, and achieve scientific management.
When encountering pest and disease problems, the system can not only provide automatic warning, but also provide corresponding solutions based on big data, or consult agricultural experts through remote video for effective measures.
Recently, 10 departments including the Central Cyberspace Administration issued the "Digital Rural Development Action Plan (2022-2025)" (hereinafter referred to as the "Action Plan"), which focuses on the innovative development of smart agriculture, the upgrading of digital infrastructure, and the development of new business formats and new models. , and make deployment arrangements for the development goals, key tasks and safeguard measures of digital villages during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period.
Focusing on the innovative development of smart agriculture, the Action Plan has deployed a number of key tasks, encouraging the construction of smart farms, smart pastures, and smart fish farms, accelerating the digitalization, networking, and intelligence of agricultural production, and promoting the quality and efficiency of the industry.
According to the goals and requirements set forth in the Action Plan, by 2025, China will realize the deepening popularization of 4G in rural areas and the innovative application of 5G, the digital transformation of agricultural production and operation will be significantly accelerated, and the construction of smart agriculture will achieve initial results.
The happiness of a smart life
In addition to promoting agricultural production, the dividends of digital village construction also enter the village and households. While improving the level of rural governance, it provides a foundation for building a high-quality smart rural life and effectively improves the happiness of rural life.
"I heard that the village is going to install 'mobile housekeeping' security cameras for everyone. I asked my children to install them in the house as soon as possible, and I can remind them on my mobile phone when I encounter a new face." A villager in Dingshiwa Village, Qingdao City, Shandong Province Uncle Wang introduced that installing cameras at home is not only to "watch the house", but also to allow children to "go home and take a look" at any time.
"Both of my children work out of town. When they get homesick, they can turn on the camera to take a look and talk to me through the camera. It's really convenient."
The widespread application of smart devices such as AI cameras in rural governance and life is inseparable from the promotion of digital infrastructure such as 5G networks.
According to the data released by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the existing administrative villages in my country have fully realized "broadband access to every village", and more than 97% of county and urban areas and 40% of townships and towns have achieved 5G network coverage; the average download rate of rural optical fibers exceeds 100mb/s, which has Realize the "same network and speed" with the city.
According to the Action Plan, the upgrading of rural digital infrastructure will be further promoted in the future, including promoting the optimization and upgrading of rural information infrastructure, and promoting the digital transformation and upgrading of traditional rural infrastructure.
At the same time, "Internet + government services" are also continuously extended to the countryside, allowing "digital dividends" to truly enter the villages and households.
The relevant person in charge of the Rural Revitalization Bureau of Luoyang City, Henan Province introduced that through the "Smart Village Information System", the local area innovated a new model of "intelligent governance" at the grass-roots level, and sorted out 11 categories and 135 items closely related to the rural people from nearly 2,000 service items. Home delivery service.
Villagers can make consultations, suggestions and complaints about 87 policies in 13 categories and 43 industry sectors by scanning the codes, so that problems can be said on the “code” and handled by the “code”.
The driving force of rural revitalization
Flowers in Yunnan, bacon in Sichuan, tea in Zhejiang... With the development of agricultural products e-commerce, agricultural special products from all over the country go to the whole country through the Internet and are sold to the world, which not only become the means of getting rich for the rural people, but also provide services for local efforts to achieve rural revitalization. a steady stream of impetus.
As the "Hometown of Famous Tea in China", the tea industry in Suichang, Zhejiang is a pillar industry for the development of the local rural economy.
The "Tea Digitalization Acceleration Project" was launched locally to build a digital tea industry pioneer park integrating R&D, processing, logistics and industrial supporting services.
With the completion of functional spaces such as e-commerce live broadcast rooms, origin warehouses, and maker spaces, the park will provide production, supply and marketing services for 70 tea processing enterprises, directly adding more than 400 e-commerce marketing jobs, and the annual output value is expected to reach 350 million. Yuan.
From early exploration to market policy guidance, agricultural product e-commerce has now become an important starting point for increasing income and promoting income in rural areas.
The "Action Plan" clearly states that it is necessary to highlight the revitalization of rural industries, vigorously develop rural e-commerce, strive to build an online brand of agricultural products, and promote the industrialization of agricultural products with branding; fully mobilize the enthusiasm of the government, enterprises, farmers and other parties to stimulate the endogenous development of rural development. power.
By 2025, it is necessary to cultivate and form a group of rural e-commerce product brands that are famous, high-quality, and distinctive.
With the continuous improvement of the hardware facilities for the development of rural e-commerce, the training of relevant digital talents is also accelerating.
The relevant person in charge of the Central Network Information Office said that it will further strengthen talent support, target the development needs of digital villages, guide colleges and universities to rationally set up relevant majors such as agricultural intelligent equipment engineering and smart agriculture, and rely on the national digital literacy and skill improvement actions to carry out farmers' digital literacy, Training activities such as mobile phone application skills and e-commerce services allow farmers to better enjoy digital dividends.