(Economic Watch) The effect of China's SME rescue policy is showing

  China News Agency, Beijing, February 23 (Reporter Liu Yuying) Since last year, China has successively introduced policies to bail out small and medium-sized enterprises.

The effect of the policy is gradually emerging.

  According to incomplete statistics, since last year, various departments have issued 25 support policies for small and medium-sized enterprises, covering seven aspects including tax reduction and fee reduction, financial support, financing promotion, job stabilization, rights protection, relief from difficulties, and specialization and new development.

  In terms of tax reduction and fee reduction, according to Yu Weiping, Vice Minister of Finance of China, since the outbreak of the epidemic, all domestic value-added tax and corporate income tax have been deferred for small and micro manufacturing enterprises, and 50% of the tax deferred for medium-sized manufacturing enterprises.

Extend the implementation of phased reductions in unemployment insurance and work-related injury insurance rates.

In 2021, about 1.1 trillion yuan (RMB, the same below) will be added to reduce taxes and fees, and small, medium and micro enterprises are the biggest beneficiaries.

  According to statistics, as of the end of December 2021, the tax department has deferred tax payment of 216.2 billion yuan for small, medium and micro enterprises in the manufacturing industry.

Delaying tax payment is equivalent to providing an "interest-free loan" by the state, which relieves the financial pressure of enterprises in stages.

Tax data shows that from November to December 2021, the sales revenue of small, medium and micro enterprises in the manufacturing industry increased by 8.6% year-on-year, and equipment investment increased by 8.3% year-on-year, an increase of 0.8 and 1.1 percentage points from the previous month.

  In terms of alleviating the financing difficulties and expensive financing of small and medium-sized enterprises, the central government will allocate 3 billion yuan in subsidies in 2021 to support the expansion of financing guarantees for small and micro enterprises, reduce guarantee rates, and reduce guarantee costs for market financing entities by more than 10 billion yuan throughout the year. Yuan.

In 2021, the central government will allocate 6.336 billion yuan in interest discounts and incentives for guaranteed loans for entrepreneurship, a year-on-year increase of 65.9%.

  The State Office has issued an implementation plan to strengthen the application of credit information sharing to promote financing of small, medium and micro enterprises, and promote the improvement of the availability of loans for small and medium-sized enterprises.

The financing of small and medium-sized enterprises continued to show a trend of "increasing volume, expanding coverage and decreasing prices".

As of the end of December 2021, the balance of inclusive small and micro loans was 19.22 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 27.3%, 15.7 percentage points higher than the growth rate of various loans.

  in easing the pressure of rising costs.

The National Development and Reform Commission and relevant departments have taken measures such as increasing production and supply, and placing reserves in response to the problem of rising prices of bulk commodities, to promote the maintenance of supply and price of bulk commodities; the Ministry of Transport and other departments have opened a number of new service lines to provide special services for small and medium-sized cargo owners. shipment service.

  With the accelerated implementation of a series of policies to ensure supply and stabilize prices, the prices of bulk commodities such as coal have dropped significantly. The year-on-year increase in PPI (factory price index of industrial producers) has dropped for two consecutive months. The scissors gap has narrowed, and the cost pressure of enterprises has eased.

  Enterprise electricity is also guaranteed.

The National Development and Reform Commission has introduced a series of measures to further deepen the market-oriented reform of on-grid electricity prices for coal-fired power generation, and inter-provincial electricity spot trading rules to ensure the safe and stable supply of energy to small and medium-sized enterprises. The impact of the production cost of the enterprise.

  In addition, various departments in China strongly support the development of "specialized, refined and new" enterprises.

From 2018 to 2022, the central government has allocated about 9 billion yuan to promote the upgrading of entrepreneurship and innovation of small and medium-sized enterprises.

In 2021, the company will start supporting small and medium-sized enterprises with "specialized, specialized, and new" development awards and subsidy funds, realizing the nationwide coverage of "little giant" enterprises.

At present, there are more than 300 listed "little giant" companies. The average growth rate of operating income and net profit in the past two years has exceeded 25%, which is about twice the average of all listed companies.

  Tao Qing, head of the Operation Monitoring and Coordination Bureau of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said that the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will issue guidelines for gradient cultivation in the near future to improve the identification standards for innovative small and medium-sized enterprises, "specialized and new" small and medium-sized enterprises, and "little giant" enterprises, and consolidate high-quality enterprises. Gradient cultivation foundation, and strive to cultivate about 3,000 "little giant" enterprises and about 200 individual champion enterprises in 2022, and drive provinces to cultivate "specialized, special and new" small and medium-sized enterprises to about 50,000.

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