Text / Yangcheng Evening News reporter Li Cungen

  Figure / Xu Zhiwei

  The wonderful, extraordinary and remarkable Beijing Winter Olympics has just ended.

The countdown video with the theme of "Twenty-Four Solar Terms" at the opening ceremony is still vivid in our minds. It amazes the world and allows the world to appreciate the unique cultural charm of this ancient Chinese calendar.

Spring, summer, autumn and winter, from the spring equinox, Qingming to awn seeds, summer solstice, then autumn equinox, cold dew, and even winter solstice and great cold, pursue the changes of the twenty-four solar terms, appreciate the beautiful scenery of the motherland, and experience traditional cultural customs, so as to live up to the good times.

Naturally, it is also the most unmissable arrangement for travel lovers!

  In this issue, the reporter not only recommends a solar term travel map so that you can "see the right scenery at the right time", but also interviews a humanistic photographer to introduce the cultural charm hidden in the twenty-four solar terms in his eyes.

  interpret

  Twenty-four solar terms are world-class intangible cultural heritage

  The twenty-four solar terms are: Beginning of Spring, Rain, Insects, Spring Equinox, Qingming, Grain Rain, Beginning of Summer, Little Man, Sunshine, Summer Solstice, Minor Heat, Great Heat, Beginning of Autumn, Ending Heat, White Dew, Autumn Equinox, Cold Dew, Frostfall, Beginning of Winter, Light Snow, Heavy Snow, and Winter Solstice , Xiaohan and Dahan are distributed in the four seasons of spring, summer, autumn and winter in turn.

It is an important part of the long history and culture of the Chinese nation. It is a complete knowledge system and application system formed by the ancient Chinese who recognized the laws and changes of weather, climate and phenology according to the anniversary of the sun. Some solar terms reflect the changes of the four seasons, such as the beginning of spring, Autumnal equinox; some reflect temperature changes, such as minor heat and great heat; some reflect weather phenomena, such as rain and white dew;

  "Spring rains startle the spring and clear valleys, summers are full of mansions, summers and summers are connected; autumn is dewy, autumn is cold and frost falls, winter is snowy, snowy and winter is small and cold. The two festivals do not change every month, and the difference is at most one or two days. Eight, twenty-three." This is a solar term song that is widely circulated in China. The first four lines are composed of a word from each solar term in order, and the last four lines are the time rules of the twenty-four solar terms.

That is, the solar terms in the first half of the month are around the 6th and 21st of each month, and the second half of the year is around the 8th and 23rd.

  According to research, the twenty-four solar terms were formed in the Yellow River valley of China and have been used for thousands of years since the Western Zhou Dynasty.

In the international meteorological circle, it is known as "China's fifth greatest invention".

The Star Observation Observatory Scenic Spot in Gaocheng Village, Gaocheng Town, Dengfeng City, Henan Province is the center of ancient Chinese astronomical activities due to its distinct four seasons, developed agriculture and central location, including two astronomical cultural relics: Zhougong Observatory and Yuan Dynasty Star Observatory. , is the earliest physical witness of the twenty-four solar terms.

  With the development of the times, the twenty-four solar terms have also been endowed with more significance and cultural functions of the times.

In addition to still integrating with the agricultural season, which has reference significance for agricultural activities, the 24 solar terms have been more closely and widely integrated into the fields of diet, health care, medical care, and characteristic tourism, and have more cultural connotations.

Many solar terms are also traditional festivals in China and even in East Asia.

  In November 2016, the twenty-four solar terms were officially included in the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

As a world-class intangible cultural heritage, many traditional Chinese cultural stories, customs, farming, proverbs, customs, food, ancient poems, festivals, games... related to the twenty-four solar terms are also valued and inherited by everyone.

  recommend

  Move from time to time, follow the solar terms and live up to the time travel

  The twenty-four solar terms are seasonal guides and life aesthetics.

Traveling with the change of the twenty-four solar terms has also become a footnote for Chinese travel enthusiasts to live up to the good times.

  spring

  [Solar terms: Beginning of Spring, Rain, Zhejing, Spring Equinox, Qingming, Grain Rain]

  The plan of the year is spring.

Spring has always been a season suitable for travel. Watching the flowers blooming in the beginning of spring, watching the blooming flowers on the vernal equinox, outing in the spring during the Qingming Festival, drinking a cup of new tea, etc. are all essential activities.

  If you want to enjoy flowers in the beginning of spring and the vernal equinox in early spring, the most suitable place is Guangdong.

Due to geographical and climatic factors, the peach planting bases in Wengyuan, Lechang, Lianzhou and other places in the mountainous areas of northern Guangdong did not enter the peach blossom season until late February. Enjoy the peach blossom season.

The Peach Garden, Peach Blossom King, Liyuan, Daluxia, Shibitan, and tea materials in Jiufeng, Lechang City, Peach Blossom Valley in Lidong Village, Longxian Town, Wengyuan County, and Peach Blossom Sea in Jiuxian Village, Jiangwei Town are all peach blossoms in Guangdong Province. resort.

  In the season of awakening, Wuyuan, known as "the most beautiful village in China", was dotted with pink peach blossoms and white pear blossoms among the golden rape blossoms all over the mountains and plains, and the white walls and grey tiles of Hui-style buildings.

This is the most beautiful time in Wuyuan, which is not to be missed.

  When the Qingming Festival is approaching, the tea in Jiangnan will be missed again.

The spring tea before the Ming Dynasty is very precious, and the famous green tea producing areas in the south of the Yangtze River are often also scenic spots with outstanding mountains and rivers.

Visiting tea in famous tea producing areas, picking tea on tea hills, frying tea in tea gardens, and tasting tea in tea farms are even more intoxicating and leisurely pastoral life.

Eighteen tea trees in front of Hugong Temple at the foot of Shifeng Mountain in Hangzhou West Lake were named "Royal Tea" by Emperor Qianlong.

  From the Qingming Festival to Kaifeng, the bustling ancient capital is the most suitable for imagining the prosperous scenery of Bianliang City in the Qingming Shanghe Garden.

When the Grain Rain is the solar term, the rain will moisten all things to grow, and you can also go to Luoyang to enjoy the beauty of the national color and the fragrance of the peony blooming.

  summer

  [Solar terms: Lixia, Xiaoman, Mango, Summer Solstice, Minor Heat, Great Heat]

  Beginning of the Lixia solar term, the most spectacular scenery is the "most beautiful curve of the earth" - terraced fields; the Dragon Boat Festival before the arrival of mangosteens, you can eat rice dumplings and race dragon boats, which is the most lively of the year. One of the traditional festivals in China; the summer solstice, when the sun shines directly on the Tropic of Cancer, there is no shadow; when the small summer heat and the big summer heat, it is the summer vacation.

  As the busy farming season in various places, the famous terraced fields in various places began to use water for farming: flowing water slowly poured into the terraced fields from the top of the mountain, the ridges like spider silk, the silvery water surface, wearing bamboo hats, drinking water buffalo raking. The farmer constitutes an unparalleled pastoral landscape painting.

The terraced fields are mainly distributed in the mountainous areas of southern China. The most dazzling is undoubtedly the Honghe Hani Terraced Fields in Yunnan, which was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 2013.

In addition, Jiabang Terraced Fields in Congjiang County, Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture, Guizhou Province, Longji Terraced Fields in Longsheng County, Guilin, Guangxi Province, and Meiyuan Terraced Fields in Yunhe County, Lishui City, Zhejiang Province, are also famous domestic terraced tourist attractions.

  Every year at around 12 noon on the summer solstice on June 22, the sun shines directly on the Tropic of Cancer for a moment, and at this moment, you can see the astronomical phenomenon of "immediately invisible".

The sign tower of the Tropic of Cancer is a building that marks the place where the Tropic of Cancer passes in geography. my country is the country with the most sign towers of the Tropic of Cancer in the world. There are 4 towers in Nan'ao, Shantou, Fengkai and Conghua in Guangdong Province.

Among them, the Conghua Tropic of Cancer Sign Tower located on the Sanjiazi Slope of Youmapu Village, Taipingchang, Conghua City is the tallest and largest sign tower on the Tropic of Cancer in the world.

  Of course, during the summer solstice, you can also go to Mohe, the "Shenzhou Arctic".

Because here you can see the refined and dreamy aurora!

  The summer vacation has always been the main theme of summer travel. Qingdao, Qinhuangdao and Dalian on the coast of the northern sea are ideal places, and you can eat plump seafood in addition to a touch of coolness.

Yunnan and Guizhou on the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau are also summer resorts, Kunming is a very famous "spring city", and Xijiang Miao Village in Guizhou is also a "poetry and distance" worth yearning for in midsummer.

  Autumn

  [Solar terms: Beginning of Autumn, Ending Heat, White Dew, Autumn Equinox, Cold Dew, Frostfall]

  In autumn, whether it is the sweet and delicious grapes of Turpan in the white dew, or the colorful leaves in the cold dew, or the ripe persimmons in the frost... it renders a colorful season.

Autumn strides forward, gradually approaching us from the north.

  During the autumnal equinox, the south is still extremely hot, but the high latitudes of Kanas, Xinjiang, the blue sky, the changeable lake water, the tall and straight poplars, the beautiful birch forests, and the golden leaves have already told us with brilliant colors. , the most beautiful autumn color is coming.

Coupled with the wooden houses, fences, cattle, sheep, and horses of the Tuva people, as well as the beautifully named Moon Bay and Shenxian Bay, Kanas always makes people feel that the trip is worthwhile.

And all kinds of ripe melons and fruits in the Turpan Basin are so delicious that people can't stop their mouths.

  In the autumn of the northwest, the vast Gobi Desert and the long yellow sand always have a sense of vastness.

The Populus euphratica forest in Ejin, "born for 3,000 years without dying, dead for 3,000 years, and immortal after 2-3,000 years", is golden, and this is the most beautiful moment.

The oasis ancient city of Dunhuang is a cultural treasure, and it has become the best combination of the ancient Silk Road.

  The frost has brought Jiuzhaigou into a colorful season.

Miyaluo, also in western Sichuan, is currently the largest area for viewing red leaves in China. The leaves are gradually dyed into beautiful bright red and golden yellow through frost, a veritable golden autumn picture scroll.

The red leaves of Fragrant Mountain in Beijing and Qixia Mountain in Nanjing are also gorgeous.

  In the Wanxian Mountain in the Taihang Mountains of Henan, the branches are full of ripe fruits, the green hawthorn has blushed, the mature walnuts are also hanging on the branches, and the red persimmons abound.

In the Huangling Scenic Spot in Wuyuan, Jiangxi, every household has a bumper harvest, and the fiery autumn sun has become a major attraction in the local area.

  The yellow ginkgo leaves all over the north and south of the river bring the romance of "golden armor everywhere in the city".

In the ancient Guanyin Temple in Zhongnan Mountain, Xi'an, Shaanxi, the ginkgo tree planted by Li Shimin more than 1,400 years ago is very charming.

In Tengchong Ginkgo Village in Yunnan, Tiefu and Gangshang in Pizhou, Jiangsu, and the Millennium Ginkgo Valley in Luoyang Town, Zengdu District, Suizhou, Hubei, ancient trees and rural farmhouses complement each other.

  winter

  [Solar terms: Beginning of Winter, Minor Snow, Heavy Snow, Winter Solstice, Minor Cold, Great Cold]

  When the beginning of winter, the water surface in the north begins to freeze, and animals hibernate; the snow and solar terms are everywhere in the northern country;

  During the light snow solar term in early winter, Qinghai Lake on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has begun to freeze.

There are fewer lively tourists in summer and autumn on the plateau, and a little more silence. Whether it is lakes, rivers or snow-capped glaciers, they are more holy.

Of course, going to Harbin, an ice city on the winter solstice, to see snowflakes drifting leisurely, the river lying on ice, the most lively ice lantern garden party, lifelike ice sculptures, and passionate alpine skiing and glacial skating, that is the most charming local season .

And Xuexiang, where is the world of snow, the snow cover period is as long as 7 months, and the snow quality is good and the viscosity is high.

  The success of the Beijing Winter Olympics has undoubtedly made Beijing and Zhangjiakou a new ice and snow tourism destination in the hearts of Chinese people.

Chongli is recognized as the golden area of ​​"mountain vacation" in the world. There are many large ski resorts, super-large ski area, hotels of various levels, as well as advanced snow machines, cable cars and other equipment.

The ski town not only has the largest beginner's area in the country, but also has professional competitive ski trails that meet international standards.

There is also an outdoor open hot spring in the town, and you can also enjoy the moisturizing of this mountain hot spring after skiing.

  If you don’t like ice and snow, the warmth brought by the Hainan Island and the hot springs in Guangdong will be the most comfortable choice.

Especially located in tropical Hainan, the air is fresh and the temperature in winter is above 18 ℃.

  interview

  Interviewee: Xu Zhiwei (famous humanities photographer)

  Twenty-four solar terms in the eyes of photographers

  Xu Zhiwei, a humanistic photographer who loves traditional Chinese culture, believes that the twenty-four solar terms are the most direct manifestation of the Chinese people's advocacy of the concept of "Tao and Nature". Reverence, respect, and conformity to the environment are the survival laws in our traditional culture.

Chinese people pay attention to the right time and place for people, and the time of day is the first. Just like "no food from time to time", when to eat what to do, what to do, can't be in a hurry, can't be urged.

Traveling with the 24 solar terms is not only a gift of time, but also can enjoy spring farming, summer cultivation, autumn harvesting and winter storage, from verdant fields to blank spaces in the middle of the lake, from Sanqiu Guizi to Shili lotus, from rain and wind to moonlight. Si, from Jiangnan Yiyi to Yanyun Momo... Following the twenty-four solar terms, I kept walking and arrived on schedule.

  For humanistic photographers, traveling with the 24 solar terms, there are indeed many places where you can see the most beautiful scenery.

In particular, the 24 solar terms are closely related to China's farming activities, and are also an important part of Chinese traditional life customs activities.

For example, among the twenty-four solar terms, the mangosteen solar term that best reflects the characteristics of this farming culture, there are plow festivals in many places in the south of the Yangtze River. At this time, when you go to Yunhe in Lishui, Zhejiang, and Nanxi River in Wenzhou, you can see farmers in The scenery of working terraces in the meantime has a strong sense of Chinese traditional culture.

It is also the first choice of many photography enthusiasts for the rainy solar term to the ancient villages in the south of the Yangtze River. For example, Songyang County is known as the "last secret realm in the south of the Yangtze River".

In addition, the Jiangnan region also attaches great importance to the solar terms of the beginning of summer. Folks will cook traditional delicacies such as black rice and salted bean rice. Suzhou, Hangzhou, Shaoxing and other places can experience this style of beginning of summer.

  Another example is the small cold solar term. At this time, when you come to Hangzhou in the south of the Yangtze River, you can watch a snowfall. After the snow falls, Hangzhou becomes more like the landscape of the Song Dynasty. On the heavy snow solar term, you can go to the traditional Chinese ancient villages in Huizhou to see the snow falling between the eyebrows and the lake in the heart of the lake. White, forming a natural long roll after snow.

  Light snow and heavy snow are the solar terms. In fact, it is also suitable for traveling to Tibet.

Basically every year before the Spring Festival, I go to Tibet, because there are few tourists at this time, and the cold solar term is the best time to photograph glaciers.

Of course, going to Qiqihar Zhalong Nature Reserve to see the red-crowned crane "The sound of the crane sings in the wild is heard in the wild", this artistic conception is also very lofty.

  How to take a good picture of the twenty-four solar terms

  I update my photo gallery of the 24 solar terms every year, not to post a nine-square grid in the circle of friends when a certain solar term comes, but to record the changes in the solar terms in the next year, and also to record my mood and traditional Chinese culture. some beautiful moments.

  If you want your photos to reflect the twenty-four solar terms, you should choose some scenes with traditional Chinese culture, such as gardens and ancient villages.

In particular, glazed tiles, palace walls, ancient bridges, horse head walls, etc. can reflect traditional Chinese cultural elements, as well as persimmons, plum blossoms, rape blossoms, and rice fields that express seasonal changes. When these are combined with Chinese architectural elements, it will be very beautiful. .

  For example, it is like the heavy snow solar term, such as in the ancient villages of Huizhou, when it happens to be snowing, then the layered horse head wall is covered with snow scenes. If the composition is relatively concise, it has the feeling of traditional Chinese landscape painting. It will naturally be more interesting to come out.

It is not difficult to shoot, and it can be used for ultra-wide-angle, medium and long focal lengths.

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