Adequate supply to offset the adverse effects of rain and snow weather -

  the national vegetable prices fell slightly after the holiday .

   Our reporter Huang Junyi

  Since the Spring Festival holiday, a wide range of low-temperature rain and snow weather has occurred in many places in my country, which is not conducive to the growth, harvesting and transportation of vegetables.

However, from the market price point of view, the national vegetable price showed a continuous slight downward trend.

  The national average wholesale price data of 28 kinds of vegetables monitored by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs shows that in terms of weekly prices, the Spring Festival holiday (the first week of February) was 5.94 yuan per kilogram, an increase of 1.7% over the previous month. As of February 16), they fell to 5.71 yuan and 5.53 yuan respectively, down 3.9% and 3.2% from the previous month, and both fell by more than 10% year-on-year.

  According to common sense, the low temperature, rain and snow weather is not conducive to the growth, harvesting and transportation of vegetables, and will inevitably drive up prices. Why have the national vegetable prices continued to decline since the Spring Festival this year?

  Experts said that the reason for the decline in vegetable prices is that the supply is guaranteed.

Zhang Jing, chief analyst of the vegetable market analysis and early warning team of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said that in terms of supply, the national vegetable field area reached more than 80 million mu in January, an increase of more than 2 million mu year-on-year.

It is estimated that the total vegetable supply in the next three months will reach 170 million tons, a year-on-year increase of 3.5 million tons. With the addition of winter vegetables, about 1.5 kilograms of vegetables per person per day in the country can be supplied.

From a regional perspective, the "Southern Vegetables to the North" and the main northern vegetable producing provinces are the main forces to ensure the supply of winter and spring markets.

The vegetable area in these areas is 57 million mu, an increase of nearly 1.3 million mu year-on-year, and has gradually entered the peak season of vegetable harvesting, which can effectively ensure market supply.

At the same time, the main vegetable-producing provinces have effectively strengthened their ability to prevent and reduce disasters in vegetable production after suffering extensive heavy rainfall last autumn, and measures to stabilize production and supply have achieved remarkable results.

  There are also consumption-related reasons for the decline in vegetable prices.

During the Spring Festival, consumers are less sensitive to vegetable prices, and some vegetables, despite their relatively high prices, did not inhibit demand.

After the holiday, consumption becomes rational, and the inhibitory effect of high prices on demand begins to appear.

Liu Tong, manager of the statistics department of Beijing Xinfadi Agricultural Products Wholesale Market, said that some merchants had to cut prices for promotions after they shipped high-priced, off-season vegetables from their production areas to the market.

For example, after the cabbage purchased from Sichuan and Hubei at a high price arrived in the market, the wholesale price dropped to 0.15 yuan/kg due to the large quantity and unsalable sales, which only covered the cost of cutting, sorting, packaging and transportation.

  Although vegetable prices continued to decline, the seasonal decline was not as fast as the same period in previous years.

In terms of varieties, the prices of 15 kinds of vegetables in the national vegetable market increased year-on-year, and 13 kinds decreased. Among them, the price of tomatoes increased by 89.2% year-on-year in February.

Taking the Beijing market as an example, on February 18, the weighted average price of vegetables in the Beijing Xinfadi Agricultural Products Wholesale Market was 3.86 yuan/kg, down 8.10% from 4.20 yuan/kg last week (February 11), but compared with the same period last year. 3.62 yuan / kg rose 6.63%, a slight increase year-on-year.

Liu Tong said that according to the same period of the lunar calendar, the weighted average price of vegetables in the Beijing Xinfadi Agricultural Products Wholesale Market on the 18th of the first lunar month last year was 3.02 yuan/kg, a year-on-year increase of 27.81% this year.

  The reason is that the price of vegetables has remained high since last autumn, and the purchase price of the origin has also been at a high level, making the overall price of vegetables still higher than the price of the same period last year.

Regarding the reasons for the high tomato prices, Zhang Jing introduced that on the one hand, the tomato prices continued to slump in the spring of last year, and sales in some areas were unsustainable, which led to the reduction of plantings in Zhejiang Cangnan, Yunnan Yuanmou, Sichuan Panzhihua and other producing areas this season; on the other hand, because of Shandong and Henan. , Hebei and other production areas were flooded from September to October last year, and suffered heavy snowfall in November. In some areas, facilities collapsed and damaged, and there were many dead seedlings. In addition, there were many cloudy days in the early stage of planting and early cooling after winter, and tomato pollination. Affected, the listing volume declined, and the supply continued to be tight.

  Regarding the price movement of vegetables in the later period, Zhang Jing believes that it will maintain a high volatility trend, and the price of some varieties may fluctuate greatly.

Affected by rising gasoline and diesel prices and seasonal factors, vegetable prices are expected to remain firm in the short term.

Before the Spring Festival, the market demand was strong, and prices rose a lot. Currently, vegetable prices are in a period of recovery and seasonal decline.

In the next 10 days, the cold air affecting my country will still be frequent, and the average temperature in most areas will be 1 to 4 degrees Celsius lower than the same period of normal years, which will also have a certain adverse impact on the production of vegetables in northern facilities.

Before the end of February, the temperature in most parts of the south was lower than normal, and the temperature in some areas was 3 to 5 degrees Celsius lower.

Therefore, the rate of decline in vegetable prices in the later period may further slow down, and the prices of some varieties may even rebound.

It is expected that after March, vegetable prices can enter the seasonal decline range as a whole.

Our reporter Huang Junyi

Our reporter Huang Junyi