The State Council officially issued the "14th Five-Year Plan for Promoting Agricultural and Rural Modernization"——
Agricultural and rural modernization press the "fast forward button" (Rui Finance and Economics)
A few days ago, the State Council officially released the "14th Five-Year Plan for Promoting Agricultural and Rural Modernization" (hereinafter referred to as the "Plan").
The "Plan" proposes that by 2025, the agricultural foundation will be more stable, the rural revitalization strategy will be fully promoted, and important progress will be made in the modernization of agriculture and rural areas.
Echelon promotion areas with conditions will take the lead in basically realizing the modernization of agriculture and rural areas, and the poverty alleviation areas will realize the effective connection between the consolidation and expansion of poverty alleviation and rural revitalization.
Looking forward to 2035, decisive progress will be made in the comprehensive revitalization of the countryside, and the modernization of agriculture and rural areas will be basically realized.
Coordinate global and precise policy implementation
During the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, China accelerated the development of modern agriculture. All 832 poverty-stricken counties were removed from the list, and all 128,000 poverty-stricken villages were listed. The contribution rate of agricultural science and technology progress exceeded 60%, and rural revitalization achieved a good start.
However, my country's agricultural and rural development still faces many contradictions and challenges, such as a large area of arable land quality degradation, poor agricultural quality, efficiency and competitiveness, and a weak foundation for industrial development in poverty alleviation areas.
In this regard, the "Planning" plans for agricultural modernization and rural modernization as a whole, and makes a precise "combination punch".
For example, in terms of food security, the "Plan" emphasizes stabilizing subsidies for grain farmers, improving the minimum purchase price policy for rice and wheat, and subsidy policies for corn and soybean producers, and improving the compensation mechanism for the interests of major grain producing areas; in terms of arable land protection, the "Plan" "Once again, it is clear that "stick to the red line of 1.8 billion mu of arable land", resolutely curb the "non-agriculturalization" of arable land, and strictly control the "non-grain transformation"; in terms of industrial layout, the "Planning" proposes to rely on agricultural and rural resources, with farmers as the main body, Cultivate and expand modern planting and breeding industry, rural characteristic industry, agricultural product processing and circulation industry, rural leisure tourism, rural new service industry, rural information industry, etc., and form a rural industrial system with distinctive characteristics, rich types and coordinated development...
In an interview with this reporter, Professor He Xiongkui, Dean of the Smart Agricultural UAV System Research Institute of China Agricultural University, pointed out that, on the one hand, agricultural and rural modernization is a systematic project, which needs to focus on practical problems and learn from international experience. On the other hand, accelerating the modernization process of agriculture and rural areas with Chinese characteristics is an inevitable requirement for the modernization development of the entire country.
On the basis of in-depth analysis of the contradictions and challenges faced by my country's agricultural and rural development, the "Plan" proposes a series of specific measures, which not only conform to the will of the people, but also meet the objective laws and requirements of China's high-quality economic development.
Strengthen scientific and technological innovation support
It is worth noting that the "Planning" attaches great importance to the supporting role of science and technology.
For example, the "Plan" pointed out that it is necessary to focus on key areas such as biological breeding, cultivated land quality, smart agriculture, agricultural machinery and equipment, and agricultural green inputs, and accelerate the research and development and innovation of a number of key core technologies and products.
"Nowadays, the focus of the 'Sannong' work has historically shifted to comprehensively promoting rural revitalization. Who is the main body of rural revitalization, how to do it, how to solidly improve the scientific and technological content of the rural economy, and how to make the level of rural modernization more in line with the city... These are The problem depends on the guidance of a highly systematic, structured and refined policy system. This is what the "Planning" wants to play." He Xiongkui said.
According to Yu Jian, an associate professor at the School of Economics of the Central University of Finance and Economics, to achieve "absolutely safe food rations and independent and controllable supply of major agricultural products" requires agriculture to strengthen its relationship with upstream and downstream industries on the basis of comprehensive quality improvement and efficiency improvement, thereby driving the whole food industry. The production and processing system is transformed in the direction of high value and high efficiency.
Yu Jian believes that in the future, disruptive agricultural technology innovation and the application of cross-border technologies such as biology, digital and equipment in agriculture and related industries will become the most important driving force for improving total factor productivity in agriculture, and promote the comprehensive modernization of agriculture.
Today, more and more companies are engaged in the fields of agricultural mechanization and digitalization.
The reporter learned from Zoomlion that the company divides rice planting into 13 links and 49 decision points, and unites massive data to help farmers achieve scientific planting.
"In the future, we will continue to increase investment in scientific research to make agricultural machinery products more intelligent, make farmers' operations more comfortable, and further improve agricultural production efficiency through the promotion of smart agriculture." Vice President of Zoomlion and CEO of Zoomlion Agricultural Machinery Co., Ltd. Xiong Yanming said.
Unleash the potential of rural revitalization
A number of industry insiders said that many of the contents of the "Plan" are aimed at effectively connecting the achievements of the consolidation and expansion of poverty alleviation with rural revitalization, which will effectively stimulate the potential of rural revitalization and press the "fast forward button" for the modernization of China's agriculture and rural areas.
"The "Planning" emphasizes the important role of improving digital, intelligent and other infrastructure in the modernization of agriculture and rural areas. Today, JD.com is rooted in the real economy, with solid infrastructure, efficient digital and intelligent social supply chain, innovative Technical service capabilities, build a modern circulation system for agricultural products, promote the positive circulation of high-quality agricultural products, and serve the revitalization of rural areas." Zeng Chen, vice president of Jingdong Group, told this reporter.
It is understood that Jingdong Farm has built a high-quality agricultural product production demonstration base from four aspects: "base information system construction, planting and production standards and codes of conduct, upward sales channels for agricultural products, and agricultural product brand building".
Up to now, Jingdong Farm has implemented nearly 60 projects, with a construction area of nearly 400,000 mu of digital bases, driving the rapid development of 13 types of agricultural industries in more than ten provinces and cities.
He Xiongkui said that to effectively connect the achievements of consolidating and expanding poverty alleviation with rural revitalization, it is necessary to further consolidate the "hematopoietic function" of agriculture and rural areas from the industrial level.
"The modernization of agriculture and rural areas requires us to develop in depth with 'one town, one industry' and 'one village, one product'. The "Plan" proposes to strengthen the construction of rural infrastructure, improve the level of basic public services in rural areas, and deepen the reform of the rural property rights system. It will help to further consolidate the economic and social foundation for rural revitalization." He Xiongkui said.Keywords: