“进口货”该怎么买?国际邮件如何安全消杀?“物传人”可能性如何应对?

  三问“海淘”采购风险

  新华社北京1月23日电(记者吴文诩、阳娜、侠克)目前,奥密克戎已成为全球优势流行株,通过人和物输入我国的风险逐渐增大。我国相继发生由冷链物品或境外邮件引发的疫情。消费者该如何“海淘”?国际邮件消杀能否让人放心?如何应对“物传人”的可能性?

 “进口货”该怎么买?

  记者在多家海淘App、境外买手网站上就“海淘”是否安全进行咨询,收到诸如“外包装会经过多次消杀,不会有携带病毒的风险”“采购前、发货前都会消毒,包裹到海关还会进行集体消杀,所以携带病毒的概率是非常小的”的回复。

  然而,一位专门代购某海外品牌奶粉的批发商也表示,从某国发货的奶粉在当地没有任何防护措施,主要靠国内海关对包裹进行消杀防护。目前,代购主要由国外直邮或国内保税仓发货,不过受疫情影响,从一些国家和地区直邮的时效不稳定,估计到货要3周以上的时间。

  京东生鲜体验提升部负责人岳清华介绍,为了满足消费者对进口冷链食品“买得明白、买得放心”的要求,京东生鲜为消费者提供进口商品全程溯源服务平台,全环节冷链流转可查询、可追溯。消费者在京东平台购买进口冷链商品,可通过追溯码查询产品的来源国家或地区、生产日期、批次号、流通路径以及商品的消毒证明等全方位信息。

  国家邮政局安全监督管理司1月16日发出通知,要求进一步提高思想认识,切实筑牢国际邮件快件疫情防控屏障,严防境外疫情通过寄递渠道输入。要综合评估进口邮件快件来源地疫情风险等级、上游经营主体资质、寄递物品属性等因素,按照精准防控、提级管控的相关要求,制定疫情高风险国家和地区进口邮件快件疫情防控处置方案,减少从境外疫情高风险国家和地区邮购、快递物品。

  国际邮件如何安全消杀?

  According to a press conference on the prevention and control of the novel coronavirus pneumonia in Beijing, one local confirmed case was recently discovered, and the self-reported that he had recently sent and received international emails.

After sampling and nucleic acid testing, disease control personnel found that some of the outer and inner surfaces of the mail package and paper samples in the documents were positive.

In addition, the Beijing Municipal Public Security Bureau informed that an operator of a food wholesale department violated the relevant regulations on the prevention and control of cold chain products and replaced the import labels of sea hairtail and other seafood imported from a Southeast Asian country with domestic labels without authorization, in order to evade the normal supervision of imported cold chain products. .

  How to safely kill international mail is related to whether the import of the epidemic can be effectively prevented, and whether consumers can rest assured of "sea shopping".

  Wei Zhide, Managing Director of FedEx China Operations Department, introduced that in the sterilization process, from the start of flight unloading to the entire process before delivery, the packaging of imported goods will be sterilized many times in full coverage according to relevant prevention and control requirements and technical standards. .

At the same time, the staff will also do a good job in the disinfection and ventilation of the international mail processing places and vehicles.

  Yue Qinghua introduced that in order to ensure the safety of the circulation of imported fresh commodities, JD Fresh will check the customs declaration form, inspection and quarantine certificate, nucleic acid test report and disinfection certificate of the imported cold chain commodities on the basis of compliance with local regulatory standards. Only after confirming that there is no abnormality can the storage be allowed.

At the same time, the warehouse is fully disinfected on a regular basis, and employees are periodically organized to conduct nucleic acid testing in accordance with the requirements of local epidemic prevention departments to ensure operational safety.

In addition, strict disinfection measures are also implemented simultaneously in the fresh food park of JD Logistics.

  How to deal with the possibility of "human transmission"?

  Pang Xinghuo, deputy director of the Beijing Center for Disease Control and Prevention, believes that the new coronavirus can survive at low temperatures for a long time, and the risk of animal transmission in winter increases.

In the past, many provinces in my country have also reported cases of transmission through cold chain or non-cold chain items. Recently, there have been reports of positive overseas mail and other items in many places in my country.

  Chen Xiaoyou, deputy director of Beijing Ditan Hospital, said that due to the generally low temperature in winter, the survival time of the new coronavirus in a low temperature environment will be significantly prolonged, and it is possible to survive on the surface of objects and in a cold chain environment. Physician and patient prevention."

Citizens should wear gloves and use alcohol or chlorine-containing disinfectant to sterilize the outer packaging of the package if they think there is a risk when unpacking, especially when unpacking imported cold chain goods and other relatively high-risk packages. "Eliminate a layer, tear a layer".

  Pang Xinghuo suggested that if you receive overseas mail or items, you should reduce direct contact and communication, and achieve contactless handover as much as possible. If you need to sign in person, you should keep a distance of more than 1 meter from the courier.

When disassembling, try to do it outdoors, do not take the outer packaging home, and dispose of it according to household waste.

If you need to take it home, you can use chlorine-containing disinfectant to thoroughly disinfect the inner and outer packaging.

After handling the mail, take off your gloves in time, change your mask, carefully sanitize or wash your hands, and avoid touching your mouth, eyes, and nose with unclean hands.

  (Participating in the writing: Sun Xiao)

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