The epidemic has repeatedly fluctuated in the century, and the evolution of the century has accelerated. How will China's economy do in 2021?
On January 17, data released by the National Bureau of Statistics showed that according to preliminary calculations, the gross domestic product (GDP) in 2021 was 114.367 trillion yuan, an increase of 8.1% over the previous year at constant prices, and an average growth of 5.1% for the two years.
The start determines the future, and the start is related to the overall situation. It is very important to take the first step well.
In the past year, we have adhered to the general principle of seeking progress while maintaining stability, scientifically coordinated epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, made new steps in building a new development pattern, and achieved new results in high-quality development.
Judging from various data, the word "stable" is used as a base, the word "jin" is highlighted, and the word "excellent" is applied.
The word "stable" is at the bottom.
Stability is the main tone.
In terms of growth rate, the first quarter increased by 18.3% year-on-year, the second quarter increased by 7.9%, the third quarter increased by 4.9%, and the fourth quarter increased by 4.0%.
According to the two-year average, from the first quarter to the fourth quarter, the growth rate was 4.9%, 5.5%, 4.9% and 5.2% respectively.
In the past year, China's economy has encountered many foreseeable and unforeseen challenges, from the outbreak of epidemics to severe floods, from commodity price hikes to power and coal shortages.
Under this circumstance, China's economic operation is generally stable, and the expected development goals are well achieved, which is very commendable, showing the huge potential and strong resilience of the Chinese economy.
"In" word tick.
In the past year, the trend of China's economic "advancement" has become more obvious.
The added value of high-tech manufacturing and equipment manufacturing increased by 18.2% and 12.9% respectively, 8.6 and 3.3 percentage points faster than that of industries above designated size, and the industrial structure continued to be optimized.
The expenditure on research and experimental development (R&D) of the whole society increased by 14.2% over the previous year, and the growth rate was 4 percentage points faster than that in 2020, and the innovation momentum was effectively enhanced.
The energy consumption per unit of GDP decreased by 2.7% over the previous year, and new achievements were made in green and low-carbon development.
The continuous optimization and upgrading of the structure, and the new kinetic energy taking advantage of the trend, mean that my country has a stronger foundation for development, better conditions, and more motivation, which has also laid a solid foundation for this year's economic work.
The word "excellent" is colored.
What the people want, what the government wants.
In 2021, the scale of employment will continue to expand, and 12.69 million new jobs will be created in urban areas throughout the year, an increase of 830,000 over the previous year, exceeding the expected target of more than 11 million for the year.
Consumer prices rose by 0.9% over the previous year, lower than the expected target of around 3%.
The per capita disposable income of national residents was 35,128 yuan, a real increase of 8.1% after deducting price factors, basically keeping pace with economic growth.
In the past year, in the face of multiple challenges such as the complex and severe international environment and the spread of the domestic epidemic, steady growth and people's livelihood have been mutually promoted, the employment situation has been generally stable, and people's living standards have been further improved, reflecting the strength of China's sustained and stable economic recovery. .
"Many things in the world should be dealt with in a variety of ways, drumming to urge the levy to stabilize the boat".
In 2021, China's economy will "make progress while maintaining stability", strengthening confidence in development.
Good grades, but stay awake.
At present, my country's economy is facing the triple pressure of demand contraction, supply shock, and weakening expectations. There is still a long way to go to achieve high-quality development.
Therefore, we must firmly adhere to the principle of stability, seek progress while maintaining stability, organically combine stable growth, structural adjustment, and reform, and unswervingly do our own thing, so as to promote high-quality development to a new level.
(Yang Fei, columnist of China Economic Net)Keywords: