Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, January 18th: "Have the confidence, conditions and ability to promote stable, healthy and sustainable economic development" - National Development and Reform Commission on the economic trend in 2022

  Xinhua News Agency reporters An Bei and Xie Xiyao

  "Looking forward to the trend of the whole year, we have the confidence, conditions and ability to promote the stable, healthy and sustainable development of the economy." Yuan Da, director of the National Economic Comprehensive Department of the National Development and Reform Commission, said on the 18th.

  In 2022, how will macro-control ensure that the economy operates within a reasonable range?

What is the situation of energy supply and price stability?

Regarding the hot issues surrounding China's economic trend, the relevant person in charge of the National Development and Reform Commission responded at a press conference held on the same day.

  Confidence in a smooth start to the first quarter

  The National Bureau of Statistics recently released the 2021 China Economic Transcript.

In 2021, my country's GDP will reach 114.4 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 8.1%, and an average two-year growth of 5.1%.

  "The situation in 2021 is more complicated and more difficult than expected, but we have worked together to do our own affairs well, withstood the pressure and guarded against risks, and the economy has maintained a sustained recovery and development momentum. Small policy costs have achieved an optimal combination of faster economic growth and lower inflation, which is hard-won," said Jin Xiandong, director of the Policy Research Office of the National Development and Reform Commission and spokesman.

  At present, my country's external environment is becoming more complex, severe and uncertain, and domestic development is facing triple pressures of shrinking demand, supply shocks and weakening expectations that have not been seen for many years.

Economic development in 2022 will face many pressures.

  Yuan Da said that to ensure that the economy operates within a reasonable range in 2022, macro-control focuses on three aspects.

  The first is to highlight stability as the top priority, and macro policies must be sound and effective.

Maintain the continuity, stability and sustainability of macro policies, improve forward-looking, pertinence, and effectiveness, grasp the rhythm, intensity and focus of policies, and focus on stabilizing the macroeconomic market.

  The second is to strengthen policy planning and coordination to form a joint force for stable growth.

Strengthen the overall coordination of policies last year and this year, strengthen the overall coordination of inter-departmental policies, strengthen the coordination and linkage between fiscal, monetary, employment policies and industrial, investment, consumption, regional, environmental protection, reform and other policies, and do a good job in economic policies and non-governmental policies. Effective linkage of economic policies.

All policies must be evaluated and analyzed before they are introduced. Policies that are conducive to economic stability must be actively promoted, and policies that have a contractionary effect must be carefully introduced.

  The third is to focus on the stable start of the economy, and policy efforts should be appropriately advanced.

We will promptly introduce a series of policy measures to implement the strategy of expanding domestic demand.

Timely research and put forward targeted measures to stimulate industrial operation.

Carry out infrastructure investment moderately ahead of schedule, and implement the local government special bonds issued in the fourth quarter of last year into specific projects as soon as possible, and strive to create more physical workload in the first quarter.

  "my country's economy continues to recover and develop, the conditions of production factors that support high-quality development have not changed, and the fundamentals for the long-term improvement have not changed. We are confident in achieving a stable start in the first quarter and maintaining a reasonable range of economic performance throughout the year. "Yuan Da said.

  Energy supply is generally stable

  The situation of energy supply and price stability has attracted much attention.

Li Yunqing, director of the Economic Operation Regulation Bureau of the National Development and Reform Commission, said that as of January 16, the nationally-regulated power plants had stored 166 million tons of coal, which could be used for 21 days, the highest level in history for the same period.

  According to reports, in 2021, the national electricity consumption of the whole society will increase by 10.3% year-on-year, and the electricity consumption growth rate of 19 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) in the country will exceed 10%.

It is expected that the national electricity consumption and the highest electricity load will continue to grow rapidly in 2022.

  Li Yunqing said that it is necessary to give full play to the role of various power sources in ensuring supply, the role of optimizing the allocation of large power grid resources, and the role of power demand-side management to protect people's livelihood, so as to provide strong support for the stable operation of the economy and society.

  He said that since the beginning of winter, my country's natural gas supply has been better than in previous years.

At present, the supply of natural gas resources across the country is sufficient, and the price of natural gas in the domestic market is basically stable, which can ensure that the people are warm during the Spring Festival holiday.

  "The current national energy supply is generally stable, but the supply and demand situation and the international market environment are still relatively complex." Li Yunqing said, adhere to the problem-oriented and goal-oriented, continue to deepen the construction of the energy production, supply, storage and marketing system, and provide a solid and reliable energy guarantee for economic and social development. .

  The clean and efficient use of coal is related to national energy security and is of great significance to achieving the goal of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality.

Li Yunqing said that it is necessary to strengthen top-level design, promptly formulate guidelines for promoting high-quality coal development, and based on my country's basic national conditions and development stages, put forward key goals and main measures in stages to promote safe, green development and clean and low-carbon utilization of coal resources.

For the major coal-using industries, the benchmark and benchmark level for clean and efficient utilization of coal shall be proposed, and enterprises shall be guided to accelerate the pace of transformation and upgrading of clean and efficient utilization of coal.

Make good use of the support policies for the clean and efficient utilization of coal, support eligible projects for clean and efficient utilization of coal, and accelerate the promotion of mature technologies for market-oriented application.

  Spring ploughing fertilizer supply is guaranteed

  Fertilizer prices in the international market have fluctuated dramatically recently.

Spring ploughing is coming soon, how to ensure the stability of fertilizer prices?

  Jin Xiandong said that urea production has been increasing year-on-year for four consecutive weeks recently, of which the daily output of gas-to-urea is about 30,000 tons, a substantial increase of nearly 140% year-on-year.

The national spring ploughing fertilizer reserve is being stored in an orderly manner as required, and will be put on the market from March to May this year according to the start time of spring ploughing in various places.

In addition, a certain scale of temporary reserves of summer tube fertilizers will be added this year, and the reserves will be added in place before the end of February.

  "The supply of chemical fertilizers for spring ploughing this year is guaranteed, but considering that it is difficult to further drop production costs significantly, it is expected that the price of chemical fertilizers for spring ploughing will remain at a high level." Jin Xiandong said that the supply of chemical fertilizer production factors such as coal, electricity, natural gas, and sulfur will be guaranteed. Further play the positive role of import and export adjustment, reserve throughput, etc. in ensuring supply and price stability in the fertilizer market, and take multiple measures to ensure supply and price stability of fertilizers.