The import and export scale of the Pilot Free Trade Zone in 2021 will increase by 26.4%

  The experimental field of reform and opening up is growing vigorously (planning and promoting the high-quality development of the pilot free trade zone with greater efforts)

  A few days ago, my country's 2021 foreign trade report card was released, and the scale of import and export of goods trade exceeded US$6 trillion for the first time.

Among them, the import and export of the pilot free trade zone increased by 26.4%, showing a vigorous development trend.

  Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, my country has successively deployed and established 21 pilot free trade zones, forming a pilot pattern covering east, west, north, south, and middle.

As a test field for reform and opening up, the Pilot Free Trade Zone has launched a large number of high-level institutional innovations, built a number of world-leading industrial clusters, and made important contributions to high-quality development.

  This edition launched a special report today, focusing on the implementation of high-level opening-up in the three pilot free trade zones, making full use of both international and domestic markets and two resources, and actively promoting the vivid practice of high-standard international economic and trade rules and actively promoting institutional innovation.

  --editor

  Lingang New Area of ​​Shanghai Pilot Free Trade Zone

  Cultivating International Market Competitiveness

  Our reporter Luo Shanshan

  Why choose to settle in Lingang New Area of ​​Shanghai Pilot Free Trade Zone?

  "Resources are concentrated, shipping hubs, and open highlands." said Chen Xi, secretary of the board of directors of Canadian Tianqing International Group. The industrial chain and supply chain of the group's wholly-owned subsidiary Shanghai Puqing Electronics' global maintenance project are all over the world, "manufacturing capacity, transportation logistics, Factors such as the trade environment are directly related to business development, and the Lingang New Area has excellent conditions.”

  Looking at the location advantages, it is located in the southeast corner of Shanghai, at the northern end of the "sea channel" of Hangzhou Bay, and in the middle of the coastal channel between Jiangsu, Shanghai and Zhejiang.

  Looking at the traffic conditions, it is connected to the world's largest container handling port-Yangshan Deepwater Port in the south, with a 13-kilometer coastline and unique terminal resources; it is adjacent to the world's third largest cargo airport-Pudong International Airport in the north, with a complete international transportation network.

  Looking at the favorable policies, the Yangshan Special Comprehensive Bonded Zone in the Lingang New Area will implement a higher level of trade liberalization and facilitation policies on the basis of the comprehensive implementation of the comprehensive bonded zone policy.

  Benchmarking the internationally recognized free trade zone with the strongest competitiveness, the Lingang New Area has opened up at a higher level, forcing the reform and innovation of supervision methods.

  Bonded maintenance involves a wide range of imported materials and parts, old parts need to be processed, and new products need to be exported.

How to strengthen supervision and make business safe, orderly and efficient?

The Lingang New Area Management Committee of the Shanghai Pilot Free Trade Zone, together with Shanghai Customs and other departments, has developed and constructed an integrated information management service platform in the Lingang New Area, connecting 20 business departments and units, integrating 35 business applications, and realizing "one enterprise". One household, one code, the whole process and all elements” global supervision.

  The reform pilot tasks were implemented one by one.

Since its inauguration in August 2019, it has been benchmarked against the highest standards and levels, and has carried out a greater degree of stress testing. The Lingang New Area has explored a deeper, broader, and more vigorous all-round and high-level opening.

Up to now, 90% of the tasks decomposed in the "Overall Plan for Lingang New Area of ​​China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone" have been completed, basically forming an institutional open system framework with "five freedoms and one convenience" as the core.

  A number of foreign-funded projects have been launched one after another: from the first wholly foreign-owned financial technology company HSBC Jinke, to the University of Applied Sciences jointly established by Munich University of Applied Sciences and Tongji University in Germany, investment fields such as finance, telecommunications, and education continue to expand and open up.

  A number of hub channels have been opened continuously: the first to cancel the special RMB capital account for foreign direct investment, the first to carry out pilot projects such as cross-border transfer of domestic trade financing assets, cross-border capital pool combining domestic and foreign currencies, and cross-border financing facilitation quota for high-tech enterprises...

  The construction of a number of major platforms has been accelerated: the construction of major functional platforms such as an international financial asset trading platform, an international oil and gas trading and pricing center, an on-site national commodity warehouse receipt registration center, and a national-level large on-site precious metal reserve warehouse has been fully promoted.

  Over the past two years, the Lingang New Area has signed a total of 1,004 projects and completed 52,238 enterprise registrations.

In 2021, the total industrial output value is expected to reach 255 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 70%; the fixed asset investment of the whole society is expected to reach 100 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 62%.

With the implementation of projects, the release of investment, and the increase in production capacity, the Lingang New Area continues to accelerate.

  Hefei Area of ​​Anhui Pilot Free Trade Zone

  "Technology + Industry" Strikes a Combination

  Our reporter Ma Yuefeng Jiang Xiaodan Li Xinping Xu Jing

  Without a physical screen, you can control the elevator buttons with your finger in the air. Walking into the Hefei area of ​​the Anhui Pilot Free Trade Zone, the non-contact interactive device displayed by Dongchao Technology Co., Ltd. relies on the negative refraction flat lens technology to achieve "media-free, Interactable and realistic.”

"In epidemic prevention and control, this technology is applied to elevators, medical self-service machines and other equipment to reduce the risk of cross-infection," said Han Dongcheng, chairman of the company.

  In the Hefei area, a large number of innovative enterprises are actively exploring the development model of "science and technology + industry".

Since its establishment in September 2020, with institutional innovation as the core, the Hefei area has promoted the deep integration of technological innovation and the development of the real economy, and helped emerging industries such as new displays, quantum information, integrated circuits, and artificial intelligence flourish.

  To promote the industrialization of scientific and technological innovation achievements, Hefei is playing a combination of punches.

After the first "air imaging" glass sample went offline, Dongchao was faced with difficulties such as funds and talents.

At a critical moment, Hefei High-tech Zone gave 8 million yuan of equity financing.

In 2020, the company's founding team repurchased 80% of the total investment given by Hefei High-tech Zone at an annualized simple interest of 8%.

In the new round of financing, the relevant funds of Hefei High-tech Zone invested another 10 million yuan in accordance with market rules.

In 2021, Dongchao expects sales revenue to reach 200 million yuan.

  Kan Rui, director of the Hefei High-tech Zone Pilot Free Trade Zone Administration, said that in the first 11 months of 2021, the high-tech zone of the Pilot Free Trade Zone has successively launched the pilot free trade zone credit loan, the University of Science and Technology alumni entrepreneurial loan, and the Hefei High-tech Incubation Fund and other technological financial products. .

Among them, a total of 150 million yuan has been invested in credit loans in the Pilot Free Trade Zone, and the maximum loan amount for a single household of HKUST Alumni Entrepreneurship Loans is 20 million yuan.

  New industries, leveraging the big platform.

The Hefei area has opened up major platforms such as the Quantum Innovation Institute, the Ion Medicine Center, and the Hefei Advanced Computing Center, cultivated major original achievements such as the National Shield Quantum Random Number Standard, Zhifeilong Kema's recombinant new crown vaccine, and opened up the "original innovation-technical innovation-industrial innovation" "Key link.

"In the early days of our business, we settled in the Advanced Technology Research Institute of the University of Science and Technology of China, and took advantage of the university platform to accelerate scientific and technological research and development and the transformation of achievements." Han Dongcheng said.

  In the process of integrating into the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta, the Hefei area piloted to explore the integrated reform of the customs inspection of special goods in the Yangtze River Delta, and implemented the method of "port appearance inspection, territorial unpacking inspection" for the import of precision instruments and chemical raw materials by enterprises, helping 10 One company completed the import of 50 tickets and more than 400 kinds of special equipment and raw materials, saving an average of 3 to 5 days of customs clearance time per ticket.

  Liu Menglong, deputy director of the Hefei Area Management Committee of Anhui Pilot Free Trade Zone, introduced that by the end of October 2021, there were 35,343 enterprises in the Hefei area, including 9,366 newly established enterprises in 2021, 601 newly signed projects, and an agreement to attract 232 billion yuan. Yuan.

  Shenzhen Qianhai Shekou Area of ​​Guangdong Pilot Free Trade Zone

  In-depth cooperation with Hong Kong and Macao

  Our reporter Hou Linliang Zhao Zhanhui Chang Biluo

  "Cheduo trade is booming! In 40 minutes, the goods here will appear in the Hong Kong warehouse and be sold all over the world." Liu Yuli, deputy general manager of Shenzhen Yuehai Global Supply Chain Co., Ltd., smiled heartily.

Optimistic about the business opportunities brought by the cross-border trade facilitation reform in the Shenzhen Qianhai Shekou Area of ​​the Guangdong Pilot Free Trade Zone. Two years ago, Yuehai Company moved its headquarters to Qianhai.

  "Relying on Hong Kong and Macao, serving the mainland, and facing the world, the Pilot Free Trade Zone will be built into a demonstration area for in-depth cooperation between Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, an important hub of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, and a pioneer in the new round of national reform and opening up." strategic positioning of the district.

  Focusing on the docking of systems and rules, and promoting in-depth cooperation with Hong Kong and Macao in various fields such as economy and people's livelihood, the Guangdong Pilot Free Trade Zone has increasingly become the first choice for Hong Kong and Macao enterprises to invest, professional practice, and youth entrepreneurship.

In the Qianhai Shekou area, the reporter talked to three young people from Hong Kong.

Invariably, they mentioned the most is "opportunity".

  Opportunities come from reform.

Xu Xin, born in the 1980s, worked in the Hong Kong headquarters of an architectural design firm after graduation.

In October 2020, Shenzhen launched a policy to allow professional institutions and professionals in the field of engineering and construction in Hong Kong to practice in Qianhai.

In January 2021, Xu Xin decisively applied to come to the Shenzhen company, "hoping to catch up with the construction boom in Qianhai".

  Opportunities come from openness.

In December 2020, 33-year-old Yu Guangtao came to Qianhai from Hong Kong to work on the use of insect biotechnology to treat organic waste.

For him, in addition to high-efficiency measures such as "one-day business establishment" in Qianhai, there are also warm-hearted experiences such as living in a talent room and applying for talent subsidies...

  Opportunities come from industry.

Three years ago, Gao Yuehua moved to Qianhai from Hong Kong to join the elderly care medical industry.

He said: "I have done nursing work in Hong Kong in the past, but now I am targeting the new blue ocean of 'age care + design'."

  Since its establishment more than 6 years ago, the Qianhai Shekou area has boldly tried, boldly innovated, and made independent changes, and the scenery is different and new——

  There are breakthroughs in reform.

Benchmarking international high-standard trade and investment rules, Qianhai Shekou Area has carried out a series of institutional innovations in the transformation of government functions, foreign investment management, and trade facilitation. A total of 685 institutional innovations have been launched, of which 65 have been replicated and promoted nationwide.

  Open and distinctive.

The Qianhai Shekou area has become one of the areas with the highest correlation and closest cooperation between inland and Hong Kong, and has played a prominent role in supporting Hong Kong's integration into the overall development of the country.

As of October 2021, a total of 11,800 Hong Kong-funded enterprises have been registered in Qianhai, and the actual use of Hong Kong capital accounts for 92.4% of the actual use of foreign capital.

  Today, Qianhai has ushered in new opportunities for development.

On September 6, 2021, the "Plan for Comprehensively Deepening the Reform and Opening Up of Qianhai Shenzhen-Hong Kong Modern Service Industry Cooperation Zone" issued by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council was released, drawing a new prospect for Qianhai.

  With institutional innovation as the core, we will build an experimental platform for comprehensively deepening reform and innovation, and build a high-level portal hub for opening to the outside world.

Standing at a new starting point, Qianhai is confident.

  On the east bank of the Pearl River Estuary, Qianhai Stone stands quietly and will witness more "Stories of Spring".

Keywords: