Transportation emissions account for about 10% of my country's total carbon emissions.

The "Carbon Peaking Action Plan before 2030" issued by the State Council proposes to accelerate the formation of green and low-carbon transportation methods.

In recent years, the transportation industry has continued to promote the construction of green transportation infrastructure, continuously optimized and adjusted the transportation structure, and achieved positive results in energy conservation and emission reduction.

  Transportation emissions account for about 10% of my country's total carbon emissions.

The "Carbon Peaking Action Plan before 2030" issued by the State Council proposes to accelerate the formation of green and low-carbon transportation methods.

  Improving the basic conditions of green transportation, optimizing the transportation structure, promoting the application of new energy and clean energy transportation equipment, and advocating green travel... In recent years, the transportation industry has achieved positive results in energy conservation and emission reduction, making a strong contribution to reducing the intensity of carbon emissions.

  The basic conditions of green transportation are getting better and better

  The Guilin-Yangshuo section of the G65 Baomao Expressway is like a long dragon, strung together with the beautiful scenery of the southern country along the way.

"At the beginning of 2020, the road major repair project in Guiyang section was completed. Not only did the old pavement have a new look, but the construction process was also very green." Wang Wei, deputy manager of the Engineering Technology Department of China Merchants Highway Guilin Company, calculated an account for the reporter: resurfacing with the traditional Compared with the plan, the road overhaul saves 110,000 tons of asphalt mixture, saves energy consumption of 6,300 tons of standard coal, and reduces carbon dioxide emissions by 13,000 tons.

  The relevant person in charge of the Highway Bureau of the Ministry of Transport introduced that in the past few years, various regions have actively carried out research on key technologies for recycling waste asphalt pavement and diversified and efficient utilization technologies.

At the end of the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan", the recycling rate of waste pavement materials on national and provincial trunk highways has reached 98%, and the recycling rate has reached over 80%.

Under the vigorous guidance of the Ministry of Transport, in the construction of highway projects in many places, comprehensive consideration has been given to the selection of line locations, plans for borrowing and spoiling soil, drainage protection, selection of bridge and tunnel structures, interconnection layout, and setting of service facilities. utilize resource.

  Not only highway construction, my country has made a lot of positive progress in the construction of green transportation infrastructure in recent years——

  Promote new energy and clean energy transportation equipment.

In recent years, urban public transport, taxis and freight distribution have become important areas for the application of new energy vehicles in my country, with more than 1.2 million vehicles being used. New energy vehicles account for more than 66% of urban buses. The application of liquefied natural gas (LNG) in the water transportation industry is also In the active promotion, the number of LNG filling stations for inland ships has reached 20.

  Promote the construction of green waterways.

New materials, new technologies, new structures and new processes such as ecological revetment, ecological beach protection, artificial fish reefs, etc. are widely used in the renovation projects of inland waterways of the Yangtze River, etc., and the construction projects of the Jingjiang ecological waterway and the 12.5-meter deep-water waterway below Nanjing of the Yangtze River have been formed. A group of green waterway projects represented.

  Promote the use of shore power for ships in port.

By the end of 2020, there are about 7,500 berths with shore power supply capacity in ports and water service areas across the country, of which more than 4,700 shore power berths have been built in the Yangtze River Economic Belt.

The Yangtze River cruise ship, the large passenger terminal and the Beijing-Hangzhou Canal water service area have basically achieved full coverage and full use of shore power.

  Promote the application of electronic non-stop toll collection (ETC).

By the end of 2020, a total of 32,465 ETC lanes have been built nationwide, and 225 million ETC users have been developed.

According to preliminary calculations, in 2020, the cumulative saving of vehicle fuel will be about 187,100 tons, and the hydrocarbon emissions will be reduced by about 1,482.16 tons.

  The transportation structure is continuously optimized and adjusted

  "In the past, there were often long queues of large trucks at the port terminal. In recent years, we have continued to promote the 'revolution of railways' and 'distribution to collection' of bulk commodities, which not only makes the port collection and distribution more orderly, but also greatly reduces vehicle exhaust emissions. ” said Zhang Wenjun, deputy general manager of the business department of Tianjin Port Co., Ltd.

  In recent years, my country's ports have achieved remarkable results in "transiting iron" and "transiting water".

By the end of 2020, the coal collection ports of 17 major coastal ports such as the Bohai Rim and the Yangtze River Delta have all been replaced by railway and water transportation; the proportion of ore dredging in major coastal ports using railways, water transportation and belt conveyors has reached 61.3%, compared with 2017. an annual increase of nearly 20 percent.

  The port "revolution to iron" and "revolution to water" is a microcosm of my country's transportation structure adjustment in recent years.

In 2018, my country launched the "Three-Year Action Plan for Promoting Transportation Structural Adjustment (2018-2020)", and in-depth implementation of six major actions, including railway transportation capacity enhancement and water transportation system upgrade, to promote the "revolutionary to iron" and "revolutionary to water" transportation of bulk cargo. "The main direction of attack is to continuously improve the comprehensive transportation network, reduce the amount of road transportation and increase the amount of railway transportation.

  The proportion of railway freight volume has continued to increase.

In 2020, the national railway freight volume will be 4.552 billion tons, accounting for 9.7% of the total social freight volume from 7.7% in 2017, and the volume of bulk cargo transportation undertaken by railways has increased significantly.

  The volume of waterway freight is growing rapidly.

Water transportation has the comparative advantages of large transportation capacity, low unit transportation cost, low energy consumption and less pollution.

In recent years, my country has accelerated the improvement of the inland waterway network, and the volume of bulk cargo transported by waterways has continued to increase.

In 2020, the freight volume by waterway reached 7.616 billion tons, exceeding the goals set forth in the "Three-Year Action Plan".

  Multimodal transport is developing steadily.

In 2020, the national ports completed the container rail-water combined transport volume of 6.872 million TEUs, a year-on-year increase of 29.6%.

  Freight is cleaner and passenger traffic is greener.

At present, the national bus operating lines are 1.48 million kilometers long, and the dedicated bus lanes exceed 16,000 kilometers. The service guarantee capability has been significantly improved.

The passenger volume of rail transit in six cities including Beijing and Shanghai accounts for more than 50% of the public transportation.

  Promote low-carbon transportation equipment and guide green travel

  "The Ministry of Transport will take carbon reduction as the starting point, formulate relevant documents on the green and low-carbon transformation of transportation as soon as possible, and form a green and low-carbon transportation mode." The relevant person in charge of the Comprehensive Planning Department of the Ministry of Transport said that the next step will mainly focus on the following aspects. :

  ——Promote low-carbon and high-efficiency transportation equipment.

Speed ​​up the electrification process of urban public transport, rental, logistics distribution, and postal express delivery vehicles, and the proportion of new energy vehicles in public areas such as public areas in national ecological civilization pilot zones and key air pollution prevention and control areas shall not be less than or equal to 80%.

Accelerate the application of new and clean energy for coastal and inland ships.

Promoting the use of electric, hybrid and clean energy for new ships.

  - Build green transportation infrastructure.

Promote the construction of green roads, green waterways, and green ports featuring low-carbon emissions, vigorously promote the application of energy-saving building maintenance equipment, materials, and construction techniques, and actively expand green lighting technologies, energy efficiency improvement technologies for energy-using equipment, and new energy, Renewable energy applications.

Promote the application of green and low-carbon highway maintenance technologies and materials.

  - Optimizing the transportation structure.

Accelerate the construction of specialized and large-scale inland river ports and waterways, and accelerate the formation of a river-ocean transport logistics system with direct river-ocean transport and organic connection between river-ocean combined transport.

Accelerate the progress of the construction of the railway project in the collection and distribution ports in an all-round way, and accelerate the use of green transportation methods such as railways, waterways, closed belt corridors, new energy and clean energy vehicles for bulk cargo in coastal and inland river ports.

Actively promote the "one order system" of multimodal transport, and accelerate the cultivation of a group of leading multimodal transport enterprises with global influence.

  ——Guide green and low-carbon travel.

Carry out green travel creation actions, thoroughly implement the public transport priority development strategy, and build an urban public transport system with urban rail transit as the backbone and conventional public transport as the main body.

Build urban bus service systems such as BRT and micro-circulation according to local conditions, develop shared transportation in an orderly manner, strengthen the construction of urban slow-moving transportation systems such as walking and bicycles, and encourage the public to travel green.

  - Strengthening capacity building and international cooperation.

Improve the green transportation standard system, and continue to publish the promotion catalogue of key energy-saving and low-carbon technologies in the transportation industry.

Deeply participate in global greenhouse gas emission reduction in the field of transportation, and strengthen international exchanges and cooperation in green transportation.

  Graphics for this edition: Wang Zheping