To support the innovation of SMEs, what measures will be taken during the "14th Five-Year Plan"?

  Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, December 17th, title: To support the innovation of small and medium-sized enterprises, what measures will be taken during the 14th Five-Year Plan?

  Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Xinxin

  The "Fourteenth Five-Year Plan for Promoting the Development of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises" was announced on the 17th, taking "improving the innovation capability and professionalization level of small and medium-sized enterprises" as the general goal, and clearly promoting the formation of one million innovative small and medium-sized enterprises and one hundred thousand "specialized enterprises". Jingtexin" small and medium-sized enterprises, ten thousand specialized and special new "little giant" enterprises.

  What specific arrangements will be made to support SME innovation?

How to solve the problems faced by enterprise innovation?

The reporter conducted an interview on this.

Establish a gradient cultivation system to guide enterprises to take the development path of "specialization, specialization and newness"

  Small and medium-sized enterprises have formed an interlocking industrial ecology around the industrial chain, which has become an important force in maintaining and improving the stability and competitiveness of the industrial chain supply chain.

Focusing on key links and key directions to be specialized and in-depth has also become the main path for the growth of SMEs.

  "The plan further highlights the core position of'innovation' in the development of enterprises, and regards'improving the ability of innovation and professionalization' as an important foundation and guarantee for achieving high-quality development of small and medium-sized enterprises." said Ye Dingda, a first-level inspector of the Bureau of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.

  The plan proposes that during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, focus on subdivided areas to make up for shortcomings and forge longboards, support small and medium-sized enterprises to actively participate in industrial infrastructure reengineering projects, strong manufacturing chains and chain supplement actions, major national science and technology projects and key products, and support new The development of new business models will guide the agglomeration and professional development of small and medium-sized enterprises.

  The plan is clear to establish a gradient cultivation system for small and medium-sized enterprises.

In the view of Liang Zhifeng, director of the Bureau of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the purpose is to better meet the differentiated demands of enterprises at different stages of development through policy guidance and support, and to guide the majority of small and medium-sized enterprises to take the development path of "specialization, specialization, and newness".

  "We will establish hierarchical evaluation indicators to accurately "portrait" high-quality small and medium-sized enterprises; improve classification and cultivation methods, and systematically build a full life cycle gradient cultivation system from incubation and cultivation, growth support to promotion and growth; build various types of cultivation carriers to strengthen The support for innovation and entrepreneurship of different enterprise groups." Liang Zhifeng said.

  "These measures are very practical, and we will grasp more concretely." Liang Zhifeng said that a gradient cultivation system for high-quality small and medium-sized enterprises will be gradually established to demonstrate and lead more small and medium-sized enterprises to develop into "specialized, special and innovative". "Horse Galloping" prosperous scene.

Give full play to the role of large enterprises and platforms, and improve the innovation ecosystem

  For SMEs in the industrial chain, innovation and development are inseparable from the cooperation and coordination between upstream and downstream.

To build a good innovation ecosystem, it is crucial to give full play to the role of large enterprises and platforms.

  The plan is clear to guide large enterprises to open up scene applications, share production factors, build common technology platforms, and encourage integration and innovation of the upper, middle and lower reaches of the industrial chain, and large and small enterprises.

  In current practice, the trend of large enterprises to open up resources, play the role of "chain master", and coordinate development is becoming more and more obvious.

Lianbao Technology has driven more than 70 upstream and downstream suppliers to settle in Anhui. Through the establishment of a 4-hour industrial circle, it has continued to promote close cooperation in the industrial chain, and the local supporting rate of mechanical components has reached 60%; Haier’s "Triwing Bird" platform has gathered more than 20,000 Eco-components connect more than 20,000 designers and more than 1,000 home improvement companies; State Grid Zhejiang Haining Power Supply Company promotes the establishment of a "new energy brain" in the industrial park of Jianshan New District, Haining, to provide personalized energy services for small and medium-sized enterprises To help low-carbon development...

  "During the '14th Five-Year Plan' period, we must further encourage large enterprises and supporting small and medium-sized enterprises to establish a benefit-sharing and risk-sharing mechanism." Ye Dingda said that he will continue to make efforts in the integration and innovation of large and medium-sized enterprises, and take the green development of small and medium-sized enterprises as an example. A key project is needed to give full play to the role of large enterprises and lay a solid foundation for the sustainable development of small and medium-sized enterprises.

  To promote the integration and development of large and medium-sized enterprises, it is necessary to rely on digitization, and platforms are an important starting point.

  Sun Wenkai, deputy dean of the National Institute of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises of Renmin University of China, said that the industrial Internet platform, innovation center, etc. put into use, which is conducive to the docking of various resources.

But at the same time, to enhance and effectively bring into play the platform's utility, small and medium-sized enterprises must be able to participate in low-cost participation, and participation must be profitable.

It is necessary to strengthen the circulation of information and realize the organic connection of scientific research strength, industrial demand, and manufacturing capacity.

"We should also pay attention to the construction of incentives and encourage large enterprises and institutions to open up related resources such as laboratories."

Broaden direct financing channels and encourage SMEs to innovate

  The plan focuses on improving the availability of financing and in-depth implementation of the "SME Financing Promotion Project".

According to Wang Hailin, deputy director of the SME Bureau of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, this is an important measure to serve the innovation of SMEs.

  The plan clearly improves the quality of indirect financing supply, promotes direct financing of small and medium-sized enterprises, innovates financial service models, and strengthens the construction of supporting financing systems.

  "Among them, the capital market is an important way for innovative SMEs to obtain financing services, standardize governance structures, and achieve leapfrog development." He believes that "specialized, special and new" SMEs have been deeply engaged in subdivision fields for a long time, and many companies are in the supply chain of the industrial chain. The key link plays an important role in strengthening the chain and supplementing the chain, and is also a high-quality target of the capital market.

  He said that the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology is organizing the evaluation and cultivation of high-quality small and medium-sized enterprises, establishing a gradient cultivation system from innovative small and medium-sized enterprises, "specialized and new" small and medium-sized enterprises to specialized and new "little giant" enterprises.

Carry out classified guidance, precise cultivation, and connection of investment and financing for small and medium-sized "specialized, special-new" small and medium-sized enterprises to be listed to improve their ability to raise funds in the capital market.

  It is reported that the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will work with relevant departments to further promote the expansion of direct financing channels for SMEs, support "specialized, special and new" SMEs to carry out bond financing, and encourage the development of more bond varieties suitable for SMEs.

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