China News Service, Beijing, December 6 (Reporter Wang Enbo) The National Bureau of Statistics of China announced on the 6th that China's total grain output in 2021 will be 1365.7 billion catties, an increase of 26.7 billion catties over the previous year, an increase of 2.0%, and the annual grain output will hit a new high. , Remained above 1.3 trillion catties for 7 consecutive years.
Among them, the output of autumn grain was 1017.8 billion jin, an increase of 19.1 billion jin or 1.9% over the previous year.
The data picture shows the scene of rice harvesting in a farmland in the suburbs of Nanjing, Jiangsu on November 3.
Photo by China News Agency reporter Yang Bo
Wang Minghua, deputy director of the Rural Department of the National Bureau of Statistics, stated that in 2021, all localities will consolidate their responsibilities for grain production, implement the most stringent farmland protection system, resolutely curb the “non-agriculturalization” of farmland and prevent “non-grainization”, and further increase Support for grain production, support the reclamation of abandoned land, develop winter fallow fields, and increase farmers' enthusiasm for growing grain.
China’s grain sown area was 1.764 billion mu, an increase of 12.95 million mu or 0.7% over the previous year, achieving growth for two consecutive years.
Specifically, in 2021, China's grain sown area will be 1.503 billion mu, an increase of 33.2 million mu or 2.3% over the previous year.
According to Wang Minghua, since last year, corn prices have risen sharply, planting efficiency has improved, and farmers' willingness to plant corn has increased. The sown area of corn in China has reached 650 million mu, an increase of 30.9 million mu or 5.0% over the previous year.
Affected by favorable factors such as suitable soil moisture during the sowing period and increasing planting benefits, the wheat planting area was 354 million mu, an increase of 2.83 million mu or 0.8% over the previous year, reversing the trend of 4 consecutive years of decline in the area.
In 2021, the sown area of beans in China will be 152 million mu, a decrease of 22.09 million mu or 12.7% from the previous year.
Among them, the sown area of soybeans was 126 million mu, a decrease of 22 million mu or 14.8% from the previous year, mainly due to the lower income of soybeans compared with corn and the weakening of farmers' willingness to plant.
The data released on the same day also showed that in 2021, China's grain crop yield was 387 kg/mu, and the yield per mu was 4.8 kg or 1.2% higher than the previous year.
Wang Minghua said that although the extreme heavy rainfall in Henan and other places caused floods, the northwestern Shaanxi, Gansu and Ningxia regions were staged by drought. During the autumn harvest period, there were continuous rainy weather in North China and the Huanghuaihai region, which had a certain impact on the autumn grain in some areas. However, most of the main agricultural areas in China The light, temperature and water are well matched during the time period, and the meteorological conditions are generally conducive to the growth and development of food crops and the formation of yields.
At the same time, the sown area of corn, a high-yield crop, has been expanded to increase its share of grain crops, which has promoted an increase in grain yield.