A good autumn harvest is a foregone conclusion

  As the autumn grain harvest comes to an end, good news has been spread across the country recently: this year's autumn grain area and output in Guizhou are expected to increase by about 2% and 5% year-on-year respectively; Xinjiang grain output is expected to increase by 10.8%, achieving the "three increases" in area, unit yield, and total output. The total output of autumn grain in Anhui is expected to reach 45.65 billion jin, and the total annual grain output is expected to reach 81.65 billion jin, exceeding the target...According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the national summer grain output this year is 291.6 billion jin, an increase of 5.93 billion jin; the output of early rice is 56 billion jin. Jin, an increase of 1.45 billion jin.

From the perspective of autumn grain production, many major grain-producing areas have achieved an increase in output, especially in the northeast region. A bumper harvest of autumn grain is a foregone conclusion.

Throughout the year, grain output will hit a record high, staying above 1.3 trillion catties for seven consecutive years. Grain production is expected to usher in the historic "eighteen years of harvest" and the "Chinese rice bowl" will be stable.

"Double Increase" in Autumn Grain Production

  "This year we have full rice grains, and the yield of more than 100 mu of land increased by 4 to 5 kilograms compared with last year. It is a bumper year." Speaking of this year's harvest, Cheng Xiaoli, a villager in Zhulian Town, Tangyuan County, Jiamusi City, Heilongjiang Province, was very happy.

  As the largest province in China's grain production, Heilongjiang has more than 216 million acres of grain planted this year. At present, the province's rice, soybeans, and corn harvests have basically been completed.

Wang Zhaoxian, director of the Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of Heilongjiang Province, said that after the start of the autumn harvest, the agricultural and rural departments at all levels in Heilongjiang strengthened work scheduling and guidance, and set up 12 working groups to guide the various regions to focus on the autumn harvest.

This year's grain output is expected to reach a new high, achieving "18 consecutive harvests."

  "Judging from the actual harvest of autumn grains, the Northeast region has increased production this year." Pan Wenbo, director of the Planting Management Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, introduced that although Henan, Shanxi, and Shaanxi have reduced autumn grain production due to severe floods and droughts, other major players Most production areas have increased production.

The country has increased and decreased, and the increase is more than the decrease. If the general ledger is calculated, the increase in autumn grain production across the country is a foregone conclusion.

This year's grain output will hit a record high, stabilizing at more than 1.3 trillion catties for seven consecutive years.

  Speaking of a bumper harvest of autumn grains, Pan Wenbo said that the sown area of ​​autumn grains has increased steadily this year, laying the foundation for a bumper harvest; the area of ​​high-yield corn has increased by more than 20 million mu, coupled with a better match between light, temperature and water, and higher yields are the key to a bumper harvest; Henan, Shaanxi, Shanxi and other places have suffered severe local disasters, but the national agricultural disasters were less severe than normal.

According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, an average of 360 million mu of crops have been affected each year in the past 10 years. This year, the affected area is about 100 million mu. The agricultural disaster is the lightest year in the past 10 years.

  "Holding grain in the ground and storing grain in technology" will provide more confidence in stabilizing and increasing production.

"Now, we use large-scale combine harvesters to harvest rice here, and the farm mechanics are also professionally trained. No, this year's level of mechanical harvesting operations has been significantly improved. Rice is not rolled at corners and the rice stubble is very low. , Reducing food loss.” In Pingming Town, Donghai County, Lianyungang City, Jiangsu Province, Wang Jun’s output of more than 10 mu of land reached 15,000 jin.

  “Since this year, we have steadily promoted the revitalization of the seed industry and the construction of high-standard farmland, promoted the mechanization of food crops throughout the process, and strengthened the reduction of mechanical harvest.” Zeng Yande, Chief Agronomist and Director of the Development Planning Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said, promoting innovation in breeding and launching the seed industry. Revitalize the action, promote the general survey of agricultural germplasm resources and a new round of genetic improvement programs for livestock and poultry.

A new round of high-standard farmland construction planning was implemented. From January to September, about 96.17 million mu of high-standard farmland has been completed and under construction.

Strengthen the construction of cultivated land quality, implement the "14th Five-Year Plan" national black land protection project, and complete 72 million mu of black land conservation farming in Northeast China.

It is estimated that the comprehensive mechanization rate of the cultivation and harvest of the main crops for the whole year will exceed 71%, and the loss rate of mechanical harvest will be reduced by about 1% compared with normal years.

Optimize acquisition services

  How to turn a "good harvest" into a "good income" for a bumper grain harvest?

Zeng Yande said that the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs will instruct all localities to do drying and drying, provide grain sales services, and implement the purchase price policies for mid-to-late rice, so as to ensure that grains are returned to warehouses and increase production and income.

  "The food is selling fast now, and the price is guaranteed. This time more than 60,000 catties of rice will be sold out in just over an hour." A few days ago, Li Xiang, a major grain grower in Hangbu Town, Shucheng County, Lu'an City, Anhui Province, will harvest this year. The rice was transported to the warehouse of Anhui Modern Grain Logistics Center.

  "With the centralized listing of autumn grains, the task of purchasing Curi has increased. During the peak period, more than 1,000 tons of rice can be purchased every day." said Bian Chongqing, deputy director of the warehouse of Anhui Modern Grain Logistics Center. , Close the door late, extend the purchase time, do not leave overnight grain, realize that farmers can harvest as soon as they arrive, and strive to complete all the purchases in early December. The total purchase of rice is expected to reach 29,000 tons."

  It is reported that in order to do a good job in the purchase of autumn grains, a total of 154 warehouses have been set up in Anhui this year.

Wan Shiqi, director of the Anhui Provincial Grain and Material Reserve Bureau, said that the total storage capacity of these depots exceeds 2.5 million tons, and more than 25 billion yuan of acquisition funds have been prepared to ensure that the warehouse waits for grains, money and other grains, and purchases autumn grains. Realize it.

  "The purchase of autumn grain has entered the peak season, and the purchase volume has increased year-on-year." said Qin Yuyun, Director of the Grain Reserve Department of the State Administration of Grain and Material Reserves. Per catty, higher than the minimum purchase price of 1.28 yuan per catty.

With the concentration of mid-to-late indica rice on the market, the purchase price has fallen, and some areas have fallen below the minimum purchase price level.

In order to effectively protect the interests of grain farmers, the State Bureau of Grain and Material Reserves has recently approved Anhui Province from October 23, Jiangxi Province from October 28, Henan Province, Hubei, Hunan Province from November 3, and Heilongjiang Province. Starting from November 5th, the implementation plan for the minimum purchase price of mid-to-late rice will be launched in eligible regions.

Among them, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei and Hunan have arranged the first batch of 931 storage and storage points with a storage capacity of 8.34 million tons.

As of the beginning of November, various grain companies in the main producing areas had purchased about 30 billion jin of mid-late indica rice, of which 140 million jin was purchased at the lowest purchase price.

  The supply of funds must keep up with the purchase of autumn grain.

Wang Yongjun, deputy governor of the Heilongjiang branch of the Agricultural Development Bank of China, said that this year, 80 billion yuan of loans for the purchase of autumn grain will be allocated, which is a significant increase from last year.

"We will fully support the purchase of policy-based grains to ensure timely and sufficient funds for the central reserve of grain and oil to increase reserves and rotation; after the launch of the minimum purchase price policy for rice, we will further accelerate the pace of loan placement to ensure timely and adequate supply of funds."

  "We will supervise and guide all regions to further optimize the purchase service according to local conditions, especially in response to the high moisture content of harvested grains in some areas, earnestly carry out grain drying and storage, give full play to the role of grain purchase and storage enterprises and various social resources, and provide farmers with cleanup, Drying, storage, processing, sales and other services, and at the same time strengthen the technical guidance of farmers' courtyards for scientific grain storage, and promote farmers to reduce losses and increase income." Qin Yuyun said.

Consolidate the foundation for a bumper summer grain harvest next year

  A bumper harvest this year is in sight, what will happen next year?

Liu Lihua, deputy director of the Planting Management Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said that autumn and winter planting is the first battle of grain production in the coming year.

"We often say that we have a good summer grain harvest and take the initiative throughout the year. If we plant wheat in autumn and winter, we will have a foundation for a good summer grain harvest."

  "As the ground did not freeze and the stagnant water just dissipated, the town specially arranged machinery and technicians to help us sow the wheat seeds into the fields as soon as possible." In Pengjiagou Village, Xichahe Town, Foping County, Hanzhong City, Shaanxi Province, Li Ziming looked at his own wheat field, "The seeds have fallen to the ground, and the stones in my heart have fallen."

  Since the beginning of autumn this year, Shaanxi Province has encountered strong autumn drenching weather. Many farmlands have seen large areas of water, and the soil in many parts of the province has been too wet.

Sun Kuangling, director of the Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of Shaanxi Province, stated that relevant departments have adopted extraordinary measures, adapted measures to local conditions, scientifically guided, and implemented financial and material guarantees to achieve full coverage and expansion, in order to ensure that the annual grain production area only increased. Unabated efforts were made.

Data show that as of November 15, autumn planting in Shaanxi Province has basically ended, and the wheat planting area is 14.4 million mu, an increase of 70,000 mu from the previous year, and the wheat planting task has been fully completed.

  Liu Lihua said that the continuous rainfall from September to early October this year caused the soil in some parts of the northern winter wheat area to be too wet, making it difficult to stubble and prepare the ground, and wheat planting was blocked.

However, after mid-October, the weather in most of the winter wheat areas turned fine, and many unconventional measures were taken to harvest autumn crops and winter wheat. The planting progress was significantly accelerated.

Among them, the five provinces of Hebei, Shandong, Henan, Shaanxi, and Shanxi, which are more affected by the autumn rain, progressed better than expected.

  Apart from the influence of the weather, the supply and price of agricultural materials are issues of concern to many farmers.

Tang Ke, director of the Department of Market and Information Technology of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said that in the next step, we will continue to work with relevant departments and units to strengthen the tracking and analysis of the fertilizer market situation, actively promote the guarantee of fertilizer supply, and increase the utilization rate of enterprise production capacity and strengthen the role of reserve adjustment. Unblock the transportation and distribution of fertilizers and maintain the order of market circulation.

At the same time, vigorously promote the reduction of fertilizer application and increase efficiency, and effectively do a good job in the supply of fertilizer and price stabilization.

  "Generally speaking, although the proportion of late sowing wheat is relatively large this year, there is hope for a bumper harvest." Liu Lihua said, in view of the complex situation of wheat seedlings this year, we will classify and classify winter wheat seedlings and organize agro-technical personnel to conduct in-depth investigations. On the front line, guide the implementation of field management measures before winter to prevent low-temperature freezing and pests, diseases, and weeds to ensure the safe overwintering of wheat.

At the same time, early plans for wheat field management in early spring next year, early application of wheat tillering fertilizer, promote weak wheat seedlings to grow stronger, and lay the foundation for a bumper summer grain harvest next year.

  Qiu Haifeng

Keywords: