(Economic Observation) Post-COP26: Actively respond to the climate crisis and take strong global actions

  China News Service, Beijing, November 25

  China News Agency reporter Ruan Yulin

  After negotiation by all parties, the Glasgow UN Climate Change Conference reached consensus on core issues such as the detailed implementation rules of the Paris Agreement, which opened a new journey for the international community to comprehensively respond to climate change.

On the 25th, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment of China called on all parties to implement the Paris Agreement in a comprehensive, balanced and effective manner, and take strong global actions based on the principles of fairness, common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, and taking into account the national conditions of each country. Responding to the climate crisis.

  At a press conference on the 25th, Lu Xinming, deputy director of the Department of Climate Change Response of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People’s Republic of China, discussed the content of the negotiations, the results reached, and the differences and disagreements of the 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Consensus etc. gave a more detailed introduction.

The most iconic achievement: Completion of the negotiation on the implementation rules of the Paris Agreement

  According to Lu Xinming, during this conference, the contracting parties conducted consultations and negotiations on nearly a hundred topics, and conducted dialogue and communication on issues such as goals and strengths, actions and support.

Among them, the parties had big differences on how to balance mitigation, adaptation, and funding ambitions. The meeting closed after nearly 30 hours of extra time.

The General Assembly passed more than 50 resolutions on the implementation and governance of the "United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change" and its "Kyoto Protocol" and "Paris Agreement", among which Resolution 1 "Glasgow Climate Agreement" reiterated adherence to multilateralism and emphasized the climate crisis The urgency to make specific arrangements for adaptation, mitigation, funding, technology transfer, capacity building, loss and damage, implementation, and cooperation.

  "The conference has completed the negotiation of the implementation details of the Paris Agreement. This is the most important and most iconic result of this conference." Lu Xinming said that the successful conclusion of COP26 opened a new journey for the global response to climate change.

Sino-US Joint Declaration: Play a key role

  Lu Xinming said that before COP26, China formally submitted to the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change the "China's Implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions and New Goals and New Measures" and "China's Long-term Development Strategy for Low Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Middle of this Century."

This is a concrete measure taken by China to implement the "Paris Agreement", which embodies China's determination and efforts to promote green and low-carbon development and actively respond to global climate change, and has been affirmed by the international community.

  "China has played a positive and constructive role in the results of this conference." Lu Xinming said that during this conference, China actively participated in negotiations and consultations on various topics, and strengthened dialogue and exchanges with all parties, especially at the critical moment of the conference. The region and the United States jointly issued the "Sino-U.S. Glasgow Joint Declaration on Strengthening Climate Action in the 2020s", promising to continue to work together with all parties to strengthen the implementation of the Paris Agreement.

  Lu Xinming said that the Sino-US Joint Declaration demonstrates the pragmatic cooperation and ambition of China and the United States, boosted all parties' confidence in the success of COP26, and played a key role in the success of this conference.

The biggest obstacle: insufficient support from developed countries

  Lu Xinming said that China believes that in the process of implementing the Paris Agreement, the international community should clearly recognize that the intensity includes both the intensity of action and the intensity of support, and the intensity of action also includes the intensity of mitigation and adaptation.

The level of support provided by developed countries for mitigation and adaptation should match the level of action of developing countries. At present, the biggest obstacle to more effective actions by developing countries is the lack of support from developed countries.

  "All parties should fully and accurately understand the Paris Agreement, especially its objectives and principles, and earnestly realize that in tackling climate change, especially in terms of reducing emissions, developing countries and developed countries are completely at different starting points and cannot require developing countries. Countries and developed countries achieve carbon neutrality at the same time," Lu Xinming said, asking all parties to increase their actions without distinction is neither fair nor feasible.

  Lu Xinming stated that in the next step, all parties must implement the Paris Agreement in a comprehensive and balanced manner, and take strong global actions based on the principles of fairness, common but differentiated responsibilities and their respective capabilities, taking into account the national conditions of each country, and actively respond to the climate. crisis.

China will, as always, uphold multilateralism, promote the multilateral process, and vigorously support the green and low-carbon development of energy in developing countries through South-South cooperation and jointly build a green “Belt and Road”. Develop and implement the goal of carbon peak and carbon neutrality.

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