National Development and Reform Commission: rectify virtual currency "mining" activities

  It is of great significance to promote the optimization of my country's industrial structure, promote energy conservation and emission reduction, and achieve the goal of carbon peak and carbon neutrality on schedule.

  The National Development and Reform Commission will focus on the comprehensive rectification of industrial centralized "mining", state-owned units involving "mining" and Bitcoin "mining".

Meng Wei, spokesman for the National Development and Reform Commission, said at a press conference yesterday.

In the early stage, the National Development and Reform Commission publicly solicited opinions on the "Market Access Negative List (2021 Edition)" and included virtual currency "mining" activities in the eliminated category.

Recently, another video conference on the governance of virtual currency "mining" was organized.

  Virtual currency is not legal and compulsory

  Yesterday, the National Development and Reform Commission held a regular press conference in November.

In response to the recent successive measures introduced around "mining", Meng Wei said that it is first necessary to make it clear that virtual currency is a specific virtual commodity, which is not issued by the monetary authority, is not legally compensatory and compulsory, and is not a real currency. , Should not and cannot be used as currency in the market.

In September of this year, the People’s Bank of China, together with relevant departments, issued the “Notice on Further Preventing and Disposing of the Risks of Hype in Virtual Currency Transactions”, clarifying that virtual currencies do not have the legal status equivalent to legal tender, and their related business activities are illegal financial activities. Participate in virtual currencies. There are legal risks in investment transaction activities.

  Since virtual currency-related business activities are illegal financial activities, virtual currency "mining" behavior is extremely harmful.

Virtual currency "mining" consumes a lot of energy and carbon emissions, and does not have a positive driving effect on industrial development and technological progress. In addition, the risks derived from virtual currency production and transaction links are becoming more prominent. Its blind and disorderly development has a high impact on promoting the economy and society. Quality development and energy conservation and emission reduction have brought serious adverse effects.

Remediation of virtual currency "mining" activities is of great significance to promote the optimization of my country's industrial structure, promote energy conservation and emission reduction, and achieve the goal of carbon peak and carbon neutrality on schedule.

  Strictly investigate and punish the "mining" of virtual currency in the computer room of state-owned units

  The National Development and Reform Commission has jointly issued the "Notice on Renovating Virtual Currency "Mining" Activities" in conjunction with relevant departments, clearly adding virtual currency "mining" activities to the "Industrial Structure Adjustment Guidance Catalog (2019)" "elimination category" The catalog requires effective measures to be taken to comprehensively rectify virtual currency "mining" activities.

  On November 10, the National Development and Reform Commission organized a video conference on the governance of virtual currency "mining" to report the monitoring and rectification of virtual currency "mining", requiring all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities to earnestly assume territorial responsibilities, establish systems, monitor, and monitor The virtual currency "mining" activities were cleaned up and rectified, and the "mining" activities involved in the computer rooms of state-owned units were strictly investigated.

  In the next step, the National Development and Reform Commission will focus on industrial centralized "mining", state-owned units involving "mining" and Bitcoin "mining" as the focus to carry out comprehensive rectification.

For units that implement residential electricity prices, if they find that they are involved in virtual currency "mining" activities, they will study the imposing punitive electricity prices on them, forming a high-pressure situation that continues to rectify virtual currency "mining" activities.

Focus 1

  Sufficient total supply of grain reserves

  Meng Wei introduced that my country's summer grain output this year was 291.6 billion jin, an increase of 5.93 billion jin.

From the perspective of autumn grain production, although Henan, Shanxi, Shaanxi and other places have been affected by severe floods and droughts, and autumn grain production has been reduced, most of the other major grain producing areas have achieved increased production, especially in the Northeast. The autumn grain harvest has become a foregone conclusion.

National grain output will stabilize at more than 1.3 trillion catties for seven consecutive years, laying a solid foundation for domestic grain supply.

From the perspective of food reserve supply, the total amount is sufficient.

The size of government reserves has increased steadily.

  He said that in order to ensure a safe and stable supply of food, the National Development and Reform Commission will work with the Grain and Material Reserve Bureau and other relevant departments to further improve the grain production, purchase, storage, and sales system.

  Efforts will be made to improve the overall grain production capacity.

Strengthen the protection of arable land, especially permanent basic farmland, implement a new round of high-standard farmland construction plans, implement the national black soil protection project and modern seed industry upgrading project, and lay a solid foundation for food production.

Improve the food support and protection policy system.

Improve the grain production support policy and the benefit compensation mechanism for the main producing areas, and increase the incentives to make farmers earn money from growing grain, and let the main producing areas pay more attention to the grain without losing money.

Adhere to and improve the minimum purchase price policy for rice and wheat, continue to provide subsidies to farmers who grow grain, and expand the scope of trials for complete cost insurance and income insurance for food crops.

Improve the ability to regulate and control grain reserves.

Persist in implementing policies based on varieties and regions, flexibly arrange policy-based grain releases, and take targeted measures to strengthen regulation in a timely manner.

Guide the central and local reserve enterprises at all levels to grasp the rotation rhythm, and effectively play the role of reserve throughput adjustment.

Carry out international cooperation on important agricultural products.

Promote the diversification of import sources, improve the supply of imported goods, and promote the optimization of domestic market supply.

  Focus 2

  Safe and stable coal supply is guaranteed this winter and next spring

  Meng Wei said that since September, domestic coal prices have continued to rise, hitting record highs repeatedly.

In order to ensure the safe and stable supply of coal and ensure the people’s warmth through the winter, the National Development and Reform Commission and relevant parties have done a solid job of increasing production and supply, alleviating the contradiction between market supply and demand, and timely carrying out coal price control, coal enterprise production cost surveys and price supervision to promote the return of the coal market Reasonable, promote coal prices to return to a reasonable range.

With the gradual implementation of relevant measures, the results have become increasingly apparent.

  The first is the rapid increase in coal production.

According to the National Bureau of Statistics, the national coal output in October was 360 million tons, a year-on-year increase of 4%.

Judging from the dispatch situation, coal production has continued to increase steadily since November.

Secondly, coal stocks in power plants continued to increase, and the spot price of coal futures fell sharply.

With the continuous increase in national coal production and market supply, the level of coal supply, coal storage and port coal storage in power plants will be further improved. The safe and stable supply of coal this winter and next spring can be reliably guaranteed.

  In the next step, the National Development and Reform Commission will further give play to the role of the inter-ministerial coordination mechanism for coal, electricity, oil and gas transportation guarantees, and under the premise of ensuring safety, supervise and urge nuclear increased production coal mines to organize production according to the nuclear increased production capacity, and urge resumption of production to stabilize production and reach production.

Strengthen the supervision of the performance of medium and long-term coal contracts, and further improve the level of performance.

Strengthen transportation coordination to ensure that coal is delivered to where it is needed.

We will strengthen overall planning and coordination with relevant departments to promote the implementation of various tasks to ensure supply and price stabilization, and go all out to ensure the stable operation of the economy and society, ensure the safety of energy supply, and ensure that the people live warmly through the winter.

 Focus 3

  Strengthen the gas supply to the northern heating areas

  Meng Wei said that due to the large-scale cold wave weather in the country in the early period, some northern areas have been heated in advance. Since November 7, the daily supply of natural gas in the country has reached more than 1 billion cubic meters, an increase of about 100 million cubic meters over the same period last year.

  The heating season has already begun in the northern region.

Affected by the current tight global natural gas supply and demand situation and the soaring gas price, the overall national natural gas supply and demand are tightly balanced during this year's heating season, and the contradiction between supply and demand in some areas during peak hours may be more prominent.

The National Development and Reform Commission will do a solid job in ensuring supply.

Ensure that the contract is strictly enforced.

The key point is to urge both the supply and demand parties to strictly guarantee the supply and use of gas in accordance with the contract, and all the gas for people's livelihood is included in the contract to ensure full supply.

  The organization makes every effort to increase production and supply.

The focus is to promote enterprises to vigorously increase exploration and development efforts, promote safe and full-load production of domestic gas fields, and make every effort to increase domestic resource supply.

  Strengthen the protection of key areas.

Strengthen the supply of gas to the heating areas in the north. During the peak period, organize the "south gas to the north" and increase the use of gas storage to increase the supply of resources in the north, and strengthen the scheduling guarantee for the tight supply areas.

  Stabilize gas prices for people's livelihoods.

Urge all localities and related enterprises to strictly implement natural gas price policies, and maintain the basic stability of gas prices for people's livelihoods.

  Make preparations for accurate and orderly "suppressing non-profits and protecting the people".

Organize all localities and related enterprises to carry out a solid "suppressing the non-protection of the people" plan exercise, formulate a practical reduction work plan, ensure that a case is in hand and available at any time, and resolutely achieve "suppressing the non-protection of the people" and "limit the gas without closing the valve" ".

  Beijing News reporter Jiang Huizi

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