(Economic Observation) China's grain is expected to have another bumper harvest, agricultural stable production and supply will become economic "ballast stone"

  China News Service, Beijing, November 17 (Reporter Chen Su) According to recent data released by the National Bureau of Statistics of China, China's autumn grain production is expected to increase, and another bumper harvest for the whole year is expected.

Increased grain production and stable agricultural production have become the "ballast stone" of China's economic development.

  According to the National Bureau of Statistics of China, in October, China's autumn grain harvest is coming to an end. Judging from the actual harvest in various regions, autumn grain production is expected to increase.

Based on an increase of 5.93 billion catties in summer grain production and 1.45 billion catties in early rice production over the previous year, the country's total grain output is expected to reach more than 1.3 trillion catties.

  Since the beginning of this year, Chinese agriculture has been affected by various unfavorable factors such as the global epidemic and flood conditions.

Li Guoxiang, a researcher at the Institute of Rural Development of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, told a reporter from China News Agency that floods in Shanxi and Henan have adversely affected the production of important agricultural products such as grain and vegetables.

International food prices have risen significantly. International wheat prices have risen by 50%. Under the influence of the new crown pneumonia epidemic and trade protectionism, the international food supply chain has been impacted, and the stability of food imports is also facing challenges.

  Under various challenges, China's agriculture has maintained its "constancy".

According to the dispatch of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of China, the sown area of ​​autumn grains in China is expanding this year. Although the local area is affected by the continuous heavy rainfall and the disaster is more serious, the overall disaster situation is lighter than that of previous years. The autumn grain is expected to have another bumper harvest.

In addition, under the official measures such as rush to harvest and broadcast, and cross-regional scheduling, important agricultural products such as grain have achieved stable production and supply.

  According to data released by the National Development and Reform Commission of China recently, China’s total grain reserves are sufficient, the size of government reserves has increased steadily, and the structure and layout have been continuously optimized. Corporate commodity inventories have increased significantly, and both wheat and rice commodity inventories have increased by 50% year-on-year. Above, the ability to prevent risks has been effectively enhanced.

The local finished grain and oil reserves in the main urban areas and volatile markets of 36 large and medium-sized cities have reached market supply for 15 days or more.

  As the autumn grain harvest is a foregone conclusion, China's grain output will also stabilize at more than 1.3 trillion catties for seven consecutive years.

With China's rice bowl firmly established and the foundation of agriculture firmly established, the resilience of the Chinese economy to respond to various risks and challenges has also increased.

  "China's social and economic development is facing a new situation. The new crown pneumonia epidemic, the complex international situation, and extreme natural disasters have brought many challenges. At this time, the role of agriculture in stabilizing the social economy is more prominent." Li Guoxiang said that China's grain production has reaped another bumper harvest and firmly holds the initiative of food security.

  Looking forward to the later period, experts analyze and point out that China’s food and agricultural production still faces many challenges, such as rising international food prices, the impact of the epidemic on the stability of the food supply chain, the threat of La Niña to agricultural production this winter, rising prices of agricultural materials, and increasingly resource and environmental constraints. Wait a minute, China's grain production and supply are still in a "tight balance" state, and the "string" of food security must always be tightened.

  At the beginning of this month, the executive meeting of the State Council of China once again emphasized "holding the Chinese rice bowl", requiring stable agricultural production, strengthening the protection and quality of arable land, stabilizing the sown area of ​​grain, maintaining grain output above 1.3 trillion catties, and ensuring the supply of important agricultural products such as grain. Improve reserves and market regulation capabilities.

At the same time, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the Ministry of Commerce and other departments have successively made arrangements to stabilize the production and supply of agricultural products this winter and next spring.

  Planting in autumn and winter determines the start of next year's grain production.

Regarding the impact of this year’s autumn floods and the La Niña incident, Liu Lihua, deputy director of the Planting Management Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said that it is expected that a weak to moderate La Niña incident will be formed in December. Good autumn sowing and finishing, ensure the stability of the wheat area, take good care of the field management before winter, prevent low temperature and freeze damage and pests and weeds, ensure the safe overwintering of wheat, plan early next year’s early spring wheat field management, and lay the foundation for a bumper summer grain harvest next year.